Kintail

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Kintail National Scenic Area
Five Sisters of Kintail.jpg
Five Sisters of Kintail from Màm Ratagan
Map showing the location of Kintail National Scenic Area
Map showing the location of Kintail National Scenic Area
Location of Kintail within Highland
LocationHighland, Scotland
Coordinates57°12′21″N 5°21′8″W / 57.20583°N 5.35222°W / 57.20583; -5.35222Coordinates: 57°12′21″N 5°21′8″W / 57.20583°N 5.35222°W / 57.20583; -5.35222
Area171 km2 (66 sq mi)[1]
Established1981
Governing bodyScottish Natural Heritage

Kintail (Scottish Gaelic: Cinn Tàile) is an area of mountains in the Northwest Highlands of Scotland, located in the Highland Council area. It consists of the mountains to the north of Glen Shiel and the A87 road between the heads of Loch Duich and Loch Cluanie; its boundaries, other than Glen Shiel, are generally taken to be the valleys of Strath Croe and Gleann Gaorsaic to the north and An Caorann Mòr to the east. Although close to the west coast the mountains lie on the main east-west watershed of Scotland,[2] as the northern side of Kintail drains via Glen Affric[3] to the east coast.

Kintail gives its name to the Kintail National Scenic Area, one of the forty national scenic areas in Scotland, which are defined so as to identify areas of exceptional scenery and to ensure its protection from inappropriate development.[4] The designated area includes the mountains of Kintail proper, as well as the southern side of Glen Shiel from the site of the Battle of Glen Shiel west to the shores of Loch Duich, and extends west to as far as Dornie on the north shore of Loch Duich.[5] The designated area covers 17,149 ha in total, of which 16,070 ha is on land, with a further 1079 ha being marine (i.e. below low tide level),[1] consisting of the sea loch of Loch Duich.[5] The area is considered to encapsulate the scenery of the west highlands, being composed of ridges and peaks that rise steeply from narrow glens and the sea.[2]

The main settlement within Kintail is Morvich, located to the northwest of the mountains, just off the A87 road.[3] Morvich serves as the location of the base for Kintail Mountain Rescue Team,[6] as well a campsite operated by The Caravan Club.[7]

Mountains[edit]

Four of the Five Sisters of Kintail from Shiel Bridge

The hills to the north-east of Glen Shiel are known as the Five Sisters Of Kintail (Gaelic: Còig Peathraichean Chinn Tàile, although the name is not derived from the Gaelic), and form a high ridge some 8 km (5.0 mi) long rising steeply from Glen Shiel to a maximum height of 1,067 metres (3,501 feet). According to legend, the five sisters are the oldest of seven sisters, as the youngest two sisters fell in love with two Irish princes who washed ashore during a storm. Their father would only allow them to marry once the older sisters has also been married, and so the princes agreed to send their other five brothers once they had returned to Ireland with their new wives. Although the princes failed to appear, the five sisters continued to wait, eventually turning into mountains to extend their vigil into eternity.[2][8] The five distinctly pointed summits (Sgùrr na Ciste Duibhe, Sgùrr na Càrnach, Sgùrr Fhuaran, Sgùrr nan Saighead and Sgurr na Moraich) are a well-known landmark and a popular hillwalking expedition.[9] Three of the Five Sisters, which are all over 3,000 feet, are classified as full Munros, with the other two being subsidiary Munro tops.[9]

The ridge containing the Five Sisters continues unbroken to the east where it takes in a further three Munros (Sgùrr a' Bhealaich Dheirg, Sàileag and Aonach Meadhoin) which are often known as the Brothers of Kintail.[10] Beinn Fhada (Ben Attow) is the other main mountain in the area.[9]

Ownership[edit]

Most of Kintail is owned by the National Trust for Scotland (NTS).[11] The Trust's Kintail and Morvich estate covers 74 square kilometres (29 sq mi) and includes the Falls of Glomach, one of the highest waterfalls in Great Britain. The estate was purchased for the NTS in 1944 by Percy Unna,[12] the Scottish Mountaineering Club president who also acquired Glen Coe for the Trust. NTS operate an outdoor education centre in Morvich, which provides accommodation for groups such as school parties undertaking field studies and outdoor pursuits.[13][14]

Wildlife and nature[edit]

Bird species found within Kintail include golden eagles, merlins and black-throated divers.[14] Otters are relatively common, and pine martens also inhabit the wooded parts of the area,[14] whilst red deer can be seen on the lower slopes of the mountains.[15] Kintail is also home to herd of feral goats, thought to be descendants of goats first brought to Britain in around 3000 BCE by neolithic farmers. Due to this origin they are considered non-native, and as there are currently no top predators for goats NTS are considering a cull to reduce the herd, which currently numbers around 100, in order to reduce pressures on vegetation and allow the area of land covered by native woodland to increase.[16]

Historical landmarks[edit]

A 1.75 m high, 2,000-year-old standing stone known as Cill Fhearchair stands within a burial ground near Shiel Bridge.[15][17]

A large boulder lying on the steep southwest slopes of Sgùrr na Ciste Duibhe is known as "Prince Charlie's Stone", as it the place where Charles Edward Stuart spent a day in the summer of 1746 hiding from government troops. At the time he had a £30,000 bounty on his head after fleeing after the Battle of Culloden.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Scenic Areas - Maps". SNH. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  2. ^ a b c "The special qualities of the National Scenic Areas" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2010. pp. 181–187. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  3. ^ a b Ordnance Survey. Landranger 1:50000 Map Sheet 33 (Loch Alsh, Glen Shiel & Loch Hourn)
  4. ^ "National Scenic Areas". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  5. ^ a b "Map: Kintail National Scenic Area" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  6. ^ "The Team Base at Morvich". Kintail Mountain Rescue Team. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
  7. ^ "Link Details - Morvich Caravan Club Site". ScottishCamping. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
  8. ^ Love of Scotland blog (2010-04-02). "Five Sisters Of Kintail". Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  9. ^ a b c D. Bennet & R. Anderson. The Munros: Scottish Mountaineering Club Hillwalkers Guide, pp. 193-195. Published 2016.
  10. ^ "Brothers Ridge - Sgurr a Bhealaich Dheirg". Walk Highlands. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  11. ^ "Property Page: Kintail & Falls of Glomach". Who Owns Scotland. 2010-09-21. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  12. ^ Townsend, Chris (2011). Scotland. Cicerone Press Limited. p. 356. ISBN 9781849653534.
  13. ^ "Morvich Outdoor Centre - Kintail and Morvich". National Trust For Scotland. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  14. ^ a b c "Kintail Teacher Information". National Trust For Scotland. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  15. ^ a b "Kintail and Morvich". National Trust For Scotland. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  16. ^ "Cull looms for 'destructive' herd of feral goats". The Scotsman. 2017-01-07. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  17. ^ "Cille Fhearchair, Shiel Bridge". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  18. ^ John Macleod, Highlanders: A History of the Gaels, London: Sceptre, 1997, ISBN 0340639911 p. 173

External links[edit]