List of kings of Leinster

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Kings of Leinster
Rí Laighin
Kingdom of Leinster-900.svg
Map of Leinster, c. 10th century.
Details
Style Rí Laighin
First monarch Úgaine Mór
Last monarch Domhnall Spáinneach mac Murchadha Caomhánach
Formation Ancient
Abolition 1603
Residence Dún Ailinne
Appointer Tanistry
Pretender(s) William Butler Kavanagh
(Caomhánach)

The following is a provisional list of the kings of Leinster who ruled the Irish kingdom of Leinster (or Laigin) up to 1632 with the death of Domhnall Spainneach Mac Murrough Caomhanach, the last legitimately inaugurated head of the MacMurrough Kavanagh royal line. Today's province of Leinster is considerably larger than the former kingdom.

Contents

Legendary[edit]

Kings of Leinster[edit]

Laigin, classical antiquity[edit]

Main articles: Laigin and Kingship of Tara
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Úgaine Mór
634–594 BC
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Eochu Buadach unknown 594 BCE
Lóegaire Lorc
594–592 BC
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Úgaine Mór unknown 592 BCE
Ailill Áine
592–592 BC
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Lóegaire Lorc unknown 592 BCE
Cobthach Cóel Breg
592–542 BC
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Úgaine Mór unknown 542 BCE
Labraid Loingsech
542–523 BC
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Ailill Áine mac Lóegaire Lorc unknown 523 BCE
Cathair Mór
119–122 BC
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Fedlimid Fir Urglais mac Cormac Gealtach 11 children 122 AD

Uí Cheinnselaig, 5th century[edit]

Main article: Uí Cheinnselaig
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fiacha Baicheda mac Cathair Mór

Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Cathair Mór unknown unknown
Bressal Bélach mac Fiacha Baicheda
–436
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Fiacha Baicheda mac Cathair Mór unknown 436
Énnae Cennsalach mac Labhradh

Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Labhradh mac Bressal Bélach unknown unknown

Uí Bairrche, 5th century[edit]

Main article: Uí Bairrche
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muiredach Mo Sníthech mac Dáire Barrach

(claimant)
O'Gorman.png Son of Dáire Barrach mac Cathair Mór unknown unknown
Móenach mac Muiredach Mo Sníthech

(claimant)
O'Gorman.png Son of Muiredach Mo Sníthech mac Dáire Barrach unknown unknown

Uí Enechglaiss, –446[edit]

Main article: Uí Enechglaiss
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Mac Cairthinn mac Coelboth
–446
unknown Son of Cóelbad unknown 446

Uí Cheinnselaig, 446–483[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Crimthann mac Énnai
446–483
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Énnae Cennsalach unknown 483

Uí Garrchon, 483–495[edit]

Main article: Uí Garrchon
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fincath mac Garrchu
483–485
unknown Son of Garrchú mac Fothaid unknown 485
Fráech mac Finchada
485–495
unknown Son of Fincath mac Garrchu unknown 495

Uí Dúnlainge, 495–592[edit]

Main article: Uí Dúnlainge
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ailill mac Dúnlainge
495–527
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Dúnlaing mac Énda Niada unknown 527
Cormac mac Ailillo
527–535
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Ailill mac Dúnlainge unknown 535
Coirpre mac Cormac
535–546
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Cormac mac Ailillo unknown 546
Colmán Már mac Coirpre
546–576
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Coirpre mac Cormac unknown 576
Áed Dub mac Colmáin
576–592
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Colmán Már mac Coirpre unknown 639

Uí Máil, 592–595[edit]

Main article: Uí Máil
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed Dibchine
592–595
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Seanach Diodhach mac Carthann Muadh unknown 595

Uí Cheinnselaig, 595–624[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Brandub mac Echach
595–605
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Echu mac Muiredaig unknown 605
Rónán mac Colmáin
605–624
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Colmán mac Cormaic unknown 624

Uí Máil, 624–633[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Crimthann mac Áedo
624–633
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Áed Dibchine unknown 633

Uí Dúnlainge, 633–666[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fáelán mac Colmáin
633–656
656–666
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Colmán Már mac Coirpri unknown 666

Uí Cheinnselaig, 656[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Crundmáel Erbuilc
656
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Rónán mac Colmáin unknown 656

Uí Máil, 666–680[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fiannamail mac Máele Tuile
666–680
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Máele Tuile mac Rónán Crach unknown 680

Uí Dúnlainge, 680–693[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Bran Mut mac Conaill
680–693
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Conall mac Fáelán unknown 693

Uí Máil, 693–715[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cellach Cualann
693–715
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Gertighe mac Diocolla Dana unknown 715

Uí Dúnlainge, 715–728[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Murchad mac Brain Mut
715–727
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Bran Mut mac Conaill unknown 727
Dúnchad mac Murchado
727–728
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Murchad mac Brain Mut unknown 728

Uí Fáeláin, 728–738[edit]

Main article: Ó Broin
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fáelán mac Murchado
728–738
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Murchad mac Brain Mut unknown 738

Uí Dúnlainge, 738[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Bran Becc mac Murchado
738
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Murchad mac Brain Mut unknown 738

