Kipini (Martian crater)
Kipini is an impact crater in the Oxia Palus quadrangle of Mars. It is located at 26.1° N and 31.6° W It is named after a Town in Kenya. Impact craters generally have a rim with ejecta around them, in contrast volcanic craters usually do not have a rim or ejecta deposits. As craters get larger (greater than 10 km in diameter) they usually have a central peak. The peak is caused by a rebound of the crater floor following the impact. If one measures the diameter of a crater, the original depth can be estimated with various ratios. Because of this relationship, researchers have found that many Martian craters contain a great deal of material; much of it is believed to be ice deposited when the climate was different.
Kipini Crater, as seen by CTX camera (on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter).
- "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature | Kipini". usgs.gov. International Astronomical Union. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- Hugh H. Kieffer (1992). Mars. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0-8165-1257-7. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
- Garvin, J., et al. 2002. Global geometric properities of martian impact craters. Lunar Planet Sci. 33. Abstract @1255.
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