List of kings of Connacht

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Kings of Connacht
Rí Chonnacht
Kingdom of Connacht-900.svg
Map of Connacht, c. 10th century.
Details
Style Rí Chonnacht
First monarch Genann
Last monarch Feidhlimidh Geangcach Ó Conchobair
Formation Ancient
Abolition 1474
Residence Rathcroghan
Carnfree
Appointer Tanistry
Pretender(s) Desmond O'Conor Don
(Ó Conchubhair Donn)

The Kings of Connacht were rulers of the cóiced (variously translated as portion, fifth, province) of Connacht, which lies west of the River Shannon, Ireland. However, the name only became applied to it in the early medieval era, being named after The Connachta.

The old name for the province was Cóiced Ol nEchmacht (the fifth of the Ol nEchmacht). Ptolemy's map of c. 150 AD does in fact list a people called the Nagnatae as living in the west of Ireland. Some are of the opinion that Ptolemy's Map of Ireland may be based on cartography carried out as much as five hundred years before his time.

The Connachta were a group of dynasties who claimed descent from the three eldest sons of Eochaid Mugmedon: Brion, Ailill and Fiachrae. They took their collective name from their alleged descent from Conn Cétchathach. Their younger brother, Niall Noigiallach was ancestor to the Uí Néill.

The following is a list of kings of Connacht from the fifth to fifteenth centuries.

Contents

Pre-Historic Kings of Ol nEchmacht[edit]

  • Genann
  • Conrac Cas
  • Eochaid Feidlech
  • Eochaidh Allat
  • Tinni mac Conri
  • Medb, Queen of Connacht
  • Medb and Ailill mac Máta
  • Maine Aithreamhail mac Ailill Máta
  • Sanbh Sithcheann mac Ceat mac Magha
  • Cairbre mac Maine Aithreamhail
  • Eochaidh Fionn
  • Aodh mac Cu Odhar
  • Eochaidh mac Cairbre
  • Aonghus Fionn mac Domhnall
  • Cormac Ulfhada
  • Aonghus Feirt mac Aonghus Fionn
  • Connall Cruchain mac Aonghus Feirt
  • Fearadach mac Connal Cruchain
  • Forghus Fiansa
  • Forghus Fiansa and Art mac Conn
  • Ceidghin Cruchain mac Connall Cruchain
  • Aodh mac Eochaidh
  • Aodh Alainn mac Eochaidh Baicidh
  • Nia Mór mac Lughna
  • Lughaidh mac Lughna Fear Tri
  • Aodh Caomh mac Garadh Glundubh
  • Coinne mac Fear Tri
  • Muireadh Tireach mac Fiachra Sraibrintne
  • Eochaid Mugmedon
  • Niall Noigiallach/Niall of the Nine Hostages, died c. 450/455

List of historical kings[edit]

Uí Fiachrach, 406-482[edit]

Main article: Uí Fiachrach
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Amalgaid mac Fiachrae
406-440
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae unknown 440
Nath Í mac Fiachrach
440-445
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae unknown 445
Ailill Molt
445-482
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Nath Í mac Fiachrach unknown 482

Uí Briúin, 482-500[edit]

Main article: Uí Briúin
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dauí Tenga Uma
482–500
O'Conor.png Son of Brión mac Echach Muigmedóin unknown 500

Uí Fiachrach, 500-549[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Eógan Bél
500-542
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cellaig mac Ailill Molt unknown 542
Ailill Inbanda
542-549
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Eógan Bél unknown 549

Uí Briúin, 549-600[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Echu Tirmcharna
549–556
O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Muireadach unknown 556
Áed mac Echach
556–575
O'Conor.png Son of Echu Tirmcharna unknown 575
Uatu mac Áedo
575–600
O'Conor.png Son of Áed mac Echach unknown 600

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 600-622[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Colmán mac Cobthaig
600-622
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cobthach mac Gabran unknown 622

Uí Briúin, 622-649[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Rogallach mac Uatach
622–649
O'Conor.png Son of Uatu mac Áedo unknown 649

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 649-663[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Loingsech mac Colmáin
649-655
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig unknown 655
Guaire Aidne mac Colmáin
655-663
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig unknown 663

Uí Briúin Seóla, 663-682[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cenn Fáelad mac Colgan
663–682
O'Flaherty.png Son of Colga mac Aodha unknown 682

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 682-683[edit]

Main articles: Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe and Ó Dubhda
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dúnchad Muirisci
682-683
O'Dowd.png Son of Tipraite mac Máel Dubh unknown 683

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 683-696[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fergal Aidne mac Artgaile
683-696
O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Artgal mac Guaire unknown 696

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 696-702[edit]

Main article: Síol Muireadaigh
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muiredach Muillethan
696–702
O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Rogallaig unknown 702

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 702-705[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Cellach mac Rogallach mac Uatach Uí Briúin 702–705

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 705-707[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Indrechtach mac Dúnchado
705-707
O'Dowd.png Son of Dúnchad Muirisci unknown 707

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 707-723[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Indrechtach mac Muiredaig
707–723
O'Conor.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan unknown 723

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 723-728[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Domnall mac Cellaig mac Rogallach Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 723–728

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 728-735[edit]

Main article: Ó Flannagáin
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal mac Muiredaig
728-735
Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan unknown 735

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 735-742[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed Balb mac Indrechtaig
735–742
O'Conor.png Son of Indrechtach mac Muiredaig unknown 742

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 742-756[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Forggus mac Cellaig Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 742–756

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 756-764[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ailill Medraige mac Indrechtaig
756-764
O'Dowd.png Son of Indrechtach mac Dúnchado unknown 764

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 764-768[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dub-Indrecht mac Cathail
764-768
Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig unknown 768

