Kingston University

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kingston University London
MottoLatin: Per Scientiam Progredimur [1]
Motto in English
"Through Learning We Progress" [1]
Established1992; 29 years ago (1992) – gained University Status
1899; 122 years ago (1899) – Kingston Technical Institute
Endowment£2.3 m (2015)[2]
Vice-ChancellorSteven Spier[3]
Students18,070 (2019/20)[4]
Undergraduates12,770 (2019/20)[4]
Postgraduates5,300 (2019/20)[4]
Penrhyn Road, Kingston upon Thames, London KT1 2EE
United Kingdom

51°24′13″N 0°18′14″W / 51.4035°N 0.3039°W / 51.4035; -0.3039Coordinates: 51°24′13″N 0°18′14″W / 51.4035°N 0.3039°W / 51.4035; -0.3039
ColoursBlue and White    
AffiliationsAssociation of MBAs
University Alliance
Universities UK
Logo of Kingston University

Kingston University London is a public research university located within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, in South West London, England. Its roots go back to the Kingston Technical Institute, founded in 1899. It received university status in 1992, before which the institution was known as Kingston Polytechnic.

Kingston has 16,820 students and a turnover of £192 million.[5] It has four campuses situated in Kingston and Roehampton. The university specialises in the arts, design, fashion, science, engineering, and business and is organised into four faculties: Kingston School of Art, Faculty of Business and Social Sciences (which combines Kingston Business School and the School of Law, Social and Behavioural Sciences), Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education and Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing. The Kingston Business School is CNAA MBA degree approved. In 2017, the university won The Guardian University Award for teaching excellence.[6] Kingston is a member of the European University Association, the Association of Commonwealth Universities and University Alliance group.


Kingston was founded as Kingston Technical Institute in 1899, it offered courses in chemistry, electrical wiring, construction and nursing. In 1917 Gipsy Hill College for teacher training opened, a predecessor of Kingston University. In 1930 the Kingston School of Art separated from the Technical Institute, later to become Kingston College of Art in 1945. In 1946 Gipsy Hill College moved to Kingston Hill. In 1951, the first Penryhn Road campus buildings opened. Kingston was recognised as a 'Regional College of Technology' by the Ministry of Education in 1957. In 1970, the College of Technology merged with the College of Art to become Kingston Polytechnic, offering 34 major courses, of which 17 were at degree level.[7] In 1975, Kingston merged with the Gipsy Hill College of Education, incorporating the College's faculty into Kingston's Division of Educational Studies.[8]

Kingston was granted university status under the Further and Higher Education Act 1992. In 1993, Kingston opened the Roehampton Vale campus building and in 1995, Kingston acquired Dorich House.

Campuses and estate[edit]

Penrhyn Road[edit]

Main building, Penrhyn Road campus

This is the main university campus located close to Kingston town centre. Students based here study: Arts and Social Sciences, Civil Engineering, Computing and Information Systems and Mathematics, Earth Sciences and Geography, Statistics, Biosciences, Pharmacy, Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Science, and Radiography. Development at this site has extended it to the Learning Resources Centre. In 2015, the Union of Kingston Students, moved into the main building. Penrhyn Road also houses the refurbished Fitness Centre.

Town House[edit]

Town House, Kingston University from Penrhyn Road

Kingston University's Town House building was opened in January 2020 and is located on the Penrhyn Road campus. The flagship six-storey building was the first to be designed by Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Gold Medal-winning firm Grafton Architects in the United Kingdom and is open to students, staff and the local community.[9]

The building work was carried out by Hertfordshire-based Willmott Dixon. It features a three-floor academic library, archive, dance studios and a studio theatre, while it also incorporates a covered internal courtyard, two cafes and external balconies and walkways culminating in a rooftop garden offering views across Kingston upon Thames and the River Thames.

Town House has been nominated for three awards, including in The Guardian University Awards,[10] and a RIBA London Regional Award.[11]

In October 2021, Town House was announced as the winner of the 25th RIBA Stirling Prize.[12][13]

Kingston Hill[edit]

Kingston Hill campus, Kingston University

Kingston Hill mainly caters to Nursing (adult, child, mental health and learning disability), Education, Business, Music and Social Care. Before 1989, this campus was known as Gipsy Hill.

The Business School moved to a new building on the Kingston Hill Campus in 2012.[14]

Knights Park[edit]

Mill Street Building at Kingston School of Art Knights Park campus.

