Kiowa County, Kansas

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Kiowa County, Kansas
County
Kiowa county kansas courthouse 2009.jpg
New 2009 County Courthouse in Greensburg
Map of Kansas highlighting Kiowa County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Kiowa tribe
Seat Greensburg
Largest city Greensburg
Area
 • Total 723 sq mi (1,873 km2)
 • Land 723 sq mi (1,873 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 2,483
 • Density 3.5/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website KiowaCountyKS.org

Kiowa County (standard abbreviation: KW) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,553.[1] The largest city and county seat is Greensburg.[2]

History[edit]

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Kiowa County was established and named after the Kiowa tribe.[3]

21st century[edit]

On May 4, 2007, Greensburg was devastated by an EF5 tornado during the May 2007 tornado outbreak.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 723 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 723 square miles (1,870 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.[4]

Kiowa County has a large number of iron-rich meteorites in its soil due to the Brenham meteor fall over 10 thousand years ago.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,873
1900 2,365 −17.7%
1910 6,174 161.1%
1920 6,164 −0.2%
1930 6,035 −2.1%
1940 5,112 −15.3%
1950 4,743 −7.2%
1960 4,626 −2.5%
1970 4,088 −11.6%
1980 4,046 −1.0%
1990 3,660 −9.5%
2000 3,278 −10.4%
2010 2,553 −22.1%
Est. 2016 2,483 [5] −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 3,278 people, 1,365 households, and 924 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,643 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.19% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.98% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 2.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,365 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 5.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 21.80% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,576, and the median income for a family was $40,950. Males had a median income of $29,063 versus $20,764 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,207. About 7.40% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 83.4% 900 10.6% 114 6.0% 65
2012 85.3% 976 14.3% 163 0.4% 5
2008 80.4% 912 17.6% 200 2.0% 23
2004 81.5% 1,275 16.4% 256 2.2% 34
2000 78.5% 1,262 18.3% 294 3.2% 52
1996 71.0% 1,264 18.6% 331 10.5% 186
1992 55.9% 1,057 18.8% 355 25.3% 479
1988 71.1% 1,276 27.0% 485 1.9% 34
1984 79.5% 1,537 18.7% 361 1.8% 35
1980 72.2% 1,433 22.1% 438 5.8% 115
1976 59.5% 1,180 38.5% 764 2.0% 40
1972 76.4% 1,559 19.9% 406 3.8% 77
1968 70.9% 1,484 23.0% 481 6.2% 129
1964 53.3% 1,135 45.5% 970 1.2% 25
1960 74.6% 1,662 24.9% 555 0.5% 12
1956 76.2% 1,717 22.9% 517 0.9% 20
1952 78.6% 1,838 18.5% 432 2.9% 68
1948 59.8% 1,258 34.3% 722 5.9% 124
1944 69.6% 1,479 29.1% 618 1.3% 28
1940 64.1% 1,571 34.4% 844 1.5% 36
1936 47.3% 1,280 52.4% 1,417 0.3% 8
1932 52.2% 1,306 46.4% 1,159 1.4% 35
1928 82.1% 1,929 17.3% 406 0.6% 15
1924 70.1% 1,541 22.7% 498 7.3% 160
1920 69.5% 1,411 28.9% 587 1.6% 32
1916 41.0% 901 43.5% 956 15.6% 342
1912 19.6% 276 35.9% 506 44.5% 627[a]
1908 59.5% 699 34.8% 409 5.7% 67
1904 59.2% 494 30.1% 251 10.7% 89
1900 51.5% 322 46.9% 293 1.6% 10
1896 49.8% 250 48.8% 245 1.4% 7
1892 50.4% 398 49.6% 391
1888 50.3% 525 36.5% 381 13.1% 137

Like all of the High Plains, Kiowa County is overwhelmingly Republican. The only Democrat to ever win a majority in the county has been Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, who ironically achieved the feat against Kansas native Alf Landon. Woodrow Wilson won a plurality in 1916, but since 1944 only three Democrats have reached thirty percent of the county’s vote, and Michael Dukakis in 1988 during a major drought and consequent farm crisis is the last Democrat to receive so much as twenty percent.

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Kiowa County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[12]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Kiowa County (map legend)

Incorporated cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Kiowa County has only one township, and none of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent; all figures for the township include those of the cities.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Kiowa Rural 37185 3,278 2 (5) 1,871 (722) 1 (0) 0.03% 37°34′45″N 99°15′28″W / 37.57917°N 99.25778°W / 37.57917; -99.25778

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 176. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This total comprises 549 votes (38.96 percent) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt (who carried the county), 72 votes (5.11 percent) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs, and six votes (0.43 percent) for write-in candidates.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Historical
  • Kiowa County from American History and Genealogy Project (AHGP)
Maps

Coordinates: 37°34′N 99°17′W / 37.567°N 99.283°W / 37.567; -99.283