Kingdom of Balhara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Balhara according to Acad. Suren T. Eremian's reconstruction of the original map of Central Asia from the Armenian geographical atlas 'Ashharatsuyts'

Kingdom of Balhara was an Indian kingdom and the subject of a fringe theory of some Bulgarian scientists (for example: Georgi Bakalov, Petar Dobrev, Ian Mladjov) to have been the earliest known state [1][2] of the ancient Bulgars, situated in the upper course of Oxus River (present Amu Darya), and the foothills and valleys of Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains (ancient Mount Imeon).[3] Peter Dobrev places the date of the kingdom around the 12th century BC.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ .
  2. ^ [1]". Brockhaus Conversations-Lexikon Bd. 7. Amsterdam 1809, S. 161-162.
  3. ^ "[2]". Pierer's Universal-Lexikon, Band 2. Altenburg 1857, S. 230.
  4. ^ Peter Dobrev, Tangra TanNakRa All Bulgarian Foundation and the Centre For Research On The Bulgarians
  • Shirakatsi, Anania, The Geography of Ananias of Sirak (Asxarhacoyc): The Long and the Short Recensions. Introduction, Translation and Commentary by Robert H. Hewsen. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, 1992. 467 pp. ISBN 978-3-88226-485-2
  • Dimitrov, Bozhidar. Bulgarians and Alexander of Macedon. Sofia: Tangra Publishers, 2001. 138 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-9942-29-5
  • Dobrev, Petar. Unknown Ancient Bulgaria. Sofia: Ivan Vazov Publishers, 2001. 158 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-604-121-1
  • US Department of State. Background Note: Bulgaria. Historical Highlights. 2011.
  • Ivanov, Sergey. Prehistory and History of the Ancient Bulgars. Sofia: Mabik Publishers, 2005. 512 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-91707-2-1
  • Petkov, Plamen. The Bulgarians: 30,000 Kilometres in Search of the Old Homeland. Sofia: Trud Publishers, 2007. 374 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-52877-0-5
  • Dobrev, Petar. Balhara near Pamir. Sofia: Tangra TanNakRa Publishers, 2004. 256 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-99426-4-3
  • Ivanov, Lyubomir (2007). Essential History of Bulgaria in Seven Pages. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. p. 2. Retrieved 20 March 2016.