Located on Grange road, Knights Park campus is home to some of the students from Kingston School of Art (KSA) - architecture an art and design students. The campus is built on the northern banks of the Hogsmill River and opened in 1939.[15]

A £29 million refurbishment of the Mill Street workshops, studios and the reception area was completed in March 2020 and includes a gallery, a social space and an art shop.[16] The regeneration project was shortlisted for a Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) London Regional Award.[11]

Roehampton Vale[edit]

The Roehampton Vale campus was opened in 1993 by Sir William Barlow, the president of the Royal Academy of Engineering. The site is located on Friars Avenue, on the outskirts of Kingston. This campus is purpose-built and completely dedicated to the study of engineering (aerospace, automotive, motor vehicle and mechanical engineering).[17]

Facilities on site include a wind tunnel, engineering workshops, a flight simulator,a range of vehicles, a Learjet 25 plan, plus automotive and aeronautical learning resources.

Reg Bailey Theatre Complex[edit]

Former church converted into the Kingston Drama students' base, the Reg Bailey has two theatres with professional lighting and sound equipment, three rehearsal rooms and a costume room while its annexed Surrey Club is dedicated to Dance students through imposing performance studio with a state-of-the-art LED lighting system and professional sound technology, two rehearsal studios and a body conditioning room, all with fully sprung Harlequin floors. The Reg Bailey has been home to such alumni members as Ben Barnes, Sam Chan, Mandy Takhar, Alphonsia Emmanuel, Jessie Cave, Laura Harling and Trevor Eve.[18]

Tolworth Court Sports Ground[edit]

The University's 55-acre sports ground houses twelve football pitches, two rugby pitches, three cricket squares, one American football pitch, one lacrosse pitch, two netball courts and three tennis courts.[19]

Other locations[edit]

Additional to the four main campuses is an administration building: Hind Court on London Road which is home to the office of the Vice-Chancellor.

Furthermore, art and design studies students from Kingston School of Art are based at River House, on the High Street in Kingston town centre.


Teaching and research are organised in four faculties.[20]

Kingston School of Art[edit]

Kingston School of Art (KSA) was established as part of Kingston Technical Institute founded 1899. The School of Art separated from the Technical College in 1930 and left Kingston Hall Road to move to Knights Park in 1939. It became Kingston College of Art in 1945 and merged back with the Technical College to form Kingston Polytechnic in 1970. The Polytechnic later became Kingston University in 1992, under which the school was known as the Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture (FADA) until 2017 when it reverted to its historic name.[21][22] Kingston School of Art delivers undergraduate and postgraduate programmes of study across three schools:[23]

Faculty of Business and Social Sciences[edit]

The Faculty of Business and Social Sciences combines Kingston Business School and the School of Law, Social and Behavioural Sciences.

Kingston Business School (KBS) can be traced back to the 1960s. In 1985, the CNAA approved the school's Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree and the following year KBS moved to Kingston Hill Campus. The Business School is divided into four departments:[24]

Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education[edit]

Founded in 1995, the Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education runs courses in education, health and social work and is a partnership between Kingston University and St George's, University of London (SGUL).[25] The faculty is based at Kingston Hill at Kingston upon Thames and St George's Hospital in Tooting. The School of Education joined the Faculty in 2012.[26]

Galleries and museums[edit]

The Stanley Picker Gallery is the Faculty's exhibition space which is now used to present a variety of research-based projects, fellowships and exhibitions.[27] In 2003, the Stanley Picker Gallery gave birth to Transitstation,[28] which was created/curated by Stanley Picker Fellow Dagmar Glausnitzer-Smith, and former gallery curator Charles Ryder. In 2003, the Director of Foundation Studies in Art and Design, Paul Stafford, converted a run-down public convenience in Kingston town centre into the Toilet Gallery.[29]

Kingston University runs Dorich House Museum [30] which houses a huge collection of sculptor Dora Gordine's work, and fine examples of Russian Imperial art and furniture. Dorich House is also used as meeting and conference venue.


The Kingston School of Art runs a number of research centres:

  • Contemporary Art Research Centre ("CARC"), a Research Centre within the Department of Fine Art
  • Colour Design Research Centre
  • Screen Design Research Centre
  • Modern Interiors Research Design[31]
  • Sustainable Design Research Centre[32]
  • Centre for the Contemporary Visual & Material Culture
  • Curating Contemporary Design Research Group
  • Real Estate Research Group
  • Fashion Industry Research Centre
  • Fire, Explosion and Fluid Dynamics (FEFD)

Academic profile[edit]

National rankings
Complete (2022)[33]85
Guardian (2022)[34]45
Times / Sunday Times (2022)[35]101
Global rankings
QS (2022)[36]581-590
THE (2022)[37]801-1000
British Government assessment
Teaching Excellence Framework[38]Bronze

Rankings and reputation[edit]

