Principality of Ruhuna

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Ruhuna (Ruhunu)

The Principality of Ruhuna, also referred to as the Kingdom of Ruhuna, is a region of present-day Southern and Eastern Sri Lanka. It was the center of a flourishing civilization and the cultural and economic centers of ancient Sri Lanka. Magama, Tissamaharama and Mahanagakula (now called as Ambalantota), were established here.[1][2]


Ruhuna was founded around 200 BC by Prince Mahanaga, brother to Devanampiya Tissa of Anuradhapura, after a personal dispute. This region played a vital role in building the nation as well in the establishment of Buddhist culture.[3]

The area identified with Ruhuna in ancient times is mainly the Southern Province, a large part of the Uva Province and small parts of, Sabaragamuwa & Eastern Provinces.[3]

Princes of Ruhuna[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Mahanaga - - ? ? Younger brother of Devanampiya Tissa
Yatala Tissa - - ? ? Son of Mahanaga
Gothabhaya - - ? 205 BC Son of Yatala Tissa
Kavan Tissa - - 205 BC 161 BC Son of Gothabhaya
(aka Kassapa VI before coronation)
- - 1029 1041 *Son of Mahinda
- - 1049 1049 *A nobleman of Ruhuna
Mahalana Kirthi - - 1049 1052 *A Chief
Vikkama Pandya - - 1052 1053 *A Sinhala Prince
Jagathpala - - 1053 1057 *A native of Ayodhya
Pârakkama Pandya - - 1057 1059
- - 1059 ? *An inhabitant of Ruhuna

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "South Asia-China Dialogue: Proceedings of the Joint Seminar of South Asian and Chinese Scholars, Beijing, 9-16 June 1980". Marga Institute. 1983. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  2. ^ Ring, Trudy (1996). Asia and Oceania: International Dictionary of Historic Places. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781136639791.
  3. ^ a b Sīnigama Mahānāma, Maṅgalasiri (1996). Ruhuṇu puda bima. Sri Lanka: Ministry of Education (Sri Lanka). ISBN 955-923-700-4.