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Kingsclere is a large village and civil parish in Hampshire, England.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Fairs
- 4 Inns
- 5 In popular culture
- 6 People from and associated with Kingsclere
- 7 Some renowned rectors
- 8 Racing associations
- 9 Other manors
- 10 Highclere, Kingsclere and Basingstoke Light Railway
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
Kingsclere can trace back its history to a place identified as belonging to King Alfred in his will between 872 and 888, the 'clere' possibly meaning 'bright' or 'clearing'.
Kingsclere formed part of the ancient demesne of the Crown. King Alfred by will left Kingsclere for life to his second daughter Ethelgiva, Abbess of Shaftesbury, and there are other mentions of it in Saxon charters. In 931 King Athelstan at a Witenagemot at Colchester granted 10 hides of land at Clere to Abbot Aelfric, and in 943 King Edmund bestowed 15 hides of land at Clere on the 'religious woman Aelfswith'. While sixteen years later King Edgar gave his thegn Aelfwine 10 hides of land at West Clere.
Local legend asserts that King John was troubled by a bedbug during a night in a Kingsclere inn, when prevented by fog from reaching his lodge on Cottington's hill. He ordained that the church should erect and evermore maintain upon its tower a representation of the creature which disturbed his sleep.
In 1218, the king ordered that the market which had been held in Kingsclere on Sundays should in the future be held on Saturdays. Warner, writing in the 18th century, mentions a well-frequented market on Tuesdays, and fairs the first Tuesday in April and the first Tuesday after 10 October. In 1848 the market was still held on Tuesdays, but had fallen very much into disuse, only a few farmers meeting at the Swan Inn with samples, and it probably ceased altogether about 1850. The fairs continued (c. 1911) to be held—on Whit Tuesday for pleasure on Ashford Hill and the Tuesday after Old Michaelmas Day for hiring servants and pleasure in the market place.
The former Falcon Inn, in Swan street, was one of the oldest in Hampshire, is especially interesting as being at one time in the possession of William Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury, who in 1510 gave it to Winchester College upon trust for the maintenance and support of the scholars upon its foundation. The original 'Crowne' Inn is mentioned in the parish register in 1611, and the 'Golden Faucon' in 1628. The modern Crown Inn was built in 1853, and the Swan Inn dates back to well before 1848, and its sign proclaims it a 15th C. Rooming Inn.
In popular culture
The nearby Watership Down is the setting for the 1972 novel of the same name by Richard Adams. Watership Down was also the site of the 1982 World Field Archery Championship put on by the Overton Black Arrows archery club from the nearby village of Overton. The actress Lavinia Fenton, most famous for her role as the first Polly Peachum in John Gay's The Beggar's Opera, was lover and then wife of Charles Powlett, 3rd Duke of Bolton of the parish. Their eldest son, Rev. Charles Powlett, was briefly vicar of Kingsclere.
People from and associated with Kingsclere
- Edith of Wessex (c. 1025 – 18 December 1075) Queen Edith, widow of Edward the Confessor.
- Rosamund Clifford, the fair Rosamund, (before 1150 – ca. 1176), a royal mistress, stayed at the royal residence at Tidgrove, on the southern side of the parish.
- John de Lancelevy, lord of the manor of Hannington.
- Peter Fitz Herbert, lord of the manors of North Oakley and Wolverton, held the church after Hyde Abbey.
- Ranulf de Broc (sometimes Rannulf de Broc; died around 1179), and his son-in-law Stephen of Thornham (died c. 1214), possessors of the manor of Frobury (Frollebury).
- Walter de Coutances, Walter of Rouen (died 1207), Anglo-Norman bishop of Lincoln and archbishop of Rouen.
- King John (died 1216).
- William Melton (died 1340), 43rd Archbishop of York (1317–1340), held the manor of Kingsclere. Sir William Melton (died 1362), the nephew, obtained a grant of free warren in his demesne lands of Kingsclere in 1346, and was succeeded by his son, Sir William de Melton (MP for Yorkshire) who died in 1399.
- William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury, to whom the advowson was sold for 500 marks by Edward III in 1336. He then passed it onto the monastery of Bisham.
- Pope Clement VI (1291-1352), (Pope 1342-1352), previously Peter, archbishop of Rouen 1331–1338, a.k.a. Peter III Roger de Beaufort.
- William of Wykeham, (died 1404), bishop and local magnate (Burghclere, Highclere and Earlstone).
- William Fauconer (died 1412), JP (Hants, 1407–1412), MP for Hampshire, 1407 and 1411, buried in St. Mary's.
- Anne of Cleves, rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of Kingsclere fell again into the hands of the king, who in 1541 granted them to Anne of Cleves. On her death in 1557 they reverted to William, Marquess of Winchester.
