Kinn (former municipality)

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Kinn herad
View of the local Kinn Church
View of the local Kinn Church
Official logo of Kinn herad
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Kinn within Sogn og Fjordane
Kinn within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°33′59″N 04°45′25″E / 61.56639°N 4.75694°E / 61.56639; 4.75694Coordinates: 61°33′59″N 04°45′25″E / 61.56639°N 4.75694°E / 61.56639; 4.75694
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictSunnfjord
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreKinn
Area
 • Total159 km2 (61 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1437
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byFlora Municipality in 1964

Kinn is a former municipality in the Sunnfjord district of Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. The parish of Kinn has existed for centuries and in 1838, the large parish was established as a municipality that existed from then until 1964. The municipality was centered around the island of Kinn where the main Kinn Church is located. The municipality encompassed most of the southern part of the present-day municipality of Kinn (same name, different borders) as well as parts of Askvoll (in the south) and the southwestern part of Bremanger (in the north). Upon its dissolution in 1964, it covered 159 square kilometres (61 sq mi).[1]

On 1 January 2020, the old Kinn name was brought back into use when the municipalities of Flora, Norway and Vågsøy merged, creating a new Kinn Municipality.[1]

Name[edit]

The municipality (and the island) were named after the old Kinn farm (Old Norse: Kinn) since Kinn Church is located there. The name is identical with the word for "cheek", referring to the steep slope of a mountain on the island. Historically, the name was spelled Kind.[2]

History[edit]

The parish of Kinn was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 3 January 1861, the village of Florø (population: 846) was established as a ladested (port town) and it was therefore separated from the municipality of Kinn to become a municipality of its own. This left 6,531 residents in Kinn. Then on 1 January 1866, the northern district of Kinn on the islands of Bremangerlandet and Frøya and the mainland area surrounding the Gulen Fjord (population: 1,852) was separated from Kinn to form the separate municipality of Bremanger. After the split, Kinn was left with 4,679 inhabitants.

On 1 January 1923, Kinn was split into three separate municipalities:

  • Kinn, which included the western islands and the mainland areas surrounding Florø, but not including the port town (population: 2,508)
  • Bru, which included the southern islands of Svanøy and Askrova, a small area south of the Førdefjorden, the area around the village of Stavang, and the large valley east of the village of Norddalsfjord (population: 1,560)
  • Eikefjord, which included the eastern district around the eastern end of the Eikefjorden (population: 929)

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, a merger took place which reunited most of the old municipality of Kinn. Before the merger Kinn had a population of 3,567. The new municipality was called Flora, and it included:[3]

  • the ladested of Florø (population: 2,040)
  • the municipalities of Kinn (population: 3,567) and Eikefjord (population: 919)
  • the parts of Bru municipality that were north of the Førdefjorden (population: 1,155)
  • the villages of Husefest and Breivik in Bremanger municipality (population: 9)
  • the Steindal valley area in Vevring municipality (population: 25)

Government[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Heradsstyre) of Kinn was made up of 21 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Kinn Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [4]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
 Non-socialist common list (Borgerlige felleslister)3
Total number of members:21
Kinn Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [5]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)8
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21
Kinn Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [6]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
Total number of members:16
Kinn Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [7]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
 Workers, fishermen, and farmers
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere)
6
Total number of members:16
Kinn Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [8]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:16

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Kinn. – kommune" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-09-29. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  2. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 359.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-02-16.

External links[edit]