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Kinosternon subrubrum.jpg
Mississippi mud turtle
Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Superfamily: Kinosternoidea
Family: Kinosternidae
Subfamily: Kinosterninae
Genus: Kinosternon
Spix, 1824[1]

Kinosternon is a genus of small aquatic turtles from the Americas known commonly as mud turtles.

Geographic range[edit]

They are found in the United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America. The greatest species richness is in Mexico, and only three species (K. dunni, K. leucostomum, and K. scorpioides) are found in South America.


They are very similar to the musk turtles, but generally smaller in size, and their carapaces are not as highly domed.


All mud turtles are carnivorous, consuming various aquatic invertebrates, fish, and even carrion.



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Rhodin 2010, p. 000.95-000.98
  2. ^ López-Luna, Marco A.; Cupul-Magaña, Fabio G.; Escobedo-Galván, Armando H.; González-Hernández, Adriana J.; Centenero-Alcalá, Eric; Rangel-Mendoza, Judith A.; Ramírez-Ramírez, Mariana M.; Cazares-Hernández, and Erasmo. "A Distinctive New Species of Mud Turtle from Western México". Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 2018.

External links[edit]