The Guardian placed Kingston 40th out of 128 surveyed universities.[39] The Times/The Sunday Times Guide placed it at no. 102 (Good University Guide, 2018). In 2018, Kingston was ranked 1st out of 121 institutions for its graphic design and product design courses by The Guardian in 2017.[40] In 2017, Kingston University won The Guardian University Award for teaching excellence.[6] Kingston is ranked as one of the top 40 universities in the UK by The Guardian University Guide 2020, ranked in the top 250 in the world for Business & Economics by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2019 and ranked in the top 140 Global MBA rank according to "QS World University Rankings" (2020)

Student life[edit]

Union of Kingston Students[edit]

The Union of Kingston Students (UKS), formerly Kingston University Students' Union (KUSU), and in the 1990s KUGOS (Kingston University Guild of Students') is a charitable organisation representing the student body and aiming to provide services and activities beneficial to the student experience. It is a student union in the meaning of the term given in the Education Act 1994, and whilst independent of the university is funded by a block grant from it.

Halls of residence[edit]

The university has six halls of residence. Chancellors' and Walkden are based at the Kingston Hill campus. Middle Mill is adjacent to Knights Park campus, while Clayhill and Seething Wells are on opposite sides of Surbiton. Finally, there is Kingston Bridge House which is situated on the edge of Bushy Park at the Hampton Wick end of Kingston Bridge, London.

International partners[edit]

The university holds a number of links with institutions from around the world to share teaching and research and facilitate staff and student exchanges. Kingston has a number of international 'Study Abroad' or 'Exchange' partner institutions.[41]


BMus external examiner[edit]

In 2008, the BBC obtained e-mails circulated within Kingston's School of Music, relating to the opinions of an external examiner moderating the BMus course.[42] The messages showed that her final report caused considerable concern within the department. The examiner was persuaded to moderate her criticism following contact from a member of the University's staff. The e-mails also detailed a plan to replace her (at the end of her term) with a more experienced and broad-based external examiner, a process which Kingston stressed breaks no rules relating to the appointment of such examiners.[42] In October 2008, Peter Williams, Chief Executive of the UK Quality Assurance Agency (QAA), presented the agency's findings to a Parliamentary Select Committee charged with investigating standards in British higher education. Following an investigation of the allegations by a former University staff member that undue pressure was applied to the School of Music's External Examiner, QAA upheld all charges of wrongdoing, as alleged.[43][44][45]

Controversial speakers[edit]

In 2015, Prime Minister David Cameron named and shamed four British universities which gave platforms to allegedly 'extremist' speakers.[46][47]

Kingston's Vice Chancellor Julius Weinberg defended his decision to allow controversial speakers in the name of free speech.[48]

National Student Survey exaggeration[edit]

In 2008, an audio recording obtained by student media included two psychology lecturers asking students to inflate their graded opinions given as part of the National Student Survey.[49] One member of staff was recorded as encouraging students to boost specific satisfaction scores, because "if Kingston comes down the bottom [of the league tables], then the bottom line is that nobody is going to want to employ you because they are going to think your degree is shit".[49][50] In response, Vice-Chancellor Peter Scott confirmed that the recording was genuine but added that he believed that the incident was an isolated one.[51][52][53][54][55] In July 2008, the Higher Education Funding Council of England removed the University's Department of Psychology of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences from the League Tables for the year as its sanction for having fraudulently manipulated the National Student Survey results.[56]

Notable faculty and staff[edit]


Film and theatre

Philosophy and literature

Fashion and design

History and politics


  • Robert Istepanian, Professor of Data Communications
  • Fiona Ross, Professor of Health Research, formerly Executive Dean of the Faculty of Health and Social Care.


Notable alumni[edit]

