Kingston, Pennsylvania

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Kingston, Pennsylvania
Borough
Aerial view of Kingston
Aerial view of Kingston
Motto(s): "A Great Place to Call Home"[1]
Location of Kingston in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Kingston in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
Kingston is located in Pennsylvania
Kingston
Kingston
Location of Kingston in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
Kingston is located in the US
Kingston
Kingston
Kingston (the US)
Coordinates: 41°16′N 75°53′W / 41.267°N 75.883°W / 41.267; -75.883Coordinates: 41°16′N 75°53′W / 41.267°N 75.883°W / 41.267; -75.883
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLuzerne
Settled1771
Incorporated1857
Government
 • TypeHome rule (strong executive/appointed manager)
 • MayorPaul Roberts, Jr.
Area[2]
 • Total2.21 sq mi (5.72 km2)
 • Land2.13 sq mi (5.51 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation545 ft (166 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total13,182
 • Estimate (2016)[3]12,861
 • Density6,043.70/sq mi (2,333.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code18704
Area code(s)570
FIPS code42-39784
WebsiteKingston Borough, Pennsylvania

Kingston is a borough in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located on the western bank of the Susquehanna River opposite Wilkes-Barre City. Kingston was first settled in the early 1770s; it was later incorporated as a borough in 1857. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,182, making it the most populous borough in the county.[4]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Drawing of a Susquehannock (1624)

In the early 1660s, King Charles II owed Admiral Sir William Penn a large sum of money. To settle this debt, he granted Penn’s son, William, a territory in North America, which later became known as Pennsylvania. However, Connecticut also claimed a portion of this land.

Count Zinzendorf was one of the first people to take an interest in the Wyoming Valley. In 1742, he came to the region to convert the Native Americans to Christianity. At the time, the valley was inhabited by several Native American tribes (including the Susquehannock and the Delaware).

His reports led a group of Connecticut settlers to form the Connecticut Susquehanna Company. This company bought the land from the natives. In 1768, they met in Hartford, Connecticut, and decided to survey and divide the territory into five townships (each one was five square miles). The plan was to sell and divide each township among forty settlers. The first forty pioneers took possession of Kingston Township.

By the late 1760s, both Connecticut and Pennsylvania settlers fought over this territory. The conflict was eventually settled in the 1780s. The disputed land was granted to Pennsylvania. The location of modern-day Kingston became part of Northumberland County. However, Connecticut settlers remained determined to create a new state in northeastern Pennsylvania. Timothy Pickering was sent to the region to politically examine the situation. This led to the Pennsylvania Assembly passing a resolution which created Luzerne County. This ended the idea of creating a new state. Luzerne County was created from part of Northumberland County. Under Pickering’s leadership and direction, county elections were held, the courts were established, and a government was formed.[5]

The Revolutionary War[edit]

During the Revolutionary War, British forces arrived in the Wyoming Valley on June 30, 1778. The next day — July 1 — Colonel Butler sent a surrender demand to the militia at Fort Wintermute (Wintermoot). Terms were arranged that the defenders, after surrendering the fort with all their arms, would be released on the condition that they would not again bear arms during the war. The American militia at Fort Wintermute surrendered that same day. Several miles away, Fort Jenkins (a Patriot stockade in present-day West Pittston) also capitulated. It was later burned to the ground. [6]

On July 3, the British spotted the American militia near Forty Fort. Butler wanted to lure the Americans away from their fortifications. He ordered for Fort Wintermute to be set ablaze. The Patriots, believing it signified a British retreat, advanced rapidly. British soldiers, with the assistance of about 700 Native Americans, ambushed the oncoming American militia. In the end, nearly 300 Wyoming Valley settlers were killed in what would be known as the Wyoming Massacre. Today, in the Borough of Wyoming, a monument marks the gravesite of the victims from the battle. [7]

The next morning, July 4, Colonel Nathan Denison agreed to surrender Forty Fort and two other posts, along with what remained of his militia. Butler paroled them on their promise to take no part in further hostilities. Non-combatants were spared and only a few inhabitants were molested after the forts capitulated.[8][9][10][11] The war ended in 1783 when America finally gained its independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Incorporation[edit]

The community has a rich history in American education. It is said that the first public school in Pennsylvania was erected in Kingston (in the 1770s).[12] The borough is also home to the Upper School of Wyoming Seminary, a prestigious college preparatory school founded in 1844. During the first year, it enrolled 31 students (17 boys and 14 girls). Today, Wyoming Seminary's historic campus hosts roughly 450 students.

