All Saints' Church, Kington Magna
|Kington Magna shown within Dorset|
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Kington Magna is a village and civil parish in the Blackmore Vale in the English county of Dorset, situated about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south-west of the town of Gillingham, in the North Dorset administrative district.
The name Kington Magna means 'great King's Town'; it derives from cyne- (later cyning) and tūn, Old English for 'royal estate or manor'. The affix magna, Latin for great, was added to distinguish it from Little Kington, a smaller settlement nearby. In 1086 in the Domesday Book these were recorded together in three entries as Chintone, which had 27 households and a total taxable value of 13 geld units, and was in the hundred of Gillingham. In 1243 it was recorded as Magna Kington. Most of the current buildings in the village are no older than the seventeenth century. In 1851 a Primitive Methodist chapel was built in the village; it was on Chapel Hill, which runs parallel to Church Hill. In 1860 a pottery was established at Bye Farm, north of the main village; it manufactured tiles, drainpipes, bricks, and chimney and flower pots. The parish church of All Saints was restored and enlarged in 1862; most of the building, except for the late 15th-century west tower, was rebuilt. Near the church is a pond which was a medieval fishpond.
The parish covers about 2,000 acres (810 ha) and, as well as the main village, includes the small settlement of Nyland in the west. The main village is sited on the slopes of a Corallian limestone hill, overlooking the flat Oxford Clay valley of the small River Cale, which drains into the Stour. In 1906 Sir Frederick Treves wrote in his Highways & Byways in Dorset that the village "straggles down hill like a small mountain stream."
The nearest railway station is in Gillingham. Trains run on the Exeter to Waterloo line.
- "Area: Kington Magna (Parish). Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Sir Frederick Treves (1906). Highways and Byways in Dorset. Macmillan and Co. Ltd. p. 23.
- North Dorset District Council (c. 1983). North Dorset Official District Guide. Home Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 37.
- Mills, David (2003). A Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191578472.
- Legg, Rodney; Hannay, Clive (December 2006). "Kington Magna". Dorset Life Magazine. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Place: [Little] Kington and Kington [Magna]". Open Domesday. domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Dorse H-R". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- "'Kington Magna', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 4, North (London, 1972), pp. 41-43". British History Online. University of London. 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 0-7090-0844-9.
- "Area: Kington Magna (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
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