Uí Cheinnselaig, 738[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed mac Colggen
738
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Colcú mac Bressail unknown 738

Uí Muiredaig, 738–760[edit]

Main article: Ó Tuathail
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muiredach mac Murchado
738–760
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Murchad mac Brain Mut unknown 760

Uí Dúnchada, 760–776[edit]

Main article: Mac Gilla Mo-Cholmóg
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cellach mac Dúnchada
760–776
unknown Son of Dúnchad mac Murchado unknown 776

Uí Fáeláin, 776–785[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruaidrí mac Fáeláin
776–785
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Fáelán mac Murchado unknown 785

Uí Muiredaig, 785–795[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Bran Ardchenn
785–795
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Muiredach mac Murchado unknown 795

Uí Dúnchada, 795–808[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fínsnechta Cethardec
795–808
unknown Son of Cellach mac Dúnchada unknown 808

Uí Muiredaig, 808–818[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muiredach mac Brain
808–818
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Bran Ardchenn unknown 818

Uí Fáeláin, 818–829[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muiredach mac Ruadrach
818–829
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Ruaidrí mac Fáeláin unknown 829

Uí Muiredaig, 829–834[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cellach mac Brain
829–834
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Bran Ardchenn unknown 834

Uí Dúnchada, 834–838[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Bran mac Fáeláin
834–838
unknown Son of Fáelán mac Cellaig unknown 838

Uí Muiredaig, 838–854[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Lorcán mac Cellaig
838–851
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Cellach mac Brain unknown unknown
Túathal mac Máele-Brigte
851–854
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Muiredach mac Brain unknown 854

Uí Dúnchada, 854–862[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ruarc mac Bran
854–862
unknown Son of Bran mac Fáeláin unknown 862

Uí Fáeláin, 862–863[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muirecán mac Diarmata
862–863
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Diarmata mac Ruadrach unknown 863

Uí Muiredaig, 863–871[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dúnlaing mac Muiredaig
863–869
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Muiredach mac Brain unknown 869
Ailill mac Dúnlainge
869–871
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Dúnlaing mac Muiredaig unknown 871

Uí Fáeláin, 871–884[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Domnall mac Muirecáin
871–884
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Muirecán mac Diarmata unknown 884

Uí Dúnchada, 884–885[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muiredach mac Brain
884–885
unknown Son of Bran mac Fáeláin unknown 885

Uí Fáeláin, 885–909[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cerball mac Muirecáin
885–909
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Muirecán mac Diarmata unknown 909

Uí Muiredaig, 909–917[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Augaire mac Aililla
909–917
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Ailill mac Dúnlainge unknown 917

Uí Dúnchada, 917–943[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Faelan mac Muiredach
917–942
unknown Son of Muiredach mac Brain unknown 942
Lorcán mac Fáelán
942–943
unknown Son of Faelan mac Muiredach unknown 943

Uí Fáeláin, 943–947[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Bran Fionn mac Máelmórda
943–947
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Máelmórda mac Muirecán unknown 947

Uí Muiredaig, 947–958[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Túathal mac Úgaire
947–958
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Augaire mac Aililla unknown 958

Uí Dúnchada, 958–966[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cellach mac Faelan
958–966
unknown Son of Faelan mac Muiredach unknown 966

Uí Fáeláin, 966–972[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Murchad mac Bran Fionn
966–972
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Bran Fionn mac Máelmórda unknown 972

Uí Muiredaig, 972–978[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Úgaire mac Túathail
972–978
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Túathal mac Úgaire unknown 978

Uí Dúnchada, 978–1003[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Domnall Claen
978–984
unknown Son of Lorcán mac Fáelán unknown 984
Donnchad mac Domnall Claen
984–1003
unknown Son of Domnall Claen unknown unknown

Uí Fáeláin, 1003–1014[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Máelmórda mac Murchada
1003–1014
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Murchad mac Bran Fionn unknown 1014

Uí Muiredaig, 1014–1016[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dúnlaing mac Tuathal
1014
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Úgaire mac Túathail unknown 1014
Donncuan mac Dúnlainge
1014–1016
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Dúnlaing mac Tuathal unknown 1016

Uí Fáeláin, 1016–1018[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Bran mac Máelmórda
1016–1018
O'Byrne (Ó Broin).png Son of Máelmórda mac Murchada unknown unknown

Uí Muiredaig, 1018–1033[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Augaire mac Dúnlainge
1018–1024
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Dúnlaing mac Tuathal unknown 1024
Donnchad mac Dúnlainge
1024–1033
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Dúnlaing mac Tuathal unknown unknown

Mac Giolla Phádraig, 1033–1039[edit]

Main article: Mac Giolla Phádraig
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Donnchad mac Gilla Pátraic
1033–1039
FitzPatrick of Osraige.png Son of Gilla Pátraic mac Donnchada unknown 1039

Uí Muiredaig, 1039–1042[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Murchad mac Dúnlainge
1039–1042
O'Toole (Ó Tuathail).png Son of Dúnlaing mac Tuathal unknown 1042

