Kinsale Head gas field
|Kinsale Head gas field|
|Operators||Kinsale Energy Limited|
|Start of production||October 1978|
|Peak of production (gas; billion cubic meters per year)||2.8|
The Kinsale Head gas field is a depleted offshore natural gas field in the Celtic Sea, located 50 km (31 mi) off the southern coast of County Cork, Ireland. Discovered in 1971 near the Old Head of Kinsale, it met Ireland's gas needs until 1996. The gas field is located in a water depth of 100 metres and 1,000 metres below the seabed.
The field extends over Blocks 49/16, 48/20, 48/25, 49/21. The reservoir is a Lower Cretaceous sandstone (Wealden and Greensand) lying at a depth of 2,700 to 3,100 feet. The gas composition was >99% methane with a calorific value of 1.012 Btu/ cubic foot.
Operator Kinsale Energy Limited extracted its last commercial quantity of gas on 5 July 2020, after which they ceased production. Decommissioning works began immediately afterwards and are expected to conclude in 2023. These works will include the removal of both platforms. During its 42 years in operation, the Kinsale gas field produced an estimated 2 trillion cubic feet (57 billion cubic metres) of natural gas.
Marathon Oil's Irish subsidiary Marathon Petroleum Ireland Ltd., started exploring for oil off the south coast of Ireland and in 1971 instead of finding oil, gas was found off the Old Head of Kinsale by the drill ship Glomar North Sea. The discovery was confirmed as being commercially viable. Bord Gáis Éireann was established in 1975 and confirmed by the Oireachtas in 1976 under The Gas Act (1976) as the supplier and distributor of gas in Ireland. Gas came on stream in 1978.
The field has was developed through two offshore installations.
|Platform||Block||Coordinates||Function||Type||Legs||Well slots||Installed||Production start||Production capacity||Production to|
|Kinsale A||49/16||51°22’15”N 07°56’43”W||Drilling, processing and accommodation||Steel jacket||8||9 (7 used)||April 1977||October 1978||180 MMSCFD||Inch Beach via 35-mile 24-inch pipeline|
|Kinsale B||48/20||51°21’39”N 08°00’56”W||Drilling, processing and accommodation||Steel jacket||8||9 (7 used)||May 1977||November 1979||90 MMSCFD||Kinsale A via 3-mile 24-inch pipeline|
The process plant comprises a gas/liquid separator, gas is dehydrated in a glycol dehydrator.
Production of gas (in million cubic feet) was:
Peak production occurred in 1995.
A number of small fields now feed the Kinsale Head platforms including Ballycotton (discovered 1991), Southwest Kinsale (1999) and Seven Heads (2003). Southwest Kinsale was later used for gas storage, primarily for the winter months. These subsea completions are summarized in the following table.
|Name||Location||Coordinates||Water depth||No. of wellheads||Production start||Production to|
|Ballycotton||48/20||51.45194N 8.12456W||87 m||1||1991||Kinsale Head Bravo|
|South West Kinsale||48/25||50.32711N 8.09843W||93 m||3||2001||Kinsale Head Bravo|
|Greensand||48/25||51.32642N 8.09909W||93 m||1||2003||Kinsale Head Bravo|
|Seven Heads||48/24||51.1968N 8.33418W||93 m||5||2003||Kinsale Head Alpha|
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