Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569)

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Kingdom of Poland
Królestwo Polskie (pl)
Regnum Poloniae (la)

Royal Banner Royal Coat of arms
Nic o nas bez nas
"Nothing about us without us"
Gaude Mater Polonia[1]
"Rejoice, oh Mother Poland"
The Kingdom of Poland between 1386 & 1434.
Capital Kraków
Languages Polish, Latin
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Hereditary Monarchy
 •  1385–1389 Jadwiga (first)
 •  1548–1569 Sigismund II (last)
Legislature Sejmik
 •  Privy Council Senate
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Union of Krewo 14 August 1385
 •  Statute adopted 3 May 1505
 •  Union with Lithuania 1 July 1569
Currency Ducats, Rhenish guilders
Polish złoty (from 1496)
Red złoty (from 1526)
Today part of  Belarus

The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae), was the part of federalistic state created by the Union of Krewo, uniting Poland and Lithuania under the rule of a single monarch. Later, elected monarchs of both states happened to be the same persons, or members of the same royal family. The union was transformed to a closer one by the Union of Lublin in 1569, which was shortly followed by the end of the Jagiellon dynasty that had ruled Poland for two centuries.

See also[edit]