Kinlet

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Kinlet
Kinlet, St John.jpg
St John's Church, Kinlet
Kinlet is located in Shropshire
Kinlet
Kinlet
Kinlet shown within Shropshire
Population 901 (2011 Census).[1]
OS grid reference SO716799
• London 117mi (187km)
Civil parish
  • Kinlet
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Bewdley
Postcode district DY12
Dialling code 01299
Police West Mercia
Fire Shropshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire
52°24′58″N 2°24′58″W / 52.416°N 2.416°W / 52.416; -2.416Coordinates: 52°24′58″N 2°24′58″W / 52.416°N 2.416°W / 52.416; -2.416

Kinlet is a small village and civil parish in the south-east of the county of Shropshire, England. The parish is on the northern edge of the Wyre Forest and is in the Bridgnorth District of Shropshire. The parish incorporates the hamlets of Kinlet Village, Button Bridge and Button Oak.[2] Kinlet is located 18 miles (29 km) south of Telford, the main town in Shropshire and 23 miles (37 km) west of Birmingham.

The village is located in the centre of the parish. Its parish has a population of 680 according to the 2001 Census,[3] The land within the parish totals 8,164 acres (3,304 ha; 12.756 sq mi).[4] increasing to 901 at the 2011 census. There is little in terms of employment in the parish, with residents travelling to nearby towns and cites.

History[edit]

The name Kinlet, a combination of Kin (royal) and Lett (district), comes from the time of Queen Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the confessor, who held the knoll at Kinlet.[5] The earliest known human activity was the scatter of flints near Catsley in the centre of the parish, south of Kinlet village.[6] The parish as it is today, was once two smaller parishes, Kinlet in the north and Earnwood in the south.[6]

Queen Edith had inherited Kinlet and Cleobury Mortimer from the late Edward the Confessor, at the time of the Domesday Book. Kinlet was then given to Ranulph de Mortimer, who subsequently passed it down to his son, Hugh de Mortimer.[5] The Mortimers were passionate about hunting and used Earnwood as a private hunting ground.[6] The Mortimers were succeeded by Bryan de Brampton in 1176.[5] The De Bramptons gave significant gifts of land in Kinlet to Wigmore Abbey and other religious institutes. This was intended to encourage woodland clearance and increase production.

Kinlet was passed through the Cornwalls, to Sir John Cornwall on the death of his father, Sir Brian Cornwall in 1391. His only surviving daughter, Elizabeth, inherited Kinlet in 1414, before marrying Sir William Lichefeld. Sir William Lichefeld held Kinlet until his death in 1446, Kinlet was then passed down to Isabel, sister of Sir John Cornwall and second wife of Sir John Blount II. Sir John Blount II had a son with Isabel, also named John. John inherited Kinlet after his father's death. The estate was passed onto Humphery Blount (grandson of Sir John Blount and his marriage with Isabel) in 1453.[6][7][8]

Sir George Blount inherited Kinlet in 1531, on the death of his father, John.[9] In 1581, Sir George Blount gave Kinlet to Rowland Lacon, son of his eldest sister Agnes, married to Sir Richard Lacon, instead of his only surviving child, Dorothy.[5] At his death, Rowland Lacon was succeeded by his son, Sir Francis Lacon, who married Jane, daughter of the Viscount of Montague in 1589.

The marriage of Ann Lacon to Sir William Childe in 1640, bought the Childe family to Shropshire. Their eldest son, Sir Lacon Childe, was left the lordship at Kinlet and Cleobury Mortimer, whilst their younger two sons, Thomas and William, were left the manor of Earnwood. After the death of Sir Lacon Childe, Kinlet was held by his nephew, William Lacon Childe. He rebuilt Kinlet Hall in 1729.[6] The surrounding village is likely to have been cleared at this time, with the building of the village school in its current location, establishing this as the centre of the village.[6][10] He also earned substantial revenue from the Kinlet estate. This included sales of produce, bark and rent payments.[6] His daughter inherited Kinlet and married Charles Baldwyn. In 1919, much of the Kinlet estate was put up for sale.[11]

