Tabasco mud turtle
|Tabasco mud turtle|
The Tabasco mud turtle (kinosternon acutum), commonly known as pochitoque in Tabasco, Mexico, is a small turtle which belongs to the Kinosternidae family. It can be found in central Veracruz, Tabasco, northern Guatemala and Belize. This turtle lives in smallstreams, marshes and ponds. Its feeding habits are mainly carnivorous and it is a nocturnal animal. Although this turtle doesn’t have a wide range it can be common at some sites. In Tabasco this turtle is an important part of its popular culture (Dance & Song of the “Pochitoque Jahuactero”) as well as being an ingredient in Tabasco’s gastronomy in spite of its special protected status.
Pochitoque in Tabasco's culture
In this south Mexican state this turtle has a significant importance. Since ancient time Chontales have used it as an ingredient in their traditional kitchen so next to other turtle species (jicotea and mojina), pochitoque has a huge demand among people of these Chontal communities as well as in restaurants of typical food. Pochitoque is roasted and then is eaten as a green soup with rice, this is called "pochitoque en verde".
The Pochitoque is a main character in some Chontal legends. Among Chontal people it is said that if a crocodile eats a pochitoque, this turtle eats the crocodile from the inside and survives by killing the crocodile.
Due to its protagonism in these stories, some poets and singers from Tabasco use Pochitoque as an inspiration for their poems and songs and there is a dance of Pochitoque as well. The song “Pochitoque Jahuactero” sang by a popular singer from Tabasco, talks about a Pochitoque that needs to be careful when going out of his swamp.
Special Protected Status
This turtle is vulnerable because it is eaten by locals and because of its limited range. Hunting and eating this turtle is prohibited but poaching continues. Pochitoque even has been identified in international traffic. In 2012, a Russian citizen was surprised with 322 pochitoques in his case. According to Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM059 ECOL 2001), this species has a special protected status. Different organizations operate in order to protect this species as well as help them in the process of its conservation. Communities in some states in Mexico dedicate their efforts to creating hatcheries to maintain and increase the species' numbers.
- IUCN Redlist.org
- Uwe, Fritz; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World". Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 250. ISSN 1864-5755. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Iverson, John B. (12/31/2011). "Tabasco Mud Turtle, Montera, Chechagua de Monte" (PDF). www.chelonianreasearchfoudation.org. Chelonian Research Foundation. Retrieved 12/05/2016. Check date values in:
- Saba, Samir (03/10/2009). "Pochitoque, las cosas de la naturaleza". https://samirsaba.wordpress.com/tag/pochitoque/. Retrieved 12/07/2016. Check date values in:
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- Sepulveda, Pablo (06/30/2013). "Jicotea y pochitoque: tortugas amenazadas que se van al plato". www.unionyucatan.mx. Union Yucatan. Retrieved 12/07/2016. Check date values in:
- Redaccion (12/01/2013). "Prevalece caza furtiva y venta ilegal de tortugas en Tabasco". www.sinembargo.mx. Sin Embargo. Retrieved 12/07/2016. Check date values in:
- Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group 1996. Kinosternon acutum. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 29 July 2007.
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