Kingston witnessed a population boom after the construction and operation of the Lackawanna and Bloomsburg Railroad. It was incorporated as a borough on November 23, 1857. The borough is named after Kingston, Rhode Island.[5] The first election for the community was held on December 15, 1857. Ruben Jones was elected burgess and justice of the peace. Some of the first council members elected included Bestor Payne, Marshall G. Whitney, Reuben Marcy, Thomas Pringle, and Richard Hutching.[13]

In 1923, the Kingston Armory was built. On September 11, 1950, 33 guardsmen from the 109th Field Artillery Regiment were killed in a train accident near Coshocton, Ohio. In the following days, the dead were moved to the Kingston Armory, where the remains were relinquished to the grief-stricken families.[14]

Coal mining was a chief industry in and around Kingston prior to the Knox Mine Disaster. The 1959 tragedy essentially shut down the mining industry in and around the borough.[15] In June 1972, Kingston was devastated by the flooding of Hurricane Agnes. The hurricane wreaked havoc on Kingston and neighboring Wilkes-Barre, causing a state of emergency. The natural disaster earned national attention and a visit from President Richard Nixon, who recruited Wyoming Seminary graduate Frank Carlucci (Nixon's head of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) as a point man to oversee flood recovery efforts. After the flood, Kingston adopted a home rule charter. It became effective in January 1976.

Kingston in the early 20th century
Kingston High School
Former Presbyterian Church in Kingston
The Bell Tower, Wyoming Seminary

Geography[edit]

An aerial view of Wyoming Seminary (near Downtown Kingston)
PA 309 as it runs through Kingston and the surrounding communities

The Borough of Kingston lies within the Wyoming Valley of Northeastern Pennsylvania. It is situated on the western bank of the Susquehanna River in the northern half of Luzerne County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), of which 2.1 square miles (5.5 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.2 km2), or 3.61%, is water.[16] It is separated from Wilkes-Barre by the Susquehanna River and the boundary of Kirby Park. Its numbered routes are U.S. Route 11 and Pennsylvania Route 309, which follows the Cross Valley Expressway from the Back Mountain area to Interstate 81 and Route 115 east of Wilkes-Barre City. Market Street and Pierce Street connect Kingston with center city via bridges.

Besides neighboring Wilkes-Barre, Kingston also borders the communities of Edwardsville, Pringle, Luzerne, and Forty Fort. The Borough of Kingston is served by the Wilkes-Barre Wyoming Valley Airport (near Forty Fort) and the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport (in Pittston Township).

Climate[edit]

Kingston has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa/Dfb) with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold with a January average of 25.8 °F (−3.4 °C).[17] The surrounding mountains have an influence on the climate (including both precipitation and temperatures), leading to wide variations within a short distance.[18] On average, temperatures below 0 °F (−17.8 °C) are infrequent, occurring 3 days per year, and there are 36 days where the maximum temperature remains below 32 °F (0.0 °C).[18] The average annual snowfall is 46.2 inches (117 cm) during the winter (in which severe snowstorms are rare).[18] However, when snowstorms do occur, they can disrupt normal routines for several days.[18]

Summers are warm with a July average of 71.4 °F (21.9 °C).[17] In an average summer, temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32.2 °C) occur on 9 days and can occasionally exceed 100 °F (37.8 °C).[19] Spring and fall are unpredictable with temperatures ranging from cold to warm (although they are usually mild). On average, Kingston receives 38.2 inches (970 mm) of precipitation each year, which is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year (though the summer months receive more precipitation).[19] Extreme temperatures range from −21 °F (−29.4 °C) on January 21, 1994, to 103 °F (39.4 °C) on July 9, 1936.[19] Kingston averages 2,303 hours of sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 96 hours in December (or 33% of possible sunshine) to 286 hours in July (or 62% of possible sunshine).[20]


Demographics[edit]

Former Presbyterian church in Kingston (now a Montessori school)
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860638
18701,14379.2%
18801,41824.1%
18902,38167.9%
19003,84661.5%
19106,44967.7%
19208,95238.8%
193021,600141.3%
194020,679−4.3%
195021,0962.0%
196020,261−4.0%
197018,325−9.6%
198015,681−14.4%
199014,507−7.5%
200013,855−4.5%
201013,182−4.9%
Est. 201612,861[3]−2.4%
Sources:[22][23][24][25]

As of the census[24] of 2000, there were 13,855 people, 6,065 households, and 3,372 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,461.6 people per square mile (2,499.7/km2). There were 6,555 housing units at an average density of 3,057.1 per square mile (1,182.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.84% White, 0.77% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 6,065 households, out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.4% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 19.7% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 24.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $33,611, and the median income for a family was $45,578. Males had a median income of $34,069 versus $24,482 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,568. About 8.2% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

59.27% of the people in Kingston, Pennsylvania, are religious – meaning they affiliate with a religion. 43.77% are Catholic; 0.28% are LDS; 2.33% are another Christian faith; 0.78% are Jewish; 0.00% are an eastern faith; and 0.51% practice Islam.[26]

Government[edit]

Kingston operates under a home rule charter, which became effective in January 1976. The executive branch consists of a mayor and a full-time municipal administrator. The legislative function is vested in a seven-member council.

