Kingdom of Syunik

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Kingdom of Syunik-Baghk

The Kingdom of Syunik-Baghk between 1020 and 1166
The Kingdom of Syunik-Baghk between 1020 and 1166
Common languagesArmenian
Armenian Apostolic
• Established
• Disestablished

Kingdom of Syunik (Armenian: Սյունիքի թագավորություն), also known as the Kingdom of Baghk[2] and sometimes as the Kingdom of Kapan,[2] was a medieval dependent Armenian kingdom[1][2] on the territory of Syunik, Artsakh (present-day Nagorno-Karabakh), and Gegharkunik. Ruled by the Siunia dynasty, the town of Kapan was the capital of the kingdom.[3]


  1. ^ a b Armenia and Iran // Encyclopædia Iranica "In 1162, eastern Armenia was attacked by the atabeg Īldegoz of Azerbaijan. In 1170, with a new invasion, the Armenian Kingdom of Siunikʿ was terminated."
  2. ^ a b c Armenia // Encyclopædia Britannica "The Byzantine conquest was short-lived: in 1048 Toghrïl Beg led the first Seljuq raid into Armenia, in 1064 Ani and Kars fell to Toghrïl’s nephew and heir Alp-Arslan, and after the Battle of Manzikert (1071) most of the country was in Turkish hands. In 1072 the Kurdish Shāddādids received Ani as a fief. A few native Armenian rulers survived for a time in the Kiurikian kingdom of Lori, the Siuniqian kingdom of Baghq or Kapan, and the principates of Khachen (Artzakh) and Sasun."
  3. ^ Sisakan: Ghevond Alishan, Venice, 1893