Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569)

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Kingdom of Poland
Królestwo Polskie (pl)
Regnum Poloniae (la)

Royal Banner Royal Coat of arms
Nic o nas bez nas
"Nothing about us without us"
Gaude Mater Polonia[1]
"Rejoice, oh Mother Poland"
The Kingdom of Poland between 1386 & 1434.[2]
Capital Kraków
Languages Polish, Latin
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Hereditary Monarchy
 -  1385–1389 Jadwiga (first)
 -  1548–1569 Sigismund II (last)
Legislature Sejmik
 -  Privy Council Senate
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Union of Krewo 14 August 1385
 -  Statute adopted 3 May 1505
 -  Union with Lithuania 1 July 1569
Currency Polish Złoty

The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae), was the Polish state created by the Union of Krewo, uniting Poland and Lithuania under the rule of a single monarch. Later, elected monarchs of both states happened to be the same persons, or members of the same royal family. The union was transformed to a closer one by the Union of Lublin in 1569, which was shortly followed by the end of the Jagiellon dynasty that had ruled Poland for two centuries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Anthem Creation History
  2. ^ This map contains 4 mistakes : 1)- Moldavia wasn't a province of the Polish kingdom, but a principality, vassal of Poland between 1387 and 1497 : the Moldavian prince were not appointed by the polish King but elected by the moldavian Sfat ; 2)- In this time Kilja was on the south side of Chilia arm (today Chilie Veche in Romania, not the new Kilija in Ukraine) ; 3)- Danube delta was moldavian till 1484 and the shoreline was different in 1400 ; 4)- Akkerman is not another town but the turkish name (1484) of Bialgorod. Sources: Hans-Erich Stier (dir.) "Grosser Atlas zur Weltgeschichte", Ed. Westermann 1985, ISBN 3-14-100919-8, "Történelmi atlasz", Magyar Academy 1991, ISBN 963-351422-3 CM, "Atlas istorico-geografic", Ed. Academica 1994, ISBN 973-27-0500-0, Constantin C. Giurescu & Dinu C. Giurescu :" History of the Romanian lands", Ed. Academica 1985, p.209-210, N. P. Comneanu : "Les principautés roumaines à travers les âges", Ed. Payot, Paris 1919 and Lucian Predescu : "Enciclopedia Cugetarea", p.562-563.