Kingswood, South Gloucestershire

Coordinates: 51°27′36″N 2°30′18″W / 51.46°N 2.505°W / 51.46; -2.505
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Kingswood
Regent Street, Kingswood
Kingswood is located in Gloucestershire
Kingswood
Kingswood
Location within Gloucestershire
Population40,734 
OS grid referenceST649736
Civil parish
  • Kingswood
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRISTOL
Postcode districtBS15
Dialling code0117
PoliceAvon and Somerset
FireAvon
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°27′36″N 2°30′18″W / 51.46°N 2.505°W / 51.46; -2.505

Kingswood is a town and civil parish in the South Gloucestershire district of the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire, England. The town is situated 3 miles (4.8 km) east-northeast of Bristol.[1]

Broadly speaking, Kingswood spans the area from John Cabot Academy in the west to the A4174 ring road in the east. Some areas which are in close proximity to Kingswood, such as Two Mile Hill and St George East (both located within the City of Bristol) and parts of Hanham and Warmley Hill are often considered to be part of Kingswood by locals.

The border between South Gloucestershire and the City of Bristol is situated at the western end of Kingswood's High Street. Although anything beyond this point is technically no longer Kingswood 'proper', locals often consider the shops and residential areas that fringe the road named 'Two Mile Hill' (located within the area of the same name) to be a continuation of Kingswood. In 2011 it had a population of 40,734.

Governance[edit]

In 1894 Kingswood became an urban district, on 1 April 1974 the urban district and civil parish of Kingswood was abolished and Kingswood became an unparished area in the Kingswood district of Avon.[2][3] In 1996 Kingswood became part of South Gloucestershire district. On 1 April 2023 Kingswood became a civil parish again.[4]

Royal Forest[edit]

In Saxon times, The 'King's Wood' was a royal hunting estate which surrounded Bristol, extending as far as Filwood in South Bristol. "From early days the Constable of Bristol Castle, the king's officer in the area, was also the Chief Ranger of the Kingswood Forest and the first of these recorded is Ella who died in 920. At the edge of the forest, to the north of the River Froom, lay the little hamlet of Stapleton, the name of which is Saxon in origin, being held to mean "The farm, homestead or croft - by or near the Stapol, post or pillar"".[5]

Demography[edit]

Holy Trinity Church

Up to the 2011 Census, Kingswood was considered by ONS as part of Bristol, being within its urban subdivision.[6] This meant that Kingswood wasn't recognised as an individual settlement either statistically or administratively. However, in the 2021 Census, Kingswood was separated out from the administrative area of Bristol and is now recognised as a settlement in its own right by the Office of National Statistics; this has resulted in Kingswood becoming the largest settlement by population in the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire.[7] Kingswood is made up of three wards: Woodstock, New Cheltenham and Kingswood Wards.[8] These wards had a combined population of 40,734 in 2011, with a largely white British population.[9]

Women in Kingswood had the fourth lowest life expectancy at birth, 74.3 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.[10]

Transport[edit]

Kingswood High Street is situated around 3 miles (5 km) south of the M4 and 2.5 miles (4 km) east of Lawrence Hill railway station. Buses connect the town to surrounding areas including the City Centre, Southmead Hospital, Keynsham and Cribbs Causeway. Six national rail stations currently exist within South Gloucestershire. However, they are all concentrated around the highly developed North Fringe area which encompasses Filton and Bradley Stoke. However, Bristol mayor Marvin Rees' proposals for a 'Bristol Underground' envisage a line serving the East Fringe of Bristol.[11]

Coal mining[edit]

Clock Tower

The Kingswood area first came into industrial prominence in the late 17th century, because of coal mining. Typical of these were coal fields in the Easton and Coalpit Heath/Yate areas.[12] The coal mining history still affects the town with gardens occasionally opening up. The local MP has petitioned in Parliament for full surveys of the coal mines under the town.[13]

The Whit Walk[edit]

There is an annual procession held on the morning of the Whit Bank Holiday. Its origins are uncertain, but it appears to have taken place at least since 1939. The walk is the subject of an ethnographic study by the English anthropologist Timothy Jenkins.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Distance between Bristol, United Kingdom and Kingswood, Bristol, United Kingdom (UK)". distancecalculator.globefeed.com.
  2. ^ "Relationships and changes Kingswood UD through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 16 November 2023.
  3. ^ "Bristol Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 16 November 2023.
  4. ^ "The South Gloucestershire (Reorganisation of Community Governance) Order 2023" (PDF). South Gloucestershire Council. Retrieved 16 November 2023.
  5. ^ Penny, John (2008). "Bristol Past". fishponds.org.uk. Fishponds Local History Society. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Bristol (Bristol, South West England, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
  7. ^ "South West England: Counties and Unitary Authorities". www.citypopulation.de.
  8. ^ http://www.andrewteale.me.uk/2007/maps/s-glos07.png[bare URL image file]
  9. ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "South Gloucestershire - UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data.
  10. ^ Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ "More plans revealed in Bristol's £4bn Underground and Overground rail network".
  12. ^ http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rstephen/livingeaston/local_history/coalmining/Kingswood.html Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine cems.uwe.ac.uk
  13. ^ "Former Mine Shafts (Kingswood) HC Deb 25 November 1996 vol 286 cc125-32". Hansard. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  14. ^ Timothy Jenkins, Religion in English Everyday Life: An Ethnographic Approach, Oxford: Berghan Books, 1999

External links[edit]