Kingston and Surbiton (UK Parliament constituency)
|Kingston and Surbiton|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Kingston and Surbiton in Greater London.
|Member of parliament||James Berry (Conservative)|
|Created from||Surbiton and Kingston (part)|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
1997–2010: The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames wards of Berrylands, Burlington, Chessington North, Chessington South, Grove, Hook, Malden Manor, Norbiton Park, Norbiton, St James, St Mark's, Surbiton Hill, Tolworth East, Tolworth South, and Tolworth West.
2010–present: As above less Burlington plus Beverley — and neighbouring Tolworth and Hook wards having been in local government renamed to become Alexandra, Tolworth and Hook Rise, Chessington North and Hook.
The constituency covers most of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, covering the town of Surbiton, Chessington, New Malden, Tolworth and the south of Kingston itself. The remainder of the borough, a northern part of Kingston, has remained since 1997 in the Richmond Park seat.
2007 boundary review
As part of its Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission[n 3] made minor changes to re-align the constituency boundaries with the boundaries of the local government divisions (wards); moving the entirety of the Beverley ward into Kingston and Surbiton. It had been partly in Richmond Park until 2002 local elections. The associated public consultation received 11 submissions, of which 10 in support. The revisions came into effect at the 2010 general election.
The constituency was created in 1997, when the number of seats covering the boroughs of Kingston upon Thames and Richmond upon Thames was reduced from four to three. It replaced the former Surbiton constituency completely and also covers the south of the former Kingston constituency.
- Political history
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer Norman Lamont represented Kingston from a by-election in 1972 until the 1997 general election, when he was not selected as the Conservative candidate for either of its replacements. Instead, the incumbent Surbiton MP Richard Tracey was selected, while Lamont unsuccessfully contested Harrogate and Knaresborough in North Yorkshire. In the event, Tracey was defeated by the Liberal Democrat candidate Edward Davey by the very narrow margin of 56 votes.
In the 2011 referendum on whether the UK should adopt the Alternative Vote (AV) system, the Royal Borough of Kingston Upon Thames, which covers most of the constituency, voted against the proposal by 60.5%.
Davey held on to the seat until the general election of 2015, when he was defeated by the Conservative James Berry. The 2015 result gave the seat the 26th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.
The local council, which covers most of the constituency, alternates between Liberal Democrat majority control (1994–1998 and 2002–2014) and no overall control (1986–1994 and 1998–2002). However, in 2014, it became a Conservative-majority council; the last Conservative administration was between 1964 and 1986. Traditionally, the southern wards vote for the Liberal Democrats, whereas the north and north-eastern wards vote for the Conservatives, with some Labour presentation in the Norbiton ward.
The seat is a majority middle-class suburbia, much like its neighbouring constituencies of Wimbledon, Richmond Park and Twickenham. The area has a long-established large urban kernel in Kingston town centre, where waves of public initiatives and spending have overhauled much of the area's cohort of ex-council housing and social housing, which far exceeds that found in the neighbouring borough of Richmond-upon-Thames and is similar to the proportion of such housing stock in the London Boroughs of Merton and Sutton adjoining. The highly commercial town with ancient-founded markets and a public riverside by the River Thames has enjoyed continued economic diversity and prosperity and saw in 2007 a total retail spend of £23.71 billion, placing it 12th among UK towns and cities.
Members of Parliament,
|1997||Ed Davey||Liberal Democrats|
Elections in the 2010s
|Monster Raving Loony||Chinners|
|Liberal Democrat||Ed Davey|
|Liberal Democrat||Ed Davey||20,415||34.5||-15.3|
|Christian Peoples||Daniel Gill||198||0.3||-0.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+9.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Ed Davey||28,428||49.8||−1.3|
|Monster Raving Loony||Monkey The Drummer||247||0.4||N/A|
|Christian Peoples||Tony May||226||0.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−2.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Ed Davey||25,397||51.0||−9.2|
|Socialist Labour||John Hayball||366||0.7||+0.1|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||George Weiss||146||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−7.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Ed Davey||29,542||60.2||+23.5|
|Socialist Labour||John Hayball||319||0.6||N/A|
|Unrepresented People's Party||Jeremy Middleton||54||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Ed Davey||20,411||36.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||Mark Leighton||100||0.2||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Clifford Port||100||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "South London Boroughs – Proposals for Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. 19 April 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2010.
- Fifth periodical report (PDF) (Report). Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties. Boundary Commission for England. 5 February 2007. ISBN 0-10-170322-8.
- "AV referendum results, district by district". The Guardian. 2011-05-06. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "EU Referendum Results". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
- "Kingston Council Local Elections Results, 2014". Kingston Council. Retrieved 25 April 2017, 04:21 GMT. Check date values in:
- "Kingston upon Thames" Retail Week, 23rd November 2007
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Kingston & Surbiton parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Statement of Persons Nominated, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, 20 April 2010
- Election results for Kingston and Surbiton – Parliamentary General Election – Thursday 6 May 2010 Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
- Election 2010 – Kingston & Surbiton BBC News, 7 May 2010