Kington St Michael
|Kington St Michael|
South end of the village
|Population||704 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
It is largely a linear village based on its main street, which runs from southeast to northwest, where Honey Knob Hill leads into open countryside towards Grittleton. Easton Piercy, west of the village and now a farm and a few houses, was formerly a tithing of Kington St Michael, which had its own chapel in medieval times and a population of 41 in the 1840s.
A brief history of Kington St Michael is given in the relevant Wiltshire Community History page.
There is evidence of habitation of the area in the New Stone Age and Bronze Ages. The first named settlement dates to about AD 934, when it was known as "Kington". Both Kington (Chintone) and Easton (Estone) were small settlements at the time of the 1086 Domesday survey. Later known as "Kington Minchin" during the early existence of Kington St. Michael Priory, it became "Kington St Michael" in 1279 when the church was rededicated to St Michael.
For many years the main activity in the village was agriculture, although there is some evidence of a small textile industry. In about 1760 the Chippenham to Malmesbury road (now the A350) was made a turnpike, and Kington benefited from the increase in traffic, by the end of the 18th century supporting "tailors, two blacksmiths and a carpenter ... [and] a slaughterhouse, malthouse and public house". By 1851 the range of occupations reported in the village had expanded further.
The Church of England parish church of St Michael is Grade II* listed. The church is from the 13th century, with a chancel arch of c. 1150 and an 18th-century tower. Restoration in 1858 by J.H. Hakewill led Pevsner to describe the church as "terribly over-restored".
Priory Manor, also Grade II* listed, dates from the 15th and 17th centuries and incorporates parts of the former priory.
Kington St Michael Club was opened in 1923, extended and improved in the late 1980s and underwent renovation in 2003.
Following the closure of the local Post Office in April 2008, there is now a community owned shop, staffed by volunteers, operating from part of the village hall and providing local produce and an off-licence. It is staffed mainly by local residents and also offers PostPoint postal facilities.
The village has a primary school, Kington St Michael Church of England School, a voluntary controlled school with a catchment area that includes the village itself and parts of north Chippenham. It has around 118 pupils and is described by Ofsted in 2014 as "Grade 1 Outstanding." The school was built in 1978 to replace a National School of 1868.
The village has a public house, the Jolly Huntsman. It dates back to the 18th century, when beer was brewed on the premises and it was named the White Horse Brewery; it is now a free house. It has been included in the CAMRA Good Beer Guide since 2006 and was named "Regional Pub of the Year" in 2010.
- John Aubrey, antiquarian and archaeologist, born at Easton Piercy in 1626
- John Britton, antiquarian
- Jeremy Corbyn, former leader of the Labour Party
- Piers Corbyn, weather forecaster (brother of Jeremy)
- Isaac Lyte, Alderman of London, local benefactor, erected almshouses
- "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Parish Council - Kington St. Michael Village Website".
- "History". Kington St. Michael Village Website. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
- Lewis, Samuel (1848). "A Topographical Dictionary of England: Easthope – Easton-Piercy". British History Online. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
- "Community History".
- "Wiltshire Council – Wiltshire Community History: Kington St. Michael". Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Kington St Michael in the Domesday Book
- Easton Piercy in the Domesday Book
- Historic England. "Church of St Michael, Kington St. Michael (1283509)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "The Church of St. Michael, Kington St. Michael". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Historic England. "Priory Manor, Kington St. Michael (1022340)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Kington St Michael Club". Kington St. Michael Parish Council. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "Village Shop". Kington St. Michael Parish Council. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "Kington St Michael School". www.kingtonstmichaelschool.co.uk. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- "- Ofsted" (PDF). www.ofsted.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Kington St. Michael Church of England Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "The Jolly Huntsman – Kington St Michael". www.jollyhuntsman.com. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Mendick, Robert (22 August 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn, the boy to the manor born". The Daily Telegraph. London.
Sources and further reading
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 281–282. ISBN 0-14-071026-4.
- Pugh, R.B.; Crittall, Elizabeth, eds. (1956). "The Priory of Kington St. Michael". A History of the County of Wiltshire, Volume 3. Victoria County History. University of London. pp. 259–262. Retrieved 2 May 2022 – via British History Online.
Media related to Kington St Michael at Wikimedia Commons