Kingston Deverill

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Kingston Deverill
2012 - B3095 near the bottom of Kings Hill into Kingston Deverill (geograph 2868748).jpg
Approach to the village and St Mary's church; Whitepits in background
Kingston Deverill is located in Wiltshire
Kingston Deverill
Kingston Deverill
Location within Wiltshire
Population248 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid referenceST846371
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWARMINSTER
Postcode districtBA12
Dialling code01985
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
WebsiteParish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°07′59″N 2°13′16″W / 51.133°N 2.221°W / 51.133; -2.221Coordinates: 51°07′59″N 2°13′16″W / 51.133°N 2.221°W / 51.133; -2.221

Kingston Deverill is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. Its nearest towns are Mere, about 3 12 miles (6 km) to the southwest, and Warminster, about 5 miles (8 km) to the northeast. The parish and its demographic figures include the village of Monkton Deverill.

To the north of the village, under the slope of Cold Kitchen Hill, is the hamlet of Whitepits. The parish is in the Deverill Valley which carries the upper waters of the River Wylye. The six villages of the valley – Kingston, Monkton, Brixton Deverill, Hill Deverill, Longbridge Deverill and Crockerton – are known as the Deverills.

History[edit]

The area has many bowl barrows, from the Bronze Age or earlier, including one close to the present church.[2] On Whitepits Down is a long linear earthwork from a similar era.[3]

The site of a Romano-Celtic temple on Whitecliff Down in the north of the parish is surrounded by evidence of occupation in the Iron Age and earlier.[4] Two Roman roads crossed at the ford at Kingston Deverill.[5]

A small settlement of nine households was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, when the land was held by the canons of Lisieux.[6] Ownership was then taken by the Crown, hence the Kingston prefix.[5] The population of the parish reached 420 at the census of 1841, then declined to 176 in 1901[1] as mechanisation of agriculture reduced employment.[5]

Local government[edit]

River Wylye at Kingston Deverill

Until 1934, Monkton Deverill was a separate parish.[7]

The parish elects Upper Deverills Parish Council jointly with neighbouring Brixton Deverill.[8] It falls within the area of the Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Parish church[edit]

Church of St Mary the Virgin

The Church of England parish church of St Mary is from the 15th century. Restoration in 1846 included the rebuilding of the nave, south aisle and chancel. The font is 12th-century.[9][10]

The church was designated as Grade II* listed in 1968.[9] The tower has six bells, cast in 1731 by William Cockey, but they are at present unringable.[11]

The chapelry of Monkton Deverill was transferred to Kingston from Longbridge Deverill in 1892.[12] The small church of King Alfred at Monkton Deverill was made redundant in 1971.[13]

From December 1954 the benefice was held in plurality with that of Brixton Deverill.[14] In 1972 the parish of The Deverills and Horningsham[15] was formed by uniting the parishes of Brixton Deverill, Kingston Deverill with Monkton Deverill, and Longbridge Deverill with Crockerton and Hill Deverill.[16] Today the parish, together with the parish of Corsley and Chapmanslade, is part of the Cley Hill Churches benefice.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 16 February 2015. Note ONS raw data encapsulates 'too small to publish all data for reasons of confidentiality of living people' Brixton Deverill in the parish data being here identical to output area E00163628 so more demographic statistics will become available in a few decades from 2011
  2. ^ Historic England. "Bowl barrow 50m west of St Mary's Church (1010404)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Linear boundary on Bidcombe Down and Whitepits Down (1016904)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Romano-Celtic temple and late prehistoric midden (1017314)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Kingston Deverill". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  6. ^ (Kingston) Deveril in the Domesday Book
  7. ^ "Kingston Deverill". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  8. ^ "Upper Deverills Parish Council". Wiltshire Community Web. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  9. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St. Mary (1364367)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Kingston Deverill". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Kingston Deverill". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  12. ^ "No. 26303". The London Gazette. 1 July 1892. pp. 3794–6.
  13. ^ "No. 45391". The London Gazette. 8 June 1971. p. 6035.
  14. ^ "No. 40376". The London Gazette. 4 January 1955. p. 99.
  15. ^ "The Deverills and Horningsham". A Church Near You. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  16. ^ "No. 45829". The London Gazette. 17 November 1972. p. 13629.
  17. ^ "History". Cley Hill Churches. Retrieved 21 November 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kingston Deverill at Wikimedia Commons