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 768-773[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Donn Cothaid mac Cathail
768-773
O'Dowd.png Son of Cathal mac Ailill Medraige unknown 773

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 773-777[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Flaithrí mac Domnaill Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 773–777

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 777-782[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Artgal mac Cathail
777-782
Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig unknown 782

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 782-786[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Tipraite mac Taidg
782–786
O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg mac Indrechtach unknown 786

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 786-792[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cináed mac Artgail
786-792
Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Artgal mac Cathail unknown 792

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 792-796[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Colla mac Fergusso Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 792–796

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 796-839[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muirgius mac Tommaltaig
796–815
O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail unknown 815
Diarmait mac Tommaltaig
815–833
O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail unknown 833
Cathal mac Muirgiussa
833–839
O'Conor.png Son of Muirgius mac Tommaltaig unknown 839

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 839-843[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Murchad mac Áedo
839-840
Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Aedh mac Fogartach unknown 840
Fergus mac Fothaid
840-843
Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Fothaid mac Dub-Indrecht unknown 843

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 843-956[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Finsnechta mac Tommaltaig
843–848
O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail unknown 848
Mugron mac Máel Cothaid
848–872
O'Conor.png Son of Máel Cothaid unknown 872
Conchobar mac Taidg Mór
872–882
O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg Mór mac Muirgius unknown 882
Áed mac Conchobair
882–888
O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór unknown 888
Tadg mac Conchobair
888–900
O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór unknown 900
Cathal mac Conchobair
900–925
O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór unknown 925
Tadg mac Cathail
925–956
O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobair unknown 956

Ó Ruairc, 956-967[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fergal Ua Ruairc
956–967
O'Rourke.png Son of Art mac Ruarc unknown 967

Ó Conchobhair, 967-1030[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Conchobar mac Tadg
967–973
O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail unknown 973
Cathal mac Tadg
973
O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail unknown 973
Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg
973–1010
O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Tadg unknown 1010
Tadg in Eich Gil
1010–1030
O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg unknown 1030

Ó Ruairc, 1030-1046[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Art Uallach Ua Ruairc
1030–1046
O'Rourke.png Son of Aedh mac Fergal unknown 1046

Ó Conchobhair, 1046-1067[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed in Gai Bernaig
1046–1067
O'Conor.png Son of Tadg in Eich Gil unknown 1067

Ó Ruairc, 1067-1087[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed Ua Ruairc
1067–1087
O'Rourke.png Son of Art Uallach mac Aedh unknown 1087

Ó Conchobhair, 1087-1092[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidrí na Saide Buide
1087–1092
O'Conor.png Son of Áed in Gai Bernaig unknown 1092

Ó Flaithbheartaigh, 1092-1095[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh
1092–1095
O'Flaherty.png Son of Mac meic Aedh Ua Flaithbheartaigh unknown 1098

Ó Conchobhair, 1092-1097[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair
1092–1097
O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain unknown 1097

Ó Ruairc, 1097-1102[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Domnall Ua Ruairc
1097–1102
O'Rourke.png Son of Tigernán mac Ualgharg unknown 1102

Ó Conchobhair, 1102-1280[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Domnall Ua Conchobair
1102–1106
O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain unknown 1106
Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair
1106–1156
O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain unknown 1156
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair
1156–1186
O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair unknown 1198
Conchobar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair
1186–1189
O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair unknown 1189
Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobhair
1190–1202
O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair unknown 1202
Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair
1202–1224
O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair unknown 1224
Aedh Ua Conchobair
1224–1228
O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair unknown 1228
Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair
1228–1233
O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair unknown 1233
Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair
1233–1256
O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair unknown 1256
Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair
1265–1274
O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair unknown 1274
Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair
1274–1280
O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair unknown 1280

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1280-1293[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal Ó Conchobair
1280-1288
1293
O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair unknown 1293
Maghnus Ó Conchobair
1288-1293
O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair unknown 1293

Ó Conchobhair, 1293-1309[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Aedh Ó Conchobair
1293-1309
O'Conor.png Son of Eoghan mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair unknown 1309

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1309-1310[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidri Ó Conchobair
1309-1310
O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Ó Conchobair unknown 1310

Ó Conchubhair Ruadh, 1310-1317[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fedlim Ó Conchobair
1310–1316
O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair unknown 1316

Ó Conchobhair, 1316-1317[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidri na bhFeadh Ó Conchobair
1316-1317
O'Conor.png Son of Donnchadh mac Eoghan Ó Conchobair unknown unknown

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1317-1350[edit]

Main article: Ó Conchobhair Donn
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair
1317–1318
1324-1350
O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair unknown 1350
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair
1324
O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 1345

Ó Conchobhair Sligigh, 1318-1324[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal mac Domhnall Ó Conchobair
1318-1324
O'Conor.png Son of Domnall mac Tadg Ó Conchobair unknown 1324

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1342-1350[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Aedh mac Aedh Breifneach Ó Conchobair
1342-1350
O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Breifneach mac Cathal Ó Conchobair unknown 1350

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1368-1474[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair
1368–1384
O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 1384
Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair
1384–1406
O'Conor.png Son of Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 9 December 1406
Cathal mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair
1406–1439
O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair unknown 19 March 1439
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Óg Ó Conchobair
1439–1461
O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair unknown 15 May 1461
Fedlim Geancach Ó Conchobair
1461–1475
O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair unknown 1474

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Annals of the Four Masters, 1990 edition.
  • The Annals of Connacht, A. Martin Freeman, 1944.
  • Irish Kings and High Kings, Francis John Byrne, 1973.
  • Leabhar Mor Genealach, Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh, ed. O'Muralie, 2004.

External links[edit]