Thurston High School shooting
|Thurston High School shooting|
|Date||May 21, 1998 |
7:55 am PST
|Target||Kinkel's parents, students and staff at Thurston High School|
|Spree shooting, school shooting, matricide, patricide|
|Deaths||4 total (two at school; two at perpetrator's home)|
The Thurston High School shooting took place on May 21, 1998. Expelled student Kip Kinkel first murdered his parents before engaging in a school shooting at Thurston High School in Springfield, Oregon that left two students dead and 25 others wounded. Kinkel is currently serving a 120-year sentence without the possibility of parole.
Events leading to shooting
On May 20, 1998, 15-year-old Kinkel was suspended pending an expulsion hearing from Thurston High School in Springfield, Oregon, for being in possession of a loaded, stolen handgun. A friend of Kinkel had stolen a pistol from the father of one of his friends and arranged to sell the weapon to Kinkel the night before. Kinkel paid $110 for the Beretta Model 90 .32-caliber pistol loaded with a nine-round magazine, which he then placed in a paper bag and left in his locker. When the father discovered he was missing a handgun, he reported it to the police and supplied the names of students he believed might have stolen the firearm. Kinkel's name was not on the list. The school became aware of his possible involvement and questioned him. When he was checked for weapons, he reportedly stated: "Look, I'm gonna be square with you guys; the gun's in my locker." Kinkel was suspended pending an expulsion hearing, and he and his friend were arrested. Kinkel was released from police custody and driven home by his father.
Murder of parents
At home that afternoon, Kinkel was told by his father that he would be sent to military school if he did not improve his behavior. According to Kinkel's taped confession, at about 3:00 p.m., his father was seated at the kitchen counter drinking coffee. Kinkel retrieved his Ruger .22-caliber semi-automatic rifle from his bedroom and ammunition from his parents' bedroom. He then went to the kitchen and shot his father once in the back of the head, then dragged his body into the bathroom and covered it with a sheet. Kinkel further stated that his mother arrived home at about 6:30 p.m., and that he met her in the garage, told her he loved her, then shot her twice in the back of the head, three times in the face, and once in the heart. He then dragged her body across the floor and covered it with a sheet.
Throughout the next morning, Kinkel repeatedly played a recording of "Liebestod", the final dramatic aria from Wagner's opera Tristan und Isolde, on the family's sound system. The recording was featured in the 1996 film Romeo + Juliet, and included on the compact disc (CD) of the film's soundtrack. When police arrived at the house, they found "opera music" from the soundtrack playing loudly with the CD player set to continuous play. In a note Kinkel left on a coffee table in the living room, he described his motive for killing his parents thus: "I just got two felonies on my record. My parents can't take that! It would destroy them. The embarrassment would be too much for them. They couldn't live with themselves." But as the note continues, he attempts to describe his mental state: "My head just doesn't work right. God damn these VOICES inside my head. ... I have to kill people. I don't know why. ... I have no other choice."
On May 21, Kinkel drove his mother's Ford Explorer to the high school. He wore a trench coat to hide the five weapons he carried: two hunting knives, his rifle, a 9x19mm Glock 19 pistol, and a .22-caliber Ruger MK II pistol. He was carrying 1,127 rounds of ammunition.
Kinkel parked on North 61st Street, two blocks from the school, then jogged to the campus, entered the patio area and fired two shots, one fatally wounding Ben Walker and the other wounding Ryan Atteberry. He went to the cafeteria and, walking across it, fired the remaining 48 rounds from his rifle, wounding 24 students and fatally wounding 17-year-old Mikael Nickolauson. Kinkel fired a total of 50 rounds, 37 of which struck students, and killed two.
When Kinkel's rifle ran out of ammunition and he began to reload, wounded student Jacob Ryker tackled him, assisted by several other students. Kinkel drew the Glock from his belt and fired one shot before he was disarmed, injuring Ryker again as well as another student. He yelled at the students, "Just kill me!" The students restrained Kinkel until the police arrived and arrested him. A total of seven students were involved in subduing and disarming Kinkel. In custody, Kinkel retrieved a knife that was secured on his leg and attacked a police officer, begging to be fatally shot. The officer subdued him with pepper spray.
Nickolauson died at the scene; Walker died after being transported to the hospital and kept on life support until his parents arrived. The other students, including Ryker, were also taken to the hospital with a variety of wounds. Ryker had a perforated lung, but he made a full recovery. He received the Boy Scouts of America Honor Medal with Crossed Palms for his heroism on the day of the attack.