Mac Murchada, 1042–1115[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó
1042–1072
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Donnchad Máel na mBó unknown 7 February 1072
Murchad mac Diarmata
1052–1070
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó unknown 1070
Domnall mac Murchada
1072–1075
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Murchad mac Diarmata unknown 1075
Donnchad mac Domnaill Remair
1075–1089
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Domnall Remar mac Máel na mBó unknown 1089
Énna mac Diarmata
1089–1092
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó unknown 1092
Diarmait mac Énna
1092–1098
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Énna mac Diarmata unknown 1098
Donnchadh mac Murchada
1098–1115
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Murchad mac Diarmata unknown 1115

Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe, 1115[edit]

Main article: Uí Failghe
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Conchobar mac Congalaig
1115
Ó Conchobhair Uí Failghe.png Son of Congalach Ua Conchobair unknown 1115

Mac Murchada, 1115–1171[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Diarmait mac Énna meic Murchada
1115–1117
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Énna mac Murchada unknown 1117
Enna mac Donnchada meic Murchada
1117–1126
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Donnchadh mac Murchada unknown 1126
Diarmait mac Murchada
1126–1166
1169–1171
Blason Beaufort bis.svg Son of Donnchad mac Murchada unknown 1171

Caomhánach, 1171–1603[edit]

Main article: Caomhánach
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Domhnall Caomhánach mac Murchada
1171–1175
Kavanagh.png Son of Diarmait mac Murchada unknown 1175
Domhnall Óg mac Domhnall Caomhánach

Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall Caomhánach mac Murchada unknown unknown
Muirchertach mac Domhnall Óg mac Murchada Caomhánach
–1282
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall Óg mac Domhnall Caomhánach unknown 1282
Muiris mac Muirchertach mac Murchada Caomhánach
1282–1314
Kavanagh.png Son of Muirchertach mac Domhnall Óg mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1314
Art mac Murchada Caomhánach
1314–1323
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall Óg mac Domhnall Caomhánach unknown 1361
Domhnall mac Art mac Murchada Caomhánach
1323–1338
Kavanagh.png Son of Art mac Domhnall Óg mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1338
Domhnall mac Domhnall mac Murchada Caomhánach
1338–1347
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall mac Art mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1338
Muirchertach mac Muiris mac Murchada Caomhánach
1347–1354
Kavanagh.png Son of Muiris mac Muirchertach mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1354
Art Mór mac Murchada Caomhánach
1354–1362
Kavanagh.png Son of Muirchertach mac Muiris mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1362
Diarmait mac Murchada Caomhánach
1362–1369
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall mac Domhnall mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1369
Donnchadh mac Muirchertach mac Murchada Caomhánach
1369–1375
Kavanagh.png Son of Muirchertach mac Muiris mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1375
Art Mór mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1369–1375
Kavanagh.png Son of Muirchertach mac Muiris mac Murchada Caomhánach unknown 1375
Art Óg mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1375–1417
Kavanagh.png Son of Art Mór mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1417
Donnchadh mac Art mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1417–1478
Kavanagh.png Son of Art Óg mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1478
Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1478
Kavanagh.png Son of Gerald mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1478
Muircheartach mac Donnchadh mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1478–1512
Kavanagh.png Son of Donnchadh mac Art mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1512
Art Buidhe mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1512–1517
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1517
Gerald mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1517–1523
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1523
Muiris mac Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1523–1531
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1531
Muircheartach mac Art Buidhe mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1531–1547
Kavanagh.png Son of Art Buidhe mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1547
Muiris mac Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1523–1531
Kavanagh.png Son of Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1531
Murchadh mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1531–1557
Kavanagh.png Son of Muiris mac Domhnall Riabhach mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1531
Criomthann mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1557–1582
Kavanagh.png Son of Murchadh mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1582
Domhnall Spáinneach mac Murchadha Caomhánach
1582–1603
Kavanagh.png Son of Donnchadh mac Cathaoir mac Murchadha Caomhánach unknown 1632

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Book of Leinster, formerly Lebar na Núachongbála, section 26, page 181, Ríg Lagen; http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G800011A/text026.html
  • Kings of Leinster Genealogical Tables, pages 288–290,"Irish Kings and High Kings", Francis John Byrne, Dublin, 1973.
  • Kings, Saints and Sagas, Alfred. P. Smyth, in Wicklow:History and Society, 1994. ISBN 978-0-906602-30-0
  • Kings, the kingship of Leinster and the regnal poems of "laidshencfhas Laigen:a reflection of dynastic politics in Leinster, 650–1150, Edel Bhreathnach, in Seanchas:Studies in Early and Medieval Irish Archaeology, History and Literature in Honour of Francis John Byrne, ed. Alfred P. Smyth, pp. 299–312, Four Courts Press, Dublin, 2000
  • Kings of Leinster Genealogical Tables, pages 247–249, "War, Politics and the Irish of Leinster 1156–1606", Emmett O'Bryne, Dublin, 2004.
  • Register of Irish Chiefs as complied by genealogist Sean J. Murphy: http://homepage.eircom.net/~seanjmurphy/chiefs/register.htm

External links[edit]