Executive[edit]

The current mayor is Paul Roberts; he assumed office in 2018. His predecessor was James J. Haggerty (who served from 1998–2018).[27] The current administrator is Paul Keating (who served since 1997).[28]

Legislative[edit]

Members of the borough council:

  • Council President Robert Thompson, Jr. (Republican, 1998–present)
  • Council Vice President Sandra Kase (Republican, 2006–present)
  • Robert Rowlands (Republican, 1999–present)
  • Nancy Cooper (Republican, 2000–present)
  • Jack Schumacher (Republican, 2000–present)
  • Anthony Dicton (Republican, 2014–present)
  • Robert F. Jacobs (Republican, 2015–present)[29]

Politics[edit]

In June 2012, the borough was 54 percent Democratic, a reversal from the early 1990s when it was a 60 percent Republican borough.

State and federal representation[edit]

Public safety[edit]

Police[edit]

The Kingston Police Department consists of 19 sworn members. It is the third largest department in Luzerne County. The police provide full-time protection for its citizens, visitors, businesses, and public property. The department is made up of a Special Victims Unit (SVU), K-9 unit, Patrol Division, Criminal Investigation Division, and a Special Investigations Division (SID).[30] The current chief of police is Michael Krzywicki.[30]

Firefighters[edit]

The Kingston Fire Department provides full-time emergency firefighting and fire protection services for the borough. Today's department operates from its headquarters at 600 Wyoming Avenue in Kingston. It consists of 23 career and around 30 volunteer firefighters. The current fire chief is Frank Guido.[31]

Education and health[edit]

Wyoming Valley West School District (seen in orange)
Hoyt Library

The borough has a rich history in American education. It is said that the first public school in Pennsylvania was erected in Kingston (in the 1770s).[12] The borough is part of the Wyoming Valley West School District.

Public and private schools[edit]

  • Graham Academy
  • Jenny Lynn Ferraro Academy
  • Pringle Street Elementary School
  • Wyoming Seminary Upper School
  • Wyoming Valley Montessori School
  • Wyoming Valley West Middle School

Libraries[edit]

  • Hoyt Library

Hospitals[edit]

Culture[edit]

In film and television[edit]

The 2013 film The English Teacher is set in Kingston, though it was not filmed there. The film features several references to the Wyoming Valley region, including a mention of Wilkes University.

Music[edit]

In 2003, the rock band Title Fight was formed in Kingston.

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

In addition to Fleck Hall on the campus of Wyoming Seminary, the Kingston Armory and Market Street Bridge are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[32]

Notable people[edit]

Frank Zane, bodybuilder and three-time Mr. Olympia, was born in Kingston.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Official records for Avoca/Wilkes-Barre–Scranton kept at downtown Scranton from January 1901 to 17 April 1955 and at Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport since 18 April 1955.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kingston Borough, Pennsylvania". Kingston Borough, Pennsylvania. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Kingston borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  5. ^ a b http://kingstonpa.org/history
  6. ^ Baillie, William. "The Wyoming Massacre and Columbia County". Columbia County Historical and Genealogical Society. Archived from the original on April 28, 2003. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  7. ^ Jenkins, Steuben (3 July 1878). Historical Address at the Wyoming Monument (Speech). 100th Anniversary of the Battle and Massacre of Wyoming. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  8. ^ Graymont, p. 172
  9. ^ Pearce, Annals of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1860)
  10. ^ Smith, History of Wyoming Valley (Kingston, Pa., 1906)
  11. ^ https://www.myrevolutionarywar.com/battles/780703-wyomimg-valley/
  12. ^ a b http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/kingston.htm
  13. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/kingston.htm
  14. ^ http://www.koreanwar-educator.org/topics/homefront/p_troop_train.htm
  15. ^ https://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/det.4a07285/
  16. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kingston borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  17. ^ a b c "Station Name: PA WILKES-BARRE INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  18. ^ a b c d "Local Climatological Data–Annual Summary with Comparative Data: Wilkes–Barre/Scranton" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  19. ^ a b c d "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
  20. ^ a b "NOAA". NOAA.
  21. ^ ThreadEx
  22. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  23. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  24. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  25. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  26. ^ http://www.bestplaces.net/religion/city/pennsylvania/kingston
  27. ^ http://kingstonpa.org/government/borough-officials
  28. ^ "Kingston Borough". kingstonpa.org. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
  29. ^ "Luzerne County : Election Results Archive". www.luzernecounty.org. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
  30. ^ a b http://kingstonpa.org/services/police
  31. ^ http://kingstonpa.org/services/fire
  32. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.