Kipland Phillip Kinkel
August 30, 1982
|Parent(s)||William Kinkel (father)|
Faith Zuranski (mother) (both deceased)
|Criminal penalty||111 years (without the possibility of parole)|
Kipland Philip Kinkel (born August 30, 1982 in Springfield, Oregon), is the second child of William and Faith (née Zuranski) Kinkel. He has an older sister, Kristin. His parents were both Spanish teachers. Faith taught Spanish at Springfield High School, and William taught at Thurston High School and Lane Community College.
There was a widespread history of serious mental illnesses in both sides of the family. The parents concealed this from psychologists.
According to all accounts, Kinkel's parents were loving and supportive. His sister Kristin was a gifted student. The Kinkel family spent a sabbatical year in Spain when Kip was six, where he attended a Spanish-speaking kindergarten. Kinkel reportedly attended in an "unnormal" way, and his family said that he struggled with the curriculum. When Kinkel returned to Oregon, he attended elementary school in the small community of Walterville, about five miles east of Springfield. His teachers considered him immature and lacking physical and emotional development. Based on the recommendation of his teachers, Kinkel's parents had him repeat the first grade. In the repeat, he was diagnosed with dyslexia, which became worse, and he was placed in extensive special education classes by the beginning of second grade.
Kinkel had an interest in firearms and explosives from an early age. His father initially discouraged this, but later enrolled him at gun safety courses, buying him a .22 caliber long rifle and eventually a 9mm Glock handgun at the age of 15.
Classmates described Kinkel as strange and morbid. Others characterized him as psychotic or schizoid, and as someone who enjoyed listening to rock bands such as Nine Inch Nails, Rage Against the Machine and Marilyn Manson. He constantly talked about committing acts of violence, telling friends that he wanted to join the U.S. Army after graduation to find out what it was like to kill someone. When asked about a family trip to Disneyland, he commented that he wanted to "punch Mickey Mouse in the nose." He once gave a "how-to" speech in bomb-making to his speech class and set off "stink bombs" in the lockers of classmates. Kinkel studied William Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet in his English class and related with the protagonists, and became enamored with the 1996 modernized film adaptation, which featured heavy use of firearms.
Kinkel's parents enrolled him in anger management and had him evaluated by psychologists. Shortly before being murdered, Kinkel's father confided to a friend that he was "terrified" and had run out of options to help his son.
Kinkel exhibited signs of paranoid schizophrenia, the full extent of which became apparent only after his trial. The youth had gone to great lengths to hide any symptoms due to a fear of being labelled abnormal or mentally retarded. His doctors later said that Kinkel had told them of hearing voices in his head from the age of 12; he eventually suffered from hallucinations and paranoid delusions — including the belief that the government had implanted a computer chip in his brain. Kinkel described three voices: "Voice A," who commanded Kinkel to commit violent acts, "Voice B," who repeated insulting and depressive statements at the expense of Kinkel, and "Voice C," who constantly echoed what A and B said. Kinkel claimed that he felt punished by God for being subjected to these voices, and that it was Voice A who instigated the killing of his father, mother, and the subsequent attack at Thurston High School.
Trial and imprisonment
At the police station, Kinkel lunged at officer Al Warthen with his knife, screaming, "Shoot me, kill me!" The officer repelled Kinkel with pepper spray. Kinkel later said that he wanted to trick the officer into shooting him, and that he had wanted to die by suicide after killing his parents but could not bring himself to do so.
At his sentencing, the defense presented experts on mental health to show that the assailant was mentally ill. Jeffrey Hicks, the only psychologist who had treated Kinkel before the shootings, said that he was in satisfactory mental health. He had seen Kinkel for nine sessions and treated him for major depression. The boy's parents terminated the therapy because Kinkel was responding well to treatment and ceased to show symptoms of depression.
On September 24, 1999, three days before jury selection was set to begin, Kinkel pleaded guilty to murder and attempted murder, forgoing the possibility of being acquitted by reason of insanity. In November 1999, Kinkel was sentenced to 111 years in prison without the possibility of parole. At sentencing, Kinkel apologized to the court for the murder of his parents and the shooting spree.