- Sir George Darcy, 1544 sold the manor to Sir William Paulet, Lord St. John.
- Ingram Frizer, murderer of Christopher Marlowe. Born in Kingsclere 1561, died 1627.
- Mary Johnson, a Negro, buried Kingsclere, 18 May 1713.
- Various Dukes of Wellington owned some of Kingsclere and Wolverton. The great Duke of Wellington,(1769-1852), gave £300 towards the 1848 remodeling of the church.
- Sir James Lancaster VI (c.1554-1618) was an Elizabethan trader, privateer and philanthropist. Endowed Kingsclere £30 per annum.
- Francis Cottington, 1st Baron Cottington (ca. 1579 – 1652), possessor of Freemantle from 1631.
- Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea (1661 – 1720), Anne Kingsmill, a.k.a. Lady Finch, gave a pulpit cushion.
- William Mount (1753–1815) of Wasing Place and others conveyed North Oakley manor to Oliver Cromwell of Cheshunt Park, Hertfordshire, the last direct male descendant of Henry Cromwell, the Protector's fourth son, in 1787.
- Sir Wyndham Spencer Portal, 1st Bt., (1822–1905), of Laverstoke, local philanthropist who paid for some of church's 1848 re-fit. A younger brother of Melville Portal.
- Colonel the Hon. George Hysteron-Proteron, CB (c. 1874—1942). Created by J. K. Stanford.
- Lt. Col. John Keith Stanford OBE MC (1892–1971), Stanton's farm. Soldier, civil servant, writer and part owner of Stanford's Ltd, cartographer.
- James Stanford, OBE, director general of the Leonard Cheshire Foundation, and organiser of the Liberty and Livelihood Countryside March, 2002. Grew up at Stanton's farm.
- David Howell, Lord Howell of Guildford, opened the Kingsclere bypass on 13 September 1982.
- Lord Lloyd-Webber lives at Sydmonton Court, near Kingsclere.
- Tom Croft England International Rugby Player grew up in Kingsclere.
- Ralph Dellor, cricket journalist.
- Kit Malthouse, sitting MP for North-West Hampshire, which includes Kingsclere.
Walter Merton (died 1277). Rector in 1263 and founder of Merton College, Oxford.
Kingsclere's Pope: Clement VI (1291-1352), previously Peter, archbishop of Rouen 1331–1338.
Lord Cottington (died 1652), of Cottington, Freemantle from 1631.
Lord St. John (a.k.a. Marquess of Winchester) bought Frobury manor in 1546 and Kingsclere circa 1544.
John Porter, who trained horses just south of Kingsclere, 1867–1905.
Some renowned rectors
- Walter de Mertone, rector in 1263 and later Bishop of Rochester (c. 1205 – 27 October 1277), and founder of Merton College, Oxford.
- Robert de Wyville, rector 1326-29, then Bishop of Salisbury.
- John Drokensford (died 9 May 1329), sometime rector of Kingsclere, and later Bishop of Bath and Wells.
- Alexander de Bykenore (1260s? – 14 July 1349), sometime rector of Kingsclere, and then Archbishop of Dublin (1317-1349), Lord Treasurer of Ireland (1307–1309) and Lord Chancellor of Ireland.
- William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester (c.1485-1572), KG, a local magnate and statesman, of Old Basing and parts of Kingsclere.
- John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester.
- Six Dukes of Bolton and their heirs, sometime patrons and owners of large parts of Kingsclere.
- The Reverend Charles Powlett, (1728-1809), Vicar of Kingsclere, 19 July 1769 - 15 February 1773. Chaplain to his nephew dukes of Bolton. Cricket pioneer.
- Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton, PC (1740 – 1807), MP (1780–1796). Governor of the Isle of Wight (1791–1807) and Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (1800–1807), inherited (c. 1794) estates, including Hackwood Park, Bolton Castle and Bolton Hall, of the Dukes of Bolton through his wife, Jean Mary Browne-Powlett, love-child, natural, illegitimate daughter of Charles Powlett, 5th Duke of Bolton KB, PC (c. 1718 – 1765).
- William Orde-Powlett, 2nd Lord Bolton (1782-1850) married (1810) Hon Maria Carleton (1777-1863), daughter of Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, KB (1724-1808). In 1848 Bolton gave £500 for the church's remodeling and £700 in particular for the chancel's restoration.
- Lady Algitha Orde-Powlett (1847-1919) (from 1895 Lady Bolton) daughter of Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough, who married (1868) Hon. William Orde-Powlett (1845-1922), FSA, from 1895 the 4th Lord Bolton.
- Many of the Dukes of Bolton were dedicated breeders and owners of race-horses. For most of the eighteenth century they had a race-course at nearby Kempshott.
