Kingdom of Balkhara

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Balhara according to Acad. Suren T. Eremian's reconstruction of the original map of Central Asia from the Armenian geographical atlas 'Ashharatsuyts'

Kingdom of Balkhara is the subject of a fringe theory[1] on the originating homeland of the Bulgar people. It is popularised by some Bulgarian historians (for example: Georgi Bakalov, Petar Dobrev, Ian Mladjov) to have been the earliest known state[2][unreliable source?][3][unreliable source?] of the Bulgars, situated in the upper course of Oxus River (present Amu Darya), and the foothills and valleys of Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains (ancient Mount Imeon).[4][unreliable source?] Peter Dobrev places the date of the kingdom around the 12th century BC.[5][page needed]

The theory is based on the presumed relationship between the Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex and the Bulgars.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Aleksandar Nikolov, The Phenomenon of “Parahistory” in Post-Communist Bulgaria, Old Theories and New Myths on Proto-Bulgarians, in Quest for a Suitable Past, Myths and Memory in Central and Eastern Europe with Claudia Florentina Dobre and Cristian Emilian Ghiţă as ed. Central European University Press, 2018, ISBN 9633861365, pp. 135-147.
  2. ^ .
  3. ^ [1]". Brockhaus Conversations-Lexikon Bd. 7. Amsterdam 1809, S. 161-162.
  4. ^ "[2]". Pierer's Universal-Lexikon, Band 2. Altenburg 1857, S. 230.
  5. ^ Peter Dobrev, Tangra TanNakRa All Bulgarian Foundation and the Centre For Research On The Bulgarians
  • Shirakatsi, Anania, The Geography of Ananias of Sirak (Asxarhacoyc): The Long and the Short Recensions. Introduction, Translation and Commentary by Robert H. Hewsen. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, 1992. 467 pp. ISBN 978-3-88226-485-2
  • Dimitrov, Bozhidar. Bulgarians and Alexander of Macedon. Sofia: Tangra Publishers, 2001. 138 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-9942-29-5
  • Dobrev, Petar. Unknown Ancient Bulgaria. Sofia: Ivan Vazov Publishers, 2001. 158 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-604-121-1
  • US Department of State. Background Note: Bulgaria. Historical Highlights. 2011.
  • Ivanov, Sergey. Prehistory and History of the Ancient Bulgars. Sofia: Mabik Publishers, 2005. 512 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-91707-2-1
  • Petkov, Plamen. The Bulgarians: 30,000 Kilometres in Search of the Old Homeland. Sofia: Trud Publishers, 2007. 374 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-52877-0-5
  • Dobrev, Petar. Balhara near Pamir. Sofia: Tangra TanNakRa Publishers, 2004. 256 pp. (in Bulgarian) ISBN 954-99426-4-3
  • Ivanov, Lyubomir (2007). Essential History of Bulgaria in Seven Pages. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. p. 2. Retrieved 20 March 2016.