In June 2007, Kinkel sought a new trial, saying that his previous attorneys should have taken the case to trial and used the insanity defense. Two psychiatrists testified that Kinkel exhibited signs of paranoid schizophrenia at the time of the shooting. In August 2007, a Marion County judge denied him a new trial. Kinkel appealed, arguing among other things that he had had ineffective assistance of counsel during the trial proceedings. On January 12, 2011, the Oregon Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court judgment, denying his motion for a new trial. Kinkel has appealed his sentence in both federal and state courts. In federal court he claimed his guilty plea should not have been accepted without a prior mental health evaluation. In state court, Kinkel challenged the validity of the virtual life sentence he was given, citing Miller v. Alabama. Shortly before he was to go to trial, Kinkel abandoned an insanity defense and accepted a plea deal to serve 25 years for shooting his parents, William Kinkel, 59, and Faith Kinkel, 57, and two Thurston High School students Mikael Nickolauson, 17, and Ben Walker, 16. But the deal also allowed a Lane County judge to tack on 40 months for each of the 26 attempted murder counts Kinkel faced for wounding the other students and lunging at an officer with a knife once in custody which added up to 111 years in prison. However, a pending measure 11 reform bill could possibly reduce his sentence or even have him automatically released if passed.
Kinkel is incarcerated at the Oregon State Correctional Institution in Salem. He received his GED while serving a portion of his life sentence at MacLaren Youth Correctional Facility in Woodburn. On June 11, 2007, Kinkel, nearing his 25th birthday (the maximum age to be held as a juvenile in Oregon), was transferred from the Oregon Youth Authority, MacLaren Correctional Facility, to the Oregon State Correctional Institution.
- "The Killer at Thurston High". Frontline. PBS. January 18, 2000. Retrieved June 24, 2007.
- Böckler, Nils; Seeger, Thorsten (December 13, 2012). School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention. Springer. p. 150. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-5526-4. ISBN 9781461455264.
- Bull, Brian (May 15, 2018). "Remembering Thurston Pt. 1: 20 Years Later, Wounds And Questions Still Linger". KLCC. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- "Who Is Kip Kinkel?; Kip's Writings and Statements". Frontline. January 18, 2000. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- Fancher, Nicole (October 2, 2006). "8 years later: Thurston and Kinkel revisited". Oregon Daily Emerald. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- Verhovek, Sam Howe (November 11, 1999). "Teenager To Spend Life in Prison For Shootings". The New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
- Savidge, Martin (May 22, 1998). "Accused Oregon school shooter shows no emotion in court". CNN. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- Cooper, Matt (April 30, 2003). "Thurston Memorial Dedication on May 21". The Register-Guard. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "Hero Scout gets award". Amarillo Globe News. August 11, 1998. Archived from the original on August 5, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- Bernstein, Maxine; Filips, Janet (May 30, 1998). "A Springfield tribute: Kinkels remembered with joy". The Oregonian. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
- Langman, Peter (January 6, 2009). Why Kids Kill (1st ed.). St. Martin's Press. p. 180. ISBN 9780230608023.
- Ramsland, Katherine. "Kipland Kinkel - School Killers". Crime Library. Archived from the original on February 16, 2003.
- Reed, Christopher (May 22, 1998). "How 'schizoid' kid from good home turned to murder at Oregon school". The Guardian.
- Lupton, Deborah (December 9, 1999). Risk and Sociocultural Theory: New Directions and Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. p. 95. ISBN 9780521645546.
- Giroux, Henry A.; Pollock, Grace (April 28, 1999). The Mouse that Roared: Disney and the End of Innocence (2nd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781442201446. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
- Rogers, Patrick (June 8, 1998). "Mortal Lessons". People. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- McCall, William (June 19, 2007). "Doctors: Kinkel hid schizophrenia". KATU. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
- "Kip Kinkel's Trial Transcript" (PDF). Peter Langman. 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2008.
- Hicks, Jeffrey L. (January 20, 1997). "Dr. Hicks' Treatment Notes on Kip Kinkel". PBS. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Kinkel v. Lawhead In the Court of Appeals of the State of Oregon: Filed January 12, 2011 Retrieved June 21, 2013
- "Kip Kinkel uses landmark U.S. Supreme Court ruling to challenge sentence". The Oregonian. April 26, 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
- Wieber, Aubrey (April 25, 2019). "Measure 11 reform bill to bring about the release of Kip Kinkel? Legislative lawyers say no". Salem Reporter. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- "Thurston Shooter Kip Kinkel Transferred to Oregon State Prison". Salem News. June 11, 2007. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- "Kipland Kinkel." CourtTV.
- Logman, Jere. "Shootings in a Schoolhouse; Wounded Teen-Ager Is Called a Hero." The New York Times. May 23, 1998.