Kinzig (Main)

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Kinzig
Kinzig Bulau 2.jpg
Kinzig in the Bulau near Hanau
Location Hesse, Germany
Reference no. DE: 2478
Basin features
Main source 500 m southwest of the village of Sinntal-Sterbfritz
400 m above sea level (NN)
50°18′13″N 9°37′11″E / 50.303479°N 9.619721°E / 50.303479; 9.619721Coordinates: 50°18′13″N 9°37′11″E / 50.303479°N 9.619721°E / 50.303479; 9.619721
River mouth West of the Altstadt of Hanau into the Main at river kilometre 55
99 m above sea level (NN)
50°07′46″N 8°54′08″E / 50.129534°N 8.90222°E / 50.129534; 8.90222
Progression Main → Rhine → North Sea
River system Rhine
Basin size 1,058.283 km² [1]
Landmarks
Tributaries
Waterbodies Reservoirs: Kinzig-Stausee
Physical characteristics
Length 86 km [1]
Discharge
  • Location:
    [1][2] at its mouth
  • Average rate:
    10.97 m³/s
Navigable No (in the Middle Ages from Gelnhausen to its mouth)
Kinzig-muendung-hu001.jpg
Mouth in Hanau

The Kinzig is a river, 86 kilometres long, in southern Hesse, Germany. It is a right tributary of the Main. It is 82 km long. Its source is in the Spessart hills at Sterbfritz, near Schlüchtern. The Kinzig flows into the Main in Hanau. The Main-Kinzig-Kreis (district) was named after the river. The towns along the Kinzig are Schlüchtern, Steinau an der Straße, Bad Soden-Salmünster, Gelnhausen, and Hanau. The Kinzig is first recorded in 815 A.D. as Chinzicha.

This river played a part in the Battle of Hanau in October 1813, as Napoleon retreated back to the Rhine, after his defeat at the Battle of Leipzig.

Geography[edit]

Source[edit]

The source of the Kinzig in Sterbfritz

The source of the Kinzig (Kinzigquelle) is located at a height of about 400 m above sea level (NN), in the vicinity of an Aussiedlerhof, a recently established farmstead outside a village, south of Sterbfritz in the municipality of Sinntal. It is a small spring, enclosed in sandstone, that has an outflow pipe. The headstream that rises here flows for a few metres towards the northwest where it units with a longer headstream.

Course[edit]

From its source, the Kinzig runs northwest and forms the boundary between the Hessian Rhön Nature Park and the Hessian Spessart Nature Park as far as [Schlüchtern]]. West of Schlüchtern the Kinzig flows in a southwesterly direction and separates the Vogelsberg hills to the north from the Spessart to the south. Between Steinau and Ahl is the Kinzig Dam. In its lower reaches the Kinzig is used by canoeists. Shortly before Hanau the Kinzig flows through the so-called Bulau. This woodland area was formerly used by the US Army as an exercise area and is therefore still very natural. During high water, water flows rapidly through many ditches in the water meadows so that, in spring, extensive bear garlic meadows appear. After about 82 kilometres, the river empties into the Main in Hanau at a height of about 100 m above sea level (NN). Here, there are balcony-like views of the castle of Philippsruhe or the Main river port. The observation platform comprises two interleaved terraces linked by a steel wall.

Places on the Kinzig[edit]

(in downstream order)

Tributaries[edit]

The Kinzig catchment covers an area of 1,058 square kilometres.[3]

The most important tributaries (>10 km) are (in downstream order)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Topographic map, 1:25,000 series and WRRL database
  2. ^ Pegelwert Hanau vermehrt um den Gebietsabfluss des Resteinzugsgebietes (137,08 km²), ermittelt aus den Daten der Pegel Rück, Hainstadt, Goldbach, Harreshausen, Alzenau, Hanau, Kleinheubach und Frankfurt a.M. Osthafen
  3. ^ Retentionskataster Flussgebiet Kinzig

External links[edit]