Kintore, Northern Territory
|Population||454 (2011 census)|
|Time zone||ACST (UTC+9:30)|
|Location||521 km (324 mi) from Alice Springs, Northern Territory|
Kintore (Pintupi: Walungurru) is a remote settlement in the Northern Territory of Australia about 530 km west of Alice Springs and close to the border with Western Australia. At the 2011 census, Kintore had a population of 454, of which 413 (91 per cent) identified themselves as Aboriginal.
It was founded in 1981, when many Pintupi people who lived in the community of Papunya (about 240 km from Alice Springs) became unhappy with their circumstances in what they saw as foreign country, and decided to move back to their own country, from which they had been forcibly removed decades earlier due to weapons testing from Woomera in South Australia.
Kintore is overseen by the Western MacDonnell Shire, which is based in Alice Springs. The community also has a NT Government funded primary school, an independent store trading as Puli Kutjarra (meaning Two Rocks/mountains in Pintupi language), an airstrip, an independent health clinic called Pintupi Homelands Health Service, a women's centre called Ngintaka Women's Centre, haemodialysis at The Purple House run by Western Desert Dialysis, a high school run by Yirara College, and an arts centre run by Papunya Tula Artists Pty. Ltd. The town is in the territory electorate of Namatjira and the federal electorate of Lingiari.
Kintore is a major centre for the Western Desert art movement which began at the community of Papunya. These people traditionally passed on significant Dreamtime stories by way of art using sand, rock and local plants. Nowadays such paintings are done on canvas and have gained worldwide popularity. A number of members of the famous Aboriginal art company Papunya Tula live at Kintore.
Notes and references
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