Kip (artistic gymnastics)
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The kip is an important skill that is used as both a mount and an element or connecting skill in a bar routine. The kip allows the gymnast to swing below the bar to arrive in a front support on the bar. From the front support, the gymnast may then perform any number of skills. The glide kip is the most commonly used mount on the women's uneven bars.
The kip has been used since the early days of modern gymnastics. Currently, in the USA, the kip first appears in the women's USAG Level 5. Previously, USAG Level 4 also included a glide kip. According to a recent (October '09) survey sent out to USAG Professional Members, the glide kip may again be introduced in the level 4 routine starting in 2013.
Variations of the kip include the long hang kip, glide kip, drop kip, kip with stoop through and kip with jump turn.
- The glide kip may be used as a mount or a connecting skill. The glide kip is performed by swinging in a piked hollow position, toes in front, under the bar to extend to a straight hollow position parallel to the floor. Once extended, the gymnast quickly pulls his or her feet towards the bar while simultaneously pushing down with straight arms to arrive in a straight hollow front support on the bar. Taller gymnasts may perform the glide kip in a straddle hollow rather than piked hollow swing, joining the feet together at extension, before initiating the kipping action.
- The long hang kip utilizes the gymnast's ability to swing on the high bar to perform a kip. Unlike a glide kip, the long hang kip does not swing in a piked hollow position nor does it swing all the way out to horizontal. A long hang kip begins with a straight hollow swing under the bar and performs the kipping action (the pulling of the feet to the bar while pushing with the arms) much earlier in the swing than does a glide kip.
- The drop kip is a kip often used in gymnastics conditioning, both to strengthen the muscles of those who already are able to perform a kip as well as to help new students learn a kip. This kip utilizes little swing, rather, it requires a great deal of strength on the part of the gymnast. The gymnast begins in a front support on the bar, thighs on the bar, chest in hollow. He or she then drops backwards with straight arms, "sliding" the bar down his or her legs to his or her feet. His or her shins or feet must stay close to the bar. After completing his or her small swing backwards he or she begins the kipping action by pushing down with straight arms to arrive again in a hollow front support on the bar.
- The glide kip with stoop through is performed by executing a glide kip, but bringing the feet and straight legs between the bar and the arms to finish sitting on top of the bar. The gymnast typically will then use the propulsion of the kip to push off the low bar and catch the high bar. This skill may also be performed by straddling the legs over the bar rather than piking between the hands.
- The jump with 1/2 turn to kip and jump with 1/1 turn to kip is a kip performed with a jump half or jump full turn prior to catching the bar. When a jump half turn is performed, the gymnast does not swing but immediately kips from the air. When a jump full turn is performed, the gymnast completes the swing as usual before kipping. This skill may be performed on the low or the high bar.
- Junior Olympic Program Survey - Proposed Compulsory Elements for the 2013-2020 Cycle
- Goeller, Karen M. "Ahhh... The Glide Kip" Technique Magazine Nov./Dec. 2004
- Vazquez, Jesus "7 Core Elements to Successful Bars" Technique Magazine January 2001
- Geddert, John "Beginning Uneven Bars" Technique Magazine April 2001