- Sir Francis Blake Delaval, KB (1727 – 1771), M.P. for Andover 1754 - 1768, married (1750), Lady Isabella Powlett, widow of Lord Nassau Powlett, M.P., son of second Duke of Bolton. Lived occasionally at Cannon Heath.
- John Savile, 1st Earl of Mexborough (1719 – 1778), at Cannon Heath, where in 1766 Samuel Foote had his famous leg injury as a result of horse-play. Foote wrote many letters to David Garrick from Cannon Heath.
- Duke of Cumberland (1745 – 1790), had some horses at Cannon Heath.
- Sir John Lade, 2nd Baronet (1759–1838), lived occasionally at Cannon Heath circa 1805.
- Sir Joseph Henry Hawley, 3rd Baronet (1813–75), racehorse owner, (operated in converted farm buildings at Cannons Heath, with a young John Porter employed as his private trainer, and later built a new yard in 1867).
- John Wells (1833 - 1873), a.k.a. Wells the jockey.
- John Porter, (1838-1922), great racehorse trainer, brought to Kingsclere by Hawley. Buried in St. Mary's churchyard. Church warden from 1899.
- William John Arthur Charles James Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th Duke of Portland, KG, GCVO, TD, PC, DL, (1857 – 1943).
- Frederick Stanley Butters (1888-1967), trained at Kingsclere 1934-1939, Park House stables then owned by Captain Arnold Stancomb Wills (1877-1961), of W.D. & H.O. Wills. (Brother of Frank Butters).
- Lawrence Lee (1909 – 2011), designed a stained glass window for Peter Hastings-Bass in Kingsclere.
- Peter Robin Hood Hastings-Bass (1920–1964), trainer.
- Priscilla Victoria Hastings (1920-2010), owner and trainer. Director of The Tote. Daughter of Sir Malcolm Bullock (1890-1966), soldier and MP for Waterloo, 1923-1950, by Lady Victoria Stanley, daughter of Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby (1865-1948), soldier, Conservative politician (MP & Peer), diplomat and racehorse owner.
- Eclipse (1764-1789), Orme (1889-1915), Isonomy (1875-1891), Blue Gown (1865-1880), Ormonde 1883-1904), Flying Fox (1896–1911), Friar's Balsam (1885–1899), La Fleche (1889–1916), Paradox (1882–1890), Shotover (1879–1898), Common (1888–1912), Winkipop (1907–1931), Mid-day Sun (1934–1954), Mill Reef (1968–1986), Casual Look (2000-), racehorses.
- Ian Balding (1938-), trainer.
- William Edward Robin Hood Hastings-Bass, 17th Earl of Huntingdon, LVO (1948-), trainer.
- Clare Balding and her brother Andrew grew up in Kingsclere.
The manor of Frobury is the western part of the modern parish of Kingsclere. In addition to Frobury the manors of North Oakley, Hannington, Sydmonton, Edmundsthorp Benham (Headley, and Beenham Court or Cheam School) and Ecchinswell used to be a part of the parish of Kingsclere.
Highclere, Kingsclere and Basingstoke Light Railway
The Highclere, Kingsclere and Basingstoke Light Railway was a proposed (circa 1896-1900) light railway connecting the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway (DNSR) with the London and South Western Railway (LSWR). Despite public support of the railway proposal, sufficient funding was never obtained and the idea was abandoned.
- Highclere, Kingsclere and Basingstoke Light Railway, proposed in 1900 but never constructed
- Kingsclere and Whitchurch Rural District
- List of places in Hampshire
- List of civil parishes in Hampshire
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- VCH, Hampshire, 1911. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=56801
- Paul B. Hitchings 'Great Hampshire Families: The Kingsmills of Sydmonton', Hampshire, October 1963, page 24.
- "Kingsclere Heritage Association". The Bedbug Recorder (Edition One). Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- Walter de Gray Birch, Cartularium saxonicum: a collection of charters relating to Anglo-Saxon history 1883-1893: ii, 178, 182.
- Birch, Cart. Sax. ii, 357–9.
- Birch, Cart. Sax. ii, 530–3.
- Birch, Cart. Sax. iii, 268–9.
- Close, 2 Henry III, m. 2
- Warner's History of Hampshire, 1795
- Post Office Directory of Hants (1848)
- Victoria County History, A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 4, William Page, ed. 1911.
- Hants N. and Q., v, 103–4, and Ex inform, the Rev. A. T. Finch, via VCH, Hants, 1911, ibid
- By 1241 one eighth of Tidgrove had passed into the possession of the Augustinian Priory of Sandleford in Berkshire.
- Essays in the early history of Kingsclere, by Rev. Robert R. Legg, Whitchurch, 2002.