The Village[edit]

The centre of the village is located at the meeting of the roads, B4363 and B4194. In the centre of the village there is a primary school. Kinlet C of E Primary school caters for children aged between 4 and 11 years old.[12]

There is also an independent, residential school to the north-west of the village, based in Kinlet Hall. Moffats School is for children aged between 4 and 13 years old and has been based in Kinlet Hall since the end of the Second World War. Older pupils travel to the Lacon Childe School in Cleobury Mortimer. [4]

There are two public houses in the parish, The Eagle and Serpent in village of Kinlet and the Button Oak Inn the village of Button Oak. There is also a village hall and a residential care home.

Kinlet Hall – Now The Moffatt School

There are two churches in the parish. St. John the Baptist church is the Anglican parish church located along the drive to Kinlet Hall. The church is a stone structure built by the Normans and is Grade I listed by English Heritage.[4][13][14] Within the church there are standing monuments to Sir George Blount and his wife, Constantia, dated 1581. There are also tombs for Sir Humphrey Blount and his wife, Elizabeth and Sir John Blount and his wife, Catherine.[15] The church was restored in 1892 by John Oldrid Scott who later designed the memorial to Major Charles Baldwyn Childe (killed in Boer War 1900).[16]

St Andrew's Church in Button Oak is also an Anglican church. It was built in the 19th century as a mission church for people working in the Wyre Forest.[17]

Demography[edit]

The population of Kinlet was 602 at the time of the first census in 1801.[18] The population fell slowly over the next seventy years, reaching a low of 431 at the 1871 census.[18] After this, the population of Kinlet rose sharply, reaching 558 in the 1891 census.[18] The early 20th Century saw the population stabilise until World War II.[18] There was no census in 1941 because of World War II. The population increased from 494 in the 1951 census to 549 in the 1971 census.[18] There is very little employment in the area, with people travelling to nearby towns such as Cleobury Mortimer and Highley. The last shop and post office in the village closed in the 1980s.[4] The latest census which was carried out in 2001 shows Kinlet to have a population of 680.[3] Population data between 1801 and 1961 is from Vision of Britain and Histpop.[18][19]

Population of Kinlet
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 602 527 552 532 480 447 442 431 432 558
Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991
Population 539 536 501 475 n/a 494 501 549 n/a n/a
Year 2001
Population 680
  
Line graph showing the changes in the village population.
Kinlet Population Between 1801 and 2001

The Census of 1831 showed that the majority of people were employed in the agriculture sector, surveying males aged over 20. Agricultural labourers were the most common occupation with 90, followed by retail and handicrafts with 16.[20] Little had changed by the census of 1881 with 102 males and one female employed in agriculture. Females were also surveyed, with 74 classified as having an unknown occupation.[21]

Transport[edit]

There is a bus service through the village, operated by Central Buses. The number 125 bus service operates Mondays to Saturdays, from Bridgnorth to Stourbridge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 27 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "Kinlet Parish Council Homepage". Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Census – 2001 – Population & Age Structure". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Kinlet Parish Plan" (pdf). Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Melocki: The Register of Kinlet". Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Discovering Shropshire: History of Kinlet". Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "History of Parliament – Sir John Blount II". Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "History of Parliament – Sir John Cornwall". Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Sir George Blount". Discovering Shropshires History. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Describing Landscapes – Highley". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Discovering Shropshire's History – Kinlet Woods in the Early 20th Century". Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Kinlet C of E Primary School – About Us". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "St Johns The Baptist Church – Kinlet". English Heritage. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Kinlet Parish Council – St Johns The Baptist Church". Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Kinlet – St Johns The Baptist Church". English Church Architecture. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  16. ^ Francis, Peter (2013). Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. YouCaxton Publications. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-909644-11-3. 
  17. ^ "Kinlet Parish Council – Button Oak Church". Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f "Kinlet Population Through Time". Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "Population tables. England and Wales. Vol. I. Index, 1861, Pg 106". Histpop.org. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  20. ^ "1831 Occupational Categories". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  21. ^ "1881 Occupational Orders". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 1 May 2012.