Kinh Dương Vương

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Kinh Dương Vương
King of Xích Quỷ
Reign 2879–2794 BC
Successor Lạc Long Quân
Born Present-day Hunan
Burial Thuận Thành, Bắc Ninh Province
Spouse Thần Long
Issue Sùng Lãm
Full name
Lộc Tục
House Hồng Bàng Dynasty
Father Đế Minh
Mother Vụ Tiên Nu

Kinh Dương Vương (Hán tự: 涇陽王; "King of Kinh Dương") is a legendary ancient Vietnamese figure who was the first Hùng Vương (King Hùng), mentioned in the 15th-century work Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư with having grouped all the vassal states within his territory into a unified nation, and as the founder of the Hồng Bàng Dynasty. He is considered the first king of the Vietnamese people, and was the father of Lạc Long Quân.[1] He is reported to have lived 260 years.[citation needed]

Kinh Dương Vương's personal name was Lộc Tục (Hán tự: 祿續). According to the 15th-century Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, he ruled over Xích Quỷ (later renamed Văn Lang) starting in 2879 BC. Kinh Dương Vương's father was Đế Minh (帝明, "Emperor Ming" of Chinese and Vietnamese mythology), great-grandson of Thần Nông (Shennong). His mother was Vụ Tiên Nữ (婺僊女, Goddess Vu). Kinh Dương Vương married Thần Long, who was the daughter of Động Đình Quân (Lord of Dongting) and mother of Kinh Dương Vương's successor Lạc Long Quân.[1]

Today Kinh Dương Vương features with other legendary figures such as Thánh Gióng, Âu Cơ, Sơn Tinh and Thủy Tinh, in elementary school texts.[2] A popular shrine, and presumed tomb of Kinh Dương Vương, is located in the village of An Lữ, Thuận Thành District, Bắc Ninh Province .

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ngô Sĩ Liên. "Ky Hong Bang thi". Đại Việt Sử ký Toàn thư. p. 2. 
  2. ^ Marie-Carine Lall, Edward Vickers Education As a Political Tool in Asia 2009 -Page 143 "Children learn about the legends of the nation's birth, which feature heroic figures such as Kinh Dương Vương, Âu Cơ ... Sơn Tinh – Thủy Tinh, Thánh Gióng.22 The distinction between what is legend and what is scientific history is unclear."
Kinh Dương Vương
Hồng Bàng Dynasty
Preceded by
New creation
King of Xích Quỷ
2879–2794 BC
Succeeded by
Hùng Hiền Vương