List of kings of Connacht

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Kings of Connacht
Rí Chonnacht
Kingdom of Connacht-900.svg
Map of Connacht, c. 10th century.
Details
Style Rí Chonnacht
First monarch Genann
Last monarch Feidhlimidh Geangcach Ó Conchobair
Formation Ancient
Abolition 1474
Residence Rathcroghan
Carnfree
Appointer Tanistry
Pretender(s) Desmond O'Conor Don
(Ó Conchubhair Donn)

The Kings of Connacht were rulers of the cóiced (variously translated as portion, fifth, province) of Connacht, which lies west of the River Shannon, Ireland. However, the name only became applied to it in the early medieval era, being named after The Connachta.

The old name for the province was Cóiced Ol nEchmacht (the fifth of the Ol nEchmacht). Ptolemy's map of c. 150 AD does in fact list a people called the Nagnatae as living in the west of Ireland. Some are of the opinion that Ptolemy's Map of Ireland may be based on cartography carried out as much as five hundred years before his time.

The Connachta were a group of dynasties who claimed descent from the three eldest sons of Eochaid Mugmedon: Brion, Ailill and Fiachrae. They took their collective name from their alleged descent from Conn Cétchathach. Their younger brother, Niall Noigiallach was ancestor to the Uí Néill.

The following is a list of kings of Connacht from the fifth to fifteenth centuries.

Contents

Pre-Historic Kings of Ol nEchmacht[edit]

  • Genann
  • Conrac Cas
  • Eochaid Feidlech
  • Eochaidh Allat
  • Tinni mac Conri
  • Medb, Queen of Connacht
  • Medb and Ailill mac Máta
  • Maine Aithreamhail mac Ailill Máta
  • Sanbh Sithcheann mac Ceat mac Magha
  • Cairbre mac Maine Aithreamhail
  • Eochaidh Fionn
  • Aodh mac Cu Odhar
  • Eochaidh mac Cairbre
  • Aonghus Fionn mac Domhnall
  • Cormac Ulfhada
  • Aonghus Feirt mac Aonghus Fionn
  • Connall Cruchain mac Aonghus Feirt
  • Fearadach mac Connal Cruchain
  • Forghus Fiansa
  • Forghus Fiansa and Art mac Conn
  • Ceidghin Cruchain mac Connall Cruchain
  • Aodh mac Eochaidh
  • Aodh Alainn mac Eochaidh Baicidh
  • Nia Mór mac Lughna
  • Lughaidh mac Lughna Fear Tri
  • Aodh Caomh mac Garadh Glundubh
  • Coinne mac Fear Tri
  • Muireadh Tireach mac Fiachra Sraibrintne
  • Eochaid Mugmedon
  • Niall Noigiallach/Niall of the Nine Hostages, died c. 450/455

List of historical kings[edit]

Uí Fiachrach, 406-482[edit]

Main article: Uí Fiachrach
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Amalgaid mac Fiachrae 406-440 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae 440
Nath Í mac Fiachrach 440-445 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae 445
Ailill Molt 445-482 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Nath Í mac Fiachrach 482

Uí Briúin, 482-500[edit]

Main article: Uí Briúin
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dauí Tenga Uma 482–500 O'Conor.png Son of Brión mac Echach Muigmedóin 500

Uí Fiachrach, 500-549[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Eógan Bél 500-542 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cellaig mac Ailill Molt 542
Ailill Inbanda 542-549 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Eógan Bél 549

Uí Briúin, 549-600[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Echu Tirmcharna 549–556 O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Muireadach 556
Áed mac Echach 556–575 O'Conor.png Son of Echu Tirmcharna 575
Uatu mac Áedo 575–600 O'Conor.png Son of Áed mac Echach 600

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 600-622[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Colmán mac Cobthaig 600-622 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cobthach mac Gabran 622

Uí Briúin, 622-649[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Rogallach mac Uatach 622–649 O'Conor.png Son of Uatu mac Áedo 649

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 649-663[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Loingsech mac Colmáin 649-655 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 655
Guaire Aidne mac Colmáin 655-663 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 663

Uí Briúin Seóla, 663-682[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cenn Fáelad mac Colgan 663–682 O'Flaherty.png Son of Colga mac Aodha 682

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 682-683[edit]

Main articles: Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe and Ó Dubhda
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dúnchad Muirisci 682-683 O'Dowd.png Son of Tipraite mac Máel Dubh 683

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 683-696[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Aidne mac Artgaile 683-696 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Artgal mac Guaire 696

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 696-702[edit]

Main article: Síol Muireadaigh
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muiredach Muillethan 696–702 O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Rogallaig 702

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 702-705[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Cellach mac Rogallach mac Uatach Uí Briúin 702–705

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 705-707[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 705-707 O'Dowd.png Son of Dúnchad Muirisci 707

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 707-723[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 707–723 O'Conor.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan 723

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 723-728[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Domnall mac Cellaig mac Rogallach Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 723–728

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 728-735[edit]

Main article: Ó Flannagáin
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Muiredaig 728-735 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan 735

