Kingscote railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kingscote
Kingscote Railway Station waiting carriage.JPG
A carriage set waits at the station
Location
Place Turners Hill
Area Mid Sussex, West Sussex
Coordinates 51°06′11″N 0°02′55″W / 51.1031°N 0.0486°W / 51.1031; -0.0486Coordinates: 51°06′11″N 0°02′55″W / 51.1031°N 0.0486°W / 51.1031; -0.0486
Grid reference TQ366356
Operations
Managed by London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
Owned by Southern Railway
Southern Region of British Railways
Bluebell Railway
Platforms 2
History
1882 Station opened
1955 Station closed
1994 Line reopened
2013 line to East Grinstead reopened
Stations on heritage railways in the United Kingdom
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Kingscote railway station is a preserved railway station on the heritage Bluebell Railway, located in West Sussex, England.

History[edit]

The station was opened in 1882, and as it was constructed under the influence of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR), a then substantial provision of £17,000 was made to construct each two-platform through station on the line.[1] The line's stations were designed to visually appeal to Victorian London-commuters, who had travelled into the Sussex countryside looking for either a commuter property, or country cottage for the weekend.[1]

Designed in the then fashionable "Domestic Revival" style (similar to the later Tudor Revival architecture style), located on the westwards facing No.1 upside platform, the lavish main station building was designed as a two-storey villa with a T-shaped footprint, with a single storey wing each side: booking office and toilets to the north; waiting room and storage to the south.[1] All of this structure was fronted both sides by a timber-supported hipped canopy, which like all of the other buildings carried a hipped slate roof.[1] The station had substantial sidings and a livestock loading dock located just to the north of No.1 platform.[1] The downside No.2 platform was connected to the main buildings by a 50 feet (15 m) glazed footbridge, and had a similar timber-supported canopy which fronted a wooden waiting room.[1] The signal box was located on the north end of No.2 platform, and also controlled a single siding to the north of platform No.2.[1]

Located in an area remote from any significant residential or commercial development, the station became known as the quietest on the LB&SCR.[2] Were it not for the wood and logging trade which was undertaken on leased land within the station site, it is likely that the Southern Railway would have closed the loss-making station to passengers in the 1920s.[2] Resultantly, in 1910 the goods shed was moved to Horsted Keynes, and the northern sidings complex greatly simplified. In the 1930s, the Southern Railway removed many of the superfluous LB&SCR decorations, and shortened the downside facilities to what was basically an open-plan shelter located next to the footbridge.[1]

Closure[edit]

The station closed on 29 May 1955. As it was not one of the named locations in the Bluebell's original Act of Parliament, it - along with Barcombe - remained closed when the line reopened from August 1956 to the second line closure in March 1958. The tracks were lifted by contractors in 1963, after which the site was sold to the original land owner. In the 1970s, the station was redeveloped as a fully residential house, with the downside No.2 platform demolished to allow substantial landscaping for a garden.[2]

Preservation[edit]

The majority of the former station site, minus a commercial yard on the site of the pre-1910 sidings which is currently used by a builder's merchants, was acquired by the Bluebell Railway Extension Company Ltd (the legal vehicle used by the charitable Bluebell Railway Society to buy the former land on which the railway had run, and undertake reconstruction of the line northwards), in the 1980s.

After a public enquiry into the line's extension plans north from Horsted Keynes, and having gained planning permission for the whole redevelopment to East Grinstead, the railway was first extended to a loop just north of the now demolished West Hoathly to allow rebuilding of New Coombe bridge. This gave access to the station site at Kingscote, where an initial run-around loop was installed. After reconstruction of the former downside No.2 platform, the station was reopened in 1994. To comply with the extension's planning permission, the station has no public car parking.[2]

From its reopening in 1994 to 2013, the station acted as the northern terminus of the Bluebell Railway, until the extension to East Grinstead was opened.[2]

Present[edit]

Since reopening the station, it has been adopted by a local "friends" group, who tend to both the daily needs of operations and plan the Society's long term development projects. This has included the installation of a new signal box (which since completion of the extension northwards to East Grinstead in 2013, also includes an electronic panel to control that station's operations),[2] and lengthening of the loop lengths and platforms to cope with the normal operation of seven coach length trains.[2] During the winter most trains use platform No.1, whilst during the summer season No.2 is used more often because it has access to the picnic area and refreshment stand.

The stations reinstalled small goods yard, in which it is planned (under Bluebell's Long Term Plan) to recreate an authentic working 1950s country goods yard complete with Yard Crane, Cattle Pens and Coal Staithes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Preceding station Heritage Railways  Heritage railways Following station
East Grinstead   Bluebell Railway   Horsted Keynes
Historical railways
East Grinstead
Line and station open
  London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
Lewes and East Grinstead Railway
  West Hoathly
Line open, station closed