Kings of Loango

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This is a list of the known kings of Loango.

It is not possible at the present state of knowledge to present a sure list of the rulers of Loango. There are only scattered references in the documentation left by visitors that can help to establish a chronology.

  • "Gembe" or "Gymbe" was noted as the ruler who preceded the king during the visit of Andrew Battell in around 1605.[1]
  • An anonymous Dutch source mentions that an unnamed ruler died around 1625 and that he had ruled for "a good 60 years".[2]
  • An anonymous Dutch source describes the successor to this ruler as his sister's son, and gives his name as "Iemby Cambrijs", and describe him of being of "good nature" and likely to have a successful reign.[3]
  • The Italian Capuchin missionary Bernardo Ungaro baptized a king in 1663 as Afonso, who was overthrown soon afterward by a non-Christian rival, who was in turn succeeded by a Christian in 1665.[4]
  • The English merchant Nathaniel Uring visited Loango in 1701 and reported that the king had recently died and affairs were in the hands of a woman named "Ma-kundy".[5]
  • The French missionaries who visited with Abbé Proyart noted that the predecessor of the unnamed king ruling in his day had died in 1766, and that his unnamed successor only took office following an interregnum of seven years (thus 1773).[6]
  • Another French visitor, Degrandpré witnessed the funeral of an unnamed king in 1787.[7]
  • Adolph Bastian, a German ethnographer led an expedition to Loango which lasted 1873-76, in his book published in 1874, he provided the first list of kings as they were remembered in oral tradition. His list included kings back to Njimbe who his informants named as the founder.
  • Eduard Pechuël-Loesche, a member of the same expedition provided another list of kings in a book only published in 1907. He named the king who died in 1787 as Puaty (Buati) and said there had been no king crowned since then.[8]
  • R. E. Dennett, an English trader who first came to the Loango coast in 1879, but only began serious study of its history in 1891, left a list of rulers in a book he published in 1906. He also said his informants named Njimbe as the first king.[9]
  • Phyllis Martin compiled a list of kings from some of these sources in 1972.[10]

Njimbe c. 1600

(a number of other kings named in oral traditions without any chronological order:

  • Tati of KondI
  • Bicullu
  • Makosso
  • Nombe
  • Puati of Tchibanga
  • Yambi
  • Tati (might be same as Tati of KondI
  • Bicullu Unkangebange (may be same as Bicullu above)
  • -1776 Makosso
  • 1776-73 Interregnum
  • 1773-87 BuatI

After BuatI no more rulers were chosen, but some royal type power was exercised by the Nganga Mvumbi (priest of the corpse) who was empowered to oversee the unburied corpse of Buatu. A list of these, without clear order follows:

  • Tati
  • Luemba
  • Makosso I
  • Puati I
  • Puati II
  • Makosso II
  • Makosso III
  • -1874 Nombe (or Numbe
  • 1874-/1883/4 Ntatu
  • 1883/4- ? Makosso Chikussu
  •  ?? Poaty
  • 1898- ? Loembe

The following list was supplied by another Wikipedia editor without sources:

Before the 18th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew Battell, ed. E. G. Ravenstein, The Strange Adventures of Andrew Battell of Leigh in Angola and Adjoining Lands (Oxford: Hakluyt Society, 1901), pp. 44 and 45. The original account was published by Samuel Purchas, Purchas His Pilgrims (London, 1625).
  2. ^ Nicholas van Wassenaer, Historisch verhael aller gedenckwaerdiger geschiedenissen die en Europa..., 8te deel, (Amsterdam:: Ian Lanß Boeckwerkoper, 20 May 1625) article of October 1624 to April 1625, fols. 27 (length of reign) and 28 (death).
  3. ^ Nicholas van Wassenaer, Historisch verhael aller gedenckwaerdiger geschiedenissen die in Europe... 15te Deel,(Amsterdam:: Ian Lanß Boeckwerkoper) September 1628, fol. 107v.
  4. ^ Giovanni Cavazzi da Montecuccolo, Istorica Descrizeione de tre regni Congo, Matamba ed Angola (Bologna, 1687) Book 5, nos. 53-57
  5. ^ Nathaniel Uring, ed. Alfred Dewar, The Voyages and Travels of Captain Nathaniel Uring (London: Cassell and Co., 1930) , pp. 27 and 29
  6. ^ Abbé Liévin-Bonaventure Proyart, Histoire de Loango, Kakongo et de autres royaumes d'Afrique (Paris and Lyon, 1776), p. 130.
  7. ^ L. Degrandpre, Voyage a la cote occidental d'Afrique fait dans les annees 1786 et 1787 (Paris: Dentu, 1801), p. 116.
  8. ^ Eduard Pechuël-Loesche, Volkskunde von Loango (Stuttgart: Streckel and Schoder, 1907) p. 155
  9. ^ R. E. Dennett, At the Back of the Black Man's Mind (London: MacMillian, 1906), pp. 5-7.
  10. ^ Phyllis Martin, The External Trade of the Loango Coast (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972), pp. 175-76.