Kinross

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Kinross
Kinross High Street. - geograph.org.uk - 92123.jpg
High Street, Kinross
Kinross is located in Perth and Kinross
Kinross
Kinross
Location within Perth and Kinross
Area2.00 km2 (0.77 sq mi) [1]
Population5,610 (mid-2020 est.)[2]
• Density2,805/km2 (7,260/sq mi)
OS grid referenceNO1102
• Edinburgh20 mi (32 km)
• London351 mi (565 km)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townKINROSS
Postcode districtKY13
Dialling code01577
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°12′18″N 3°25′23″W / 56.205°N 3.423°W / 56.205; -3.423Coordinates: 56°12′18″N 3°25′23″W / 56.205°N 3.423°W / 56.205; -3.423

Kinross (/kɪnˈrɒs/, Scottish Gaelic: Ceann Rois) is a burgh in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, around 13 miles (21 kilometres) south of Perth and around 20 miles (32 kilometres) northwest of Edinburgh. It is the traditional county town of the historic county of Kinross-shire.

History[edit]

Kinross's origins are connected with the nearby Loch Leven and its islands whose history goes back to the 5th century AD. Kinross developed as a staging post on the Great North Road from North Queensferry to Perth. In time, local industry developed and by the early 18th century the town had grown to a population of around 600 people. By the mid-19th century, a thriving wool weaving industry had emerged.[3]

Location and transport[edit]

The site of the original Pre-Reformation parish church and churchyard are located down a small wynd overlooking Loch Leven, a little away from the town. The church was dedicated to St. Serf and was under control of Dunfermline Abbey. Noteworthy ministers included John Colden from 1593 to 1640 and his son George Colden who served until 1665. The notorious Henry Christie was minister of Kinross 1679–89.[4]

Rev Robert McGill served 1698 until 1726 and recorded supernatural events in the manse in 1718. Rev Robert Stark was initially unpopular but served 1732 to 1783.[4]

A map of Kinross from 1945

Kinross was originally linked by railway to Perthshire, Fife and Clackmannanshire until the rail links gradually disappeared. At one time three independent railway companies had their termini at the town. The Fife and Kinross Railway came from the east, the Kinross-shire Railway came from the south and The Devon Valley Railway came from the west. Kinross Junction railway station once stood on the line between Perth and Edinburgh, which was closed to make way for construction of the M90 motorway.[5] Since this time, many people working within a commuting radius of Kinross have settled in the town owing to its central location and local amenities. Locals and Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) have also asked the Scottish Government to publish a Feasibility Study into re-establishing the Perth–Edinburgh Direct Rail Link.[5] As of 2021, no such document has been published.

Kinross is served by local and long-distance bus services including Megabus services M90, M91 and M92 which call at the Sainsbury's Park & Ride site off Junction 6 of the M90 motorway.

Tourism[edit]

The burgh is located on the shores of Loch Leven. There are boat trips around the loch and to Loch Leven Castle where Mary, Queen of Scots was held prisoner in 1567.

Up to 2014 the annual T in the Park music festival. which was officially replaced by TRNSMT festival in Glasgow Green, was held nearby, at the former RAF Balado Bridge airfield. RAF Balado Bridge was also the locale of a now decommissioned NATO ICBM early warning radar and up until the late 1950s was a training base for the Royal Air Force.

Climate[edit]

As with most of the British Isles, Kinross has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Kinross (120 m or 394 ft asl, averages 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.5
(43.7)
8.6
(47.5)
11.3
(52.3)
14.6
(58.3)
17.2
(63.0)
19.3
(66.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.1
(61.0)
12.2
(54.0)
8.6
(47.5)
6.0
(42.8)
12.1
(53.8)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.0
(33.8)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41.0)
7.9
(46.2)
9.7
(49.5)
9.3
(48.7)
7.2
(45.0)
4.5
(40.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.0
(39.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 123.9
(4.88)
84.3
(3.32)
89.1
(3.51)
58.0
(2.28)
61.3
(2.41)
72.8
(2.87)
69.5
(2.74)
81.4
(3.20)
90.5
(3.56)
116.2
(4.57)
107.4
(4.23)
102.2
(4.02)
1,056.6
(41.59)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 16.8 12.8 14.5 10.9 11.2 12.3 11.6 12.8 12.9 16.1 15.0 15.1 162
Mean monthly sunshine hours 33.5 70.7 110.3 149.8 184.7 156.1 168.1 165.3 127.4 85.4 48.6 23.2 1,323.1
Source: Met Office[6]

Sport and recreation[edit]

The Loch Leven Trails offers 21 km (13 miles) of walking and cycling heritage trail around the shoreline of Loch Leven. It begins at RSPB Vane Farm Nature Reserve via Findatie to Kinross Pier/Kirkgate Park.

There is a leisure centre located in Kinross, called Loch Leven Leisure.

Kinross Trout Fishery situated just on the edge of the village is one of Scotland's premier trout fishery giving fly and bait anglers the opportunity to catch some of Scotland largest trout.

Kinross Colts FC is a community football club and registered charity with over 400 boys, girls, men and women playing in 16 teams within the club. They have two grounds locally, The Myre at Smith Street in Kinross and Donaldson Park in Milnathort.

Kinross is also home to Kinross Rugby Club, who play their games at King George V ground alongside Kinross Hockey Club. Locally the ground is known as KGV.

Notable people[edit]

Twinned Cities[edit]

Education[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kinross (Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Kinross Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland".
  4. ^ a b Fasti Ecclesiastae Scotina
  5. ^ a b "Proposals for direct Perth to Edinburgh train link to be considered by Transport Scotland". www.railtechnologymagazine.com. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Kinross climate information". Met Office. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  7. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1876,' Biographical Sketch of Andrew Barlass, pg. 475

External links[edit]