Film and entertainment












  • Ed Parsons, Geospatial technologist and tech evangelist



  1. ^ a b "File: Machines - Kingston College of Technology coat of arms :: Kingston University Historical Photographs".
  2. ^ "Kingston University, London : Financial Statements 2014-15" (PDF). Kingston University. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Vice-Chancellor's Team - How the University works - Kingston University London". Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Where do HE students study?". Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Financial statements - Facts and figures - Kingston University London". Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Kingston University wins Guardian University Award for teaching excellence".
  7. ^ "Our history - Facts and figures". Kingston University Website. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  8. ^ Gibson, Michael (1999). "A History of Kingston university" (PDF). Kingston University.
  9. ^ "Flagship multi-million pound Town House building opens at Kingston University".
  10. ^ "Kingston University shortlisted for two Guardian University Awards".
  11. ^ a b "Kingston University's Town House building and Kingston School of Art campus regeneration shortlisted for RIBA London Regional Awards".
  12. ^ "RIBA Stirling Prize 2021". Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  13. ^ "Student 'Town House' wins Stirling Prize to be named UK's best new building". The Independent. 15 October 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  14. ^ Kieran Long (11 April 2012). "Look and learn: intelligent design for education - Architecture - Arts". Evening Standard. London. Archived from the original on 14 December 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  15. ^ "A history of Kingston School of Art".
  16. ^ "Refurbishment of Kingston School of Art's Mill Street Building shows vision for the future of art school education".
  17. ^ "Roehampton Vale - Location - About Kingston University - Kingston University London". Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  18. ^ "Your council and democracy: REG BAILEY BUILDING". Kingston Council. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Tolworth Court sports ground - Sport and Active Lifestyles". 12 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Faculties and schools at Kingston University - Kingston University London".
  21. ^ "Our History". Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  22. ^ "Knights Park celebrates the launch of the Kingston School of Art | River Online". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Study at Kingston School of Art". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Kingston Business School | Find Out About Our Faculty and Facilities | Kingston Business School, London". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  25. ^ "About | Kingston and St George's". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  26. ^ Kingston University. Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education
  27. ^ "The Stanley Picker Gallery at Kingston University is a public venue dedicated to the research, development, production and presentation of interdisciplinary contemporary arts practice". Stanley Picker Gallery. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  28. ^ "transitstation - Exhibition as Event". Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  29. ^ "育毛剤の人気ランキング情報". Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  30. ^ "Dorich House Museum". Kingston University. Archived from the original on 16 April 2007. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  31. ^ "Kingston University - Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture - Modern Interiors Research Centre". Kingston University. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  32. ^ "The Sustainable Design Research Centre". Kingston University. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  33. ^ "Complete University Guide 2022". The Complete University Guide. 8 June 2021.
  34. ^ "Guardian University Guide 2022". The Guardian. 11 September 2021.
  35. ^ "Good University Guide 2022". The Times. 17 September 2021.
  36. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd. 8 June 2021.
  37. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2 September 2021.
  38. ^ "Teaching Excellence Framework outcomes". Higher Education Funding Council for England.
  39. ^ "University league tables 2019". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  40. ^ "The best design courses in the UK, according to The Guardian University Guide 2017". It's Nice That. 26 May 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  41. ^ "International partner institutions - Study Abroad - Visiting students - Kingston University London".
  42. ^ a b Coughlan, Sean (24 June 2008). "Examiner dropped course criticism". BBC. Retrieved 25 June 2008.
  43. ^ The Committee Office, House of Commons. "House of Commons - Innovation, Universities, Science and Skills - Minutes of Evidence". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  44. ^ "Kingston University Special review of the circumstances surrounding the amendments to an external examiner's report". Archived from the original on 19 July 2009. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
  45. ^ Newman, Melanie (26 March 2009). "Kingston Showed Lack of Regard for External Examiner's Role, Says QAA". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
  46. ^ British universities that give the floor to extremist speakers are named and shamed, The Telegraph
  47. ^ "'Show us the evidence David Cameron': Supporters rally after Kingston University listed for extremism". Surrey Comet.
  48. ^ I won't stop offering a platform to so-called 'hate speakers', The Guardian
  49. ^ a b Coughlin, Sean (13 May 2008). "University staff faking survey". BBC. Retrieved 13 May 2008.
  50. ^ Mostrous, Alexi (14 May 2008). "Kingston University students told to lie to boost college's rank in government poll". The Times. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  51. ^ "Kingston University witness intimidation". Wikileaks. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  52. ^ "Kingston University governers grievance appeal recording part 1". Wikileaks. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  53. ^ "Kingston University governers grievance appeal recording part 2". Wikileaks. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  54. ^ "Kingston University National Student Survey fraud recording". Wikileaks. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  55. ^ "Statement in response to National Student Survey complaint". Kingston University Press Office. 14 May 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2008.
