Kingswood, South Gloucestershire

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Kingswood
Regent Street Kingswood, looking east past the clock - geograph.org.uk - 69882.jpg
Regent Street, Kingswood
Kingswood is located in Gloucestershire
Kingswood
Kingswood
Location within Gloucestershire
Population40,734 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceST649736
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRISTOL
Postcode districtBS15
Dialling code0117
PoliceAvon and Somerset
FireAvon
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°27′36″N 2°30′18″W / 51.46°N 2.505°W / 51.46; -2.505Coordinates: 51°27′36″N 2°30′18″W / 51.46°N 2.505°W / 51.46; -2.505

Kingswood is a suburban area in South Gloucestershire, England, on the eastern border of the City of Bristol. The suburb is situated 3.4 miles (5.5 km) east-northeast of Bristol City Centre and 102 miles (164 km) west of London.[1][2]

Royal Forest[edit]

In Saxon and Norman times, Kingswood Forest was a royal hunting estate which surrounded Bristol, extending as far as Filwood in South Bristol. "From early days the Constable of Bristol Castle, the king's officer in the area, was also the Chief Ranger of the Kingswood Forest and the first of these recorded is Ella who died in 920. At the edge of the forest, to the north of the River Froom, lay the little hamlet of Stapleton, the name of which is Saxon in origin, being held to mean 'The farm, homestead or croft – by or near the Stapol, post or pillar'".[3]

Demography[edit]

Kingswood and Staple Hill are the only areas that are unparished (an area that doesn't have an incorporated town council on its own) in South Gloucestershire. Furthermore Kingswood is considered by ONS as part of Bristol, being within its urban subdivision.[4] This means Kingswood isn't recognised as an individual settlement either statistically or administratively, being unparished and part of a larger urban subdivision, parliament constituency and district with all three divisions containing other areas. Hence its population is taken from four ward boundaries in South Gloucestershire. Kingswood Urban Neighbourhood is made up of four wards: Rodway(10,817), Staple Hill (7,338), Woodstock(11,231) and King's Chase(11,348).[5] These wards had a combined population of 40,734 in 2011, with a largely white British population.[6]

Women in Kingswood had the fourth lowest life expectancy at birth, 74.3 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.[7]

Geographically, Kingswood is between the M4 to the North, Hanham to the south and includes a small part of Emersons Green. Although the area is administered by South Gloucestershire Council.

Transport[edit]

Kingswood town centre is a mile south of the M4 and 2.5 miles (4 km) east of Lawrence Hill railway station. Buses connect the town to surrounding areas including Hanham, Emersons Green and Bristol city centre.

Coal mining[edit]

Clock Tower

The Kingswood area first came into industrial prominence in the late 17th century, because of coal mining. Typical of these were coal fields in the Easton and Coalpit Heath/Yate areas.[8] The coal mining history still affects the town with gardens occasionally opening up. The local MP has petitioned in Parliament for full surveys of the coal mines under the town. A recent archaeological excavation of the Wade Street area of Kingswood has uncovered artisans'houses that were established in the early 18th century. These dwellings were demolished as part of a 'slum clearance' project in the mid 20th century.[9]

The Whit Walk[edit]

There is an annual procession held on the morning of the Whit Bank Holiday. Its origins are uncertain, but it appears to have taken place at least since 1939. The walk is the subject of an ethnographic study by the English anthropologist Timothy Jenkins.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Distance between Kingswood, Bristol, United Kingdom and London, United Kingdom (UK)". distancecalculator.globefeed.com.
  2. ^ "Distance between Bristol, United Kingdom and Kingswood, Bristol, United Kingdom (UK)". distancecalculator.globefeed.com.
  3. ^ Penny, John (2008). "Bristol Past". fishponds.org.uk. Fishponds Local History Society. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Bristol (Bristol, South West England, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
  5. ^ http://www.andrewteale.me.uk/2007/maps/s-glos07.png
  6. ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "South Gloucestershire - UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data.
  7. ^ Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  8. ^ http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rstephen/livingeaston/local_history/coalmining/Kingswood.html cems.uwe.ac.uk
  9. ^ Corcos, Nick (2017). "Excavations in 2014 at Wade Street, Bristol - a documentary and archaeological analysis". Internet Archaeology (45). doi:10.11141/ia.45.3.
  10. ^ Timothy Jenkins, Religion in English Everyday Life: An Ethnographic Approach, Oxford: Berghan Books, 1999

External links[edit]