Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Constitutional Assembly election, 1920

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Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Constitutional Assembly election, 1920
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
28 November 1920 (1920-11-28) → 1923

All 419 seats to the Constituent Assembly
210 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Ljubimir davidovic.jpg NikolaPasic--serbiaherpeopleh00petruoft.png Stjepan Radić (2).jpg
Leader Ljubomir Davidović Nikola Pašić Stjepan Radić
Party DS NRS HSS
Seats won 92 91 58
Popular vote 319,448 284,575 198,736
Percentage 19.9% 17.7% 12.4%

Prime Minister before election

Ljubomir Davidovic
DS

Subsequent Prime Minister

Ljubomir Davidovic
DS

Emblem of SFR Yugoslavia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Yugoslavia
Administrative divisions
Election campaign of KPY in 1920.

Constitutional Assembly elections were held in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on 28 November 1920. The Democratic Party emerged as the largest faction, winning 92 of the 419 seats.[1]

Background[edit]

Up until the elections a Provisional Assembly had existed of unelected delegates from each of the constituent regions of the country.

Province Seats in
Provisional
Assembly
Seats in
Constitutional
Assembly
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42 63
Croatia-Slavonia 62 93
Dalmatia 12 11
Istria 4 N/A
Montenegro 12 10
Northern Serbia 84 103
Southern Serbia 24 55
Slovenia 32 40
Vojvodina 24 44
Total 296 419

Electoral districts[edit]

The electoral districts corresponded to administrative divisions of the constitutive lands which came together to form the Kingdom in late 1918. There were 56 in total:

Province No. of electoral districts Districts
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 Banja Luka, Bihać, Mostar, Sarajevo, Travnik, Tuzla
Croatia-Slavonia 9 Bjelovar-Križevci, Lika-Krbava, Modruš-Rijeka, Požega, Syrmia, Varaždin (with Međimurje), Virovitica, Zagreb, City of Zagreb
Dalmatia 2 Dubrovnik-Kotor-Split, Šibenik-Zadar
Montenegro 1 Montenegro (single district)
Northern Serbia 18 Belgrade, City of Belgrade, Čačak, Kragujevac, Krajina, Kruševac, Morava, Niš, Pirot, Podrinje, Požarevac, Rudnik, Smederevo, Timok, Toplica, Užice, Valjevo, Vranje
Southern Serbia 12 Berane-Bijelo Polje-Pljevlja-Prijepolje, Bitola, Bregalnica, Kosovo, Kumanovo, Metohija, Ohrid, Prizren, Raška-Zvečan, Skopje, Tetovo, Tikveš
Slovenia 3 Celje-Maribor, Ljubljana-Novo Mesto, City of Ljubljana
Vojvodina 5 Veliki Bečkerek-Velika Kikinda, Novi Sad, Pančevo-Bela Crkva, Sombor, Subotica
Total 56

Parties[edit]

There were a total of 22 party lists and one independent list.

  • Croatian Husbandmen's Party (Hrvatska težačka stranka, HTS) - Croatian nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina formed in 1919.[2] Its leader Jozo Sunarić had been a leading member of the Croat People's Union in the former Diet of Bosnia.
  • Croatian Popular Party (Hrvatska pučka stranka, HPS) - Political party formed in 1919 associated with the Croatian Catholic movement.[2] It ran candidates in districts in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia-Slavonia, Dalmatia, and Vojvodina.
  • Independent Agrarian Party (Samostojna kmetijska stranka, SKS) - Slovenian anti-clerical political party founded in June 1919 in Ljubljana.
  • People's Radical Party (Narodna radikalna stranka, NRS) - Formed in Serbia in 1881, the People's Radical Party had formed the government of the Kingdom of Serbia since 1909 and its party leader Nikola Pašić became the first prime minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918.
  • Yugoslav Democratic Party (Jugoslovenska demokratska stranka, JDS) - Formed by former members of the Croat-Serb Coalition in Austria-Hungary led by Croatian Serb Svetozar Pribićević and opposition politicians in Serbia led by Ljubomir Davidović in February 1919. The party advocated a centralized state and the abolishment of regional autonomy.[2]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Yugoslav Democratic Party 319,448 19.9 92
People's Radical Party 284,575 17.7 91
Croatian Popular Peasant Party 230,590 14.3 50
Communist Party 198,736 12.4 58
Agrarian Alliance-Independent Agrarian Party[a] 151,603 9.4 39
Yugoslav Muslim Organization 110,895 6.9 24
Slovene People's Party 58,971 3.7 14
Bunjevac-Šokac PartyCroatian Popular Party list[b] 52,333 3.3 13
Social Democratic Party 46,792 2.9 10
Croatian Husbandmen's Party 38,400 2.4 7
Džemijet 30,029 1.9 8
Croatian Community 25,867 1.6 4
Republican Party 18,136 1.1 3
Croatian Party of Rights 10,880 0.7 2
Ante Trumbić 6,581 0.4 1
People's Socialist Party 6,186 0.4 2
Liberal Party 5,061 0.3 1
Others 12,118 0.7 0
Total 1,607,265 100 419
Registered voters/turnout 2,480,623 64.9
Source: Nohlen et al.

a Of the 39 seats won by the Agrarian Alliance-Independent Agrarian Party list, thirty were taken by the Agrarian Alliance and nine by the Independent Agrarian Party.

b Of the 13 seats won by the Bunjevac-Šokac PartyCroatian Popular Party list, nine were taken by the Croatian Popular Party and four by the Bunjevac-Šokac Party.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Klaus Landfried (1969) Die Wahl der Parlamente und andere Staatsorgane, Walter de Gruyter, p783
  2. ^ a b c Donia 2006, p. 136.

References[edit]

  • Donia, Robert J. (2006). Sarajevo: A Biography. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-4721-1557-0. 

External links[edit]