- De Banc. R. 348, m. 370 d., via VCH, 1911
- A grant of money (muniments of St George's Chapel, Windsor: SGC XV.54.5), dated between 1217-1223, Frobury, Hampshire. Grant by Edelina de Broch, widow, to the Canons of the Church of Saint John the Baptist, Sandleford of 40s. and 8d. from her inheritance in Frollebire [Frobury] for the maintenance of a Canon Chantry Priest, for the souls of herself, her father, Randulf de Broch, and Dametta, her mother, and Stephen de Turneham, her husband. Such money to be received from Henry de Wudecote, Walter de Clera, Hugh de Swantun, Joceus de Brikeull, William Furmentin of Spenes, Symon Cath, Wulfric de Marisco, Nicholas de Wullavintun, John Trull. Witnesses: Peter [de Rupibus], Bishop of Winchester, William Prior of Syreburn [Sherbourne], Dan Roger de Leburna, William de Stanes and William de Sorewull, Sheriff of the County of Southampton, Henry de Wudecott, Henry de Fernlehd, Thomas Croc, Roger Lanceleue, John de Hamtun, John de Wultun, Walter de Clera, William de Edmundesdrop, William Toli seneschel of the donor, Master Wlater de Syreburne, Robert Fitzbernard of Hamtun, Richard, Clerk of Clera, Henry Blakemy, Wlater Clerk of the donor, Hugh de Swantun, Master Walter, Joceus de Brikeull, Bartholomew Crok, Richard Fitzruald, John his brother, Thomas the clerk.
- Chart. R. 20 Edw. III, m. 4.
- Vide Harl. Soc. Publ. xvi, 203.
- The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, edited by J. S. Roskell, L. Clark, and C. Rawcliffe, 1993
- Chart. R. 10 Edw. III, m. 3; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 111 (via VCH, 1911).
- Close, 11 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 13d.; Pat. 11 Edw. III, pt. i, m. 4. (via VCH, 1911).
- Bishop Wykeham's bailiff of Sutton, Alresford and Cheriton, Hants 18 April 1401-c.1405; Bishop Beaufort's bailiff of Highclere, c. Michaelmas 1405–1412.
- L.S. Woodger in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386–1421, edited by J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe, 1993.
- L. and P. Hen. VIII, xvi, 717. She presented to the vicarage in 1543 (Egerton MS. 2034, fol. 166 d.).
- Burials at St. Mary's Parish Church, Kingsclere, Hants 1680 to 1880, Extracted by Barrie Brinkman 2010 - 11 (v2.0)
- Possibly connected to Anthony Johnson (colonist).
- Capt. A. S. Wills, Middleton House, Longparish, purchased 60 acres of land at Kingsclere belonging to the Duke of Wellington's Parliamentary estates, 1940-1946, (Museum of English Rural Life: Wellington/1298).
- Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington|Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS.
- The story of the parish church at Clere, by Arthur Thomas Finch (died 1920), MA, Winchester & London, 1905.
- Isle of Wight County Press, Saturday June 17th 1939, page 5.
- Daily Telegraph, December 30, 2016.
- Kingsclere A Social history, by Margaret Ingham, Kingsclere, 2008, page 53.
- "20 famous people with links to the Basingstoke area". Basingstoke Gazette. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Kitson, Robert (20 March 2009). "England's Mr Anonymous on the fast track to world stardom". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Constable of the Tower of London and lord-lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets. Seemingly from near today's Anchor road showing the duke in front of the pre-1848 church of St. Mary's, Kingsclere, and the back of Swan street. This picture is now in the Government Art Collection on loan to the Royal Armories in Leeds. Possibly painted by James Seymour, but probably not.
- Eldest natural son of the 3rd Duke of Bolton by Lavinia Fenton.
- One of the committee which revised the laws of cricket, at the Star and Garter in Pall Mall, February 25, 1774 and a renowned Hampshire hunting man. Author of many hunting songs. (http://db.theclergydatabase.org.uk/)
- Finch, 1905.
- Briefly at Cannon Heath.
- Trained by William Waugh for the Dukes of Wellington and Portland.
- Ian Balding, Making the Running: A Racing Life, Headline Publishing Group, Hachette, London, 2004.
- "RAILWAY MANIA". Kingsclere: Its History and Its People. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Edwards, Cliff (2000). Railway records. Richmond: Public Record Office. p. 157. ISBN 1903365104.
- Kingsclere – A place and its people (1987)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kingsclere.|
- Clare, Clere, and Clères A paper on the origin of the name.
- Kingsclere Parish Council
- Kingsclere: Its heritage and genealogy
- Kingsclere, history from the website of Hampshire County Council
- A Vision of Britain through Time: Kingsclere
- Hampshire Treasures: Volume 2 (Basingstoke and Deane) Pages 147, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, and 163.
- Kingsclere census data 2001