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 735-742[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Balb mac Indrechtaig 735–742 O'Conor.png Son of Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 742

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 742-756[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Forggus mac Cellaig Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 742–756

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 756-764[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ailill Medraige mac Indrechtaig 756-764 O'Dowd.png Son of Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 764

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 764-768[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dub-Indrecht mac Cathail 764-768 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 768

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 768-773[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Donn Cothaid mac Cathail 768-773 O'Dowd.png Son of Cathal mac Ailill Medraige 773

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 773-777[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Flaithrí mac Domnaill Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 773–777

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 777-782[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Artgal mac Cathail 777-782 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 782

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 782-786[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tipraite mac Taidg 782–786 O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg mac Indrechtach 786

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 786-792[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cináed mac Artgail 786-792 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Artgal mac Cathail 792

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 792-796[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Colla mac Fergusso Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 792–796

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 796-839[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 796–815 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 815
Diarmait mac Tommaltaig 815–833 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 833
Cathal mac Muirgiussa 833–839 O'Conor.png Son of Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 839

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 839-843[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Murchad mac Áedo 839-840 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Aedh mac Fogartach 840
Fergus mac Fothaid 840-843 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Fothaid mac Dub-Indrecht 843

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 843-956[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Finsnechta mac Tommaltaig 843–848 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 848
Mugron mac Máel Cothaid 848–872 O'Conor.png Son of Máel Cothaid 872
Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 872–882 O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg Mór mac Muirgius 882
Áed mac Conchobair 882–888 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 888
Tadg mac Conchobair 888–900 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 900
Cathal mac Conchobair 900–925 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 925
Tadg mac Cathail 925–956 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobair 956

Ó Ruairc, 956-967[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Ua Ruairc 956–967 O'Rourke.png Son of Art mac Ruarc 967

Ó Conchobhair, 967-1030[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Conchobar mac Tadg 967–973 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Tadg 973 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 973–1010 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Tadg 1010
Tadg in Eich Gil 1010–1030 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 1030

Ó Ruairc, 1030-1046[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Art Uallach Ua Ruairc 1030–1046 O'Rourke.png Son of Aedh mac Fergal 1046

Ó Conchobhair, 1046-1067[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed in Gai Bernaig 1046–1067 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg in Eich Gil 1067

Ó Ruairc, 1067-1087[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Ua Ruairc 1067–1087 O'Rourke.png Son of Art Uallach mac Aedh 1087

Ó Conchobhair, 1087-1092[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidrí na Saide Buide 1087–1092 O'Conor.png Son of Áed in Gai Bernaig 1092

Ó Flaithbheartaigh, 1092-1095[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh 1092–1095 O'Flaherty.png Son of Mac meic Aedh Ua Flaithbheartaigh 1098

Ó Conchobhair, 1092-1097[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1092–1097 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1097

Ó Ruairc, 1097-1102[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Ruairc 1097–1102 O'Rourke.png Son of Tigernán mac Ualgharg 1102

Ó Conchobhair, 1102-1280[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Conchobair 1102–1106 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1106
Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1106–1156 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1156
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1156–1186 O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1198
Conchobar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair 1186–1189 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1189
Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobhair 1190–1202 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair 1202
Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1202–1224 O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1224
Aedh Ua Conchobair 1224–1228 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1228
Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair 1228–1233 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1233
Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1233–1256 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1256
Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair 1265–1274 O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1274
Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair 1274–1280 O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1280

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1280-1293[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal Ó Conchobair 1280-1288; 1293 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293
Maghnus Ó Conchobair 1288-1293 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293

Ó Conchobhair, 1293-1309[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh Ó Conchobair 1293-1309 O'Conor.png Son of Eoghan mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1309-1310[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309-1310 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Ó Conchobair 1310

Ó Conchubhair Ruadh, 1310-1317[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fedlim Ó Conchobair 1310–1316 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1316

Ó Conchobhair, 1316-1317[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri na bhFeadh Ó Conchobair 1316-1317 O'Conor.png Son of Donnchadh mac Eoghan Ó Conchobair unknown

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1317-1350[edit]

Main article: Ó Conchobhair Donn
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1317–1318
1324-1350
O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1350
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1324 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1345

Ó Conchobhair Sligigh, 1318-1324[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Domhnall Ó Conchobair 1318-1324 O'Conor.png Son of Domnall mac Tadg Ó Conchobair 1324

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1342-1350[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh mac Aedh Breifneach Ó Conchobair 1342-1350 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Breifneach mac Cathal Ó Conchobair 1350

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1368-1474[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1368–1384 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1384
Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1384–1406 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 9 December 1406
Cathal mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1406–1439 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 19 March 1439
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Óg Ó Conchobair 1439–1461 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 15 May 1461
Fedlim Geancach Ó Conchobair 1461–1475 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1474

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Annals of the Four Masters, 1990 edition.
  • The Annals of Connacht, A. Martin Freeman, 1944.
  • Irish Kings and High Kings, Francis John Byrne, 1973.
  • Leabhar Mor Genealach, Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh, ed. O'Muralie, 2004.

External links[edit]