Kingswood, South Gloucestershire

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Kingswood
Kingswood is located in Gloucestershire
Kingswood
Kingswood
Kingswood shown within Gloucestershire
Population 40,734 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference ST649736
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS15
Dialling code 0117
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°27′36″N 2°30′18″W / 51.46°N 2.505°W / 51.46; -2.505Coordinates: 51°27′36″N 2°30′18″W / 51.46°N 2.505°W / 51.46; -2.505

Kingswood is a town in South Gloucestershire, England, on the eastern border of the City of Bristol. The suburb is situated 3.4 miles east northeast of central Bristol and 2.5 miles from Lawrence Hill railway station.

Royal Forest[edit]

In Saxon and Norman times, Kingswood Forest was a royal hunting estate which surrounded Bristol, extending as far as Filwood in South Bristol. "From early days the Constable of Bristol Castle, the king's officer in the area, was also the Chief Ranger of the Kingswood Forest and the first of these recorded is Ella who died in 920. At the edge of the forest, to the north of the River Froom, lay the little hamlet of Stapleton, the name of which is Saxon in origin, being held to mean 'The farm, homestead or croft – by or near the Stapol, post or pillar'".[1]

Demography[edit]

Kingswood town and Staple Hill are the only areas that are unparished (an area that doesn't have an incorporated town council on its own) in South Gloucestershire. Hence its population is taken from four ward boundaries in South Gloucestershire.[2] Kingswood Urban Neighbourhood is made up of four wards, Rodway, Staple Hill, Woodstock and King's Chase.[3] These wards had a combined population of 40,734 in 2011, with a largely white British population.[4] Geographically, Kingswood is between the M4 to the North, Hanham to the south and includes a small part of Emersons Green.

Coal mining[edit]

The Kingswood area first came into industrial prominence in the late 17th century, because of coal mining. Typical of these were coal fields in the Easton and Coalpit Heath/Yate areas.[5] The coal mining history still affects the town with gardens occasionally opening up. The local MP has petitioned in Parliament for full surveys of the coal mines under the town. A recent archaeological excavation of the Wade Street area of Kingswood has uncovered artisans'houses that were established in the early 18th century. These dwellings were demolished as part of a 'slum clearance' project in the mid 20th century. [6]

The clock tower in High Street, Kingswood
Kingswood Heritage Museum
Holy Trinity Church

References[edit]

  1. ^ Penny, John (2008). "Bristol Past". fishponds.org.uk. Fishponds Local History Society. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  2. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/uk-england-southwestengland.php?cityid=E35001261
  3. ^ http://www.andrewteale.me.uk/2007/maps/s-glos07.png
  4. ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/south-gloucestershire-e06000025#sthash.69RaijMT.yjg01H2S.dpbs
  5. ^ http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rstephen/livingeaston/local_history/coalmining/Kingswood.html cems.uwe.ac.uk
  6. ^ Corcos, Nick (2017). "Excavations and Watching Brief at the Corner of Wade Street and Little Anne Street, St Jude's, Bristol, 2014". Internet Archaeology (45). doi:10.11141/ia.45.3. 

External links[edit]