  56. ^ Coughlin, Sean (26 July 2008). "Faculty in league table expulsion". BBC. Retrieved 26 July 2008.
  57. ^ "Stephen Barber". Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  58. ^ "Henry Bond | The Guardian". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  59. ^ "OBITUARY: Wilfred Fairclough". The Independent. 17 January 1996. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  60. ^ "Fifehead Magdalen Parish - Who was Who". Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  61. ^ Castoro, Manila; Vasilikou, Carolina (26 June 2018). Urban Artscapes: Essays on Political and Cultural Contexts. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-6540-5.
  62. ^ Stroinska, Magda (2001). Relative Points of View: Linguistic Representation of Culture. Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-1-57181-202-5.
  63. ^ "Guildhall School of Music & Drama". 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  64. ^ "Paul Andrew Williams joins Film Team - Activities - Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences - Kingston University London". Kingston University. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  65. ^ Barber, Lynn (29 August 2009). "Rachel Cusk interview - Lynn Barber". The Guardian.
  66. ^ "Actor Ben Barnes on Narnia, Wimbledon and Dorian Gray". Surrey. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  67. ^ Barnes, Brooks (12 May 2008). "Ben Barnes: An unknown on the brink of fame". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  68. ^ Brain, Eric. "Angie Bowie on life at Kingston University, hanging out with rock stars, Celebrity Big Brother and David Bowie. | River Online". Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  69. ^ "Harry Potter star has published a feminist collection of cartoons". The Independent. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  70. ^ LLC, General Books; Wikipedia, Source; LLC, Books (2010). Alumni of Kingston University: Eric Clapton, Lawrence Dallaglio, Eason Chan, Charles Ingram, Ben Barnes, Graeme Le Saux, Robin Rimbaud. General Books. ISBN 978-1-155-76148-0.
  71. ^ "Kingston University". 英國升學專家:英倫海外升學中心 (in Chinese). Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  72. ^ "Xtra Factor's Sarah-Jane Crawford reveals she ditched banking for". Evening Standard. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  73. ^ "Emmanuel, Alphonsia 1956– |". Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  74. ^ a b "Kingston University – A–Z Unis & Colleges, Getting Into University". The Independent. Independent News and Media. 27 July 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  75. ^ Wilson, Snoo (5 May 2015). Lovesong of the Electric Bear. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4742-5532-5.
  76. ^ "Exclusive Interview: Trevor Cooper • Doctor Who News • WhovianNet". Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  77. ^ Samuelson, Kate (9 January 2016). "Meet the West Derby stand up who wouldn't let blindness ruin his comedy career". liverpoolecho. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  78. ^ Robinson, Megan. "Kingston graduate Harriet Kemsley becomes a comic star | River Online". Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  79. ^ Gil, Natalie (14 September 2015). "Learn from our mistakes: freshers' week regrets". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  80. ^ Fortnum, Rebecca (23 January 2007). Contemporary British women artists: in their own words. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-224-0.
  81. ^ Unattributed, "Anya Gallaccio Archived 7 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine," British Council - online biography, retrieved, 22 August 2011
  82. ^ Step by Step Graphics. Dynamic Graphics, Incorporated. 1996.
  83. ^ Dyson, Anthony (6 April 2009). Printmakers' Secrets. A&C Black. ISBN 978-0-7136-8911-2.
  84. ^ Crerar, Pippa; Bloom, Dan; Hornall, Thomas (28 December 2018). "New Year Honours list 2019 in full - from stars to heroes of tragedy and terror". mirror. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  85. ^ "Felipe Oliveira Baptista nouveau directeur artistique de la Maison Kenzo". (in French). 1 July 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  86. ^ Groskop, Viv (5 March 2013). "Caryn Franklin: My double life as a carer". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  87. ^ "Young designer puts on a fine clothes show". Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  88. ^ "Tom Wright – i Design". Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  89. ^ "Hard-Fi frontman's heartbreak". Your Local Guardian. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  90. ^ "Eurowizja 2016: Ola Gintrowska - Missing to OSZUSTWO? Kim jest Aleksandra Gintrowska? Sprawdź szczegóły!". Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  91. ^ "Aleksandra Gintrowska". Filmweb (in Polish). Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  92. ^ "Ona ma szansę na Eurowizję 2016! Kim jest Ola Gintrowska?". Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  93. ^ "Aleksandra Gintrowska - biografia". (in Polish). Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  94. ^ Delbrouck, Christophe (17 November 2017). British Rock. 1965-1968 : Swinging London: British Rock (in French). Le Castor Astral éditeur. ISBN 979-10-278-0754-3.
  95. ^ Sandbrook, Dominic (2007). White Heat: A History of Britain in the Swinging Sixties. Abacus. ISBN 978-0-349-11820-8.
  96. ^ Sweers, Britta (13 January 2005). Electric Folk: The Changing Face of English Traditional Music. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-515878-6.
  97. ^ Elliott, David (30 May 2017). "Humberside Police reveal preferred Chief Constable candidate". Scunthorpe Telegraph. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  98. ^ "Qubad Talabani". Kurdistan Regional Government. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  99. ^ "Lavinia Greenlaw - Literature". British Council.
  100. ^ Georgeson, Andrew (6 December 2016). "Charlie Amesbury to continue family tradition in Varsity Match". cambridgenews. Retrieved 28 April 2020.

External links[edit]