Kippel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kippel
Camping ground at Kippel (4).jpg
Coat of arms of Kippel
Coat of arms
Kippel is located in Switzerland
Kippel
Kippel
Location of Kippel
Karte Gemeinde Kippel 2009.png
Kippel is located in Canton of Valais
Kippel
Kippel
Kippel (Canton of Valais)
Coordinates: 46°23′N 7°46′E / 46.383°N 7.767°E / 46.383; 7.767Coordinates: 46°23′N 7°46′E / 46.383°N 7.767°E / 46.383; 7.767
Country Switzerland
Canton Valais
District Raron
Government
 • Mayor Bernhard Rieder
Area[1]
 • Total 11.68 km2 (4.51 sq mi)
Elevation 1,376 m (4,514 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 340
 • Density 29/km2 (75/sq mi)
Postal code 3917
SFOS number 6197
Surrounded by Ferden, Kandersteg (BE), Niedergesteln, Wiler (Lötschen)
Website www.kippel.ch
SFSO statistics

Kippel is a municipality in the district of Raron in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Kippel is first mentioned in 1437 as kypil.[3]

Geography[edit]

Kippel village

Kippel has an area, as of 2009, of 11.7 square kilometers (4.5 sq mi). Of this area, 2.73 km2 (1.05 sq mi) or 23.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 4.12 km2 (1.59 sq mi) or 35.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.2 km2 (0.077 sq mi) or 1.7% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.09 km2 (22 acres) or 0.8% is either rivers or lakes and 4.53 km2 (1.75 sq mi) or 38.9% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 0.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.4%. Out of the forested land, 30.6% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.9% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 5.8% is pastures and 17.6% is used for alpine pastures. Of the water in the municipality, 0.3% is in lakes and 0.4% is in rivers and streams. Of the unproductive areas, 13.9% is unproductive vegetation, 23.8% is too rocky for vegetation and 1.2% of the land is covered by glaciers.[4]

The municipality is located in the Westlich Raron district, in the upper Lötschental valley. It is the largest of the villages of the Lötschental valley.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, a Saltire couped Argent between two Mullets of Five Or.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Kippel village

Kippel has a population (as of December 2016) of 340.[2] As of 2008, 2.9% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of -2.4%. It has changed at a rate of -9.2% due to migration and at a rate of -0.5% due to births and deaths.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (365 or 99.2%) as their first language with the rest speaking French[8]

As of 2008, the population was 50.3% male and 49.7% female. The population was made up of 183 Swiss men (49.5% of the population) and 3 (0.8%) non-Swiss men. There were 177 Swiss women (47.8%) and 7 (1.9%) non-Swiss women.[9] Of the population in the municipality, 259 or about 70.4% were born in Kippel and lived there in 2000. There were 82 or 22.3% who were born in the same canton, while 19 or 5.2% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 7 or 1.9% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 22.3% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 57.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 20.1%.[7]

As of 2000, there were 177 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 161 married individuals, 29 widows or widowers and 1 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 134 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.6 persons per household.[7] There were 36 households that consist of only one person and 13 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 134 apartments (53.0% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 89 apartments (35.2%) were seasonally occupied and 30 apartments (11.9%) were empty.[10] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 2.65%.[7]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][11]

Sights[edit]

The entire village of Kippel is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites[12]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 72.19% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (11.72%), the SVP (10.89%) and the Green Party (2.39%). In the federal election, a total of 191 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 60.8%.[13]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 223 votes were cast, of which 9 or about 4.0% were invalid. The voter participation was 76.9%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 54.67%.[14] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election a total of 190 votes were cast, of which 16 or about 8.4% were invalid. The voter participation was 61.9%, which is similar to the cantonal average of 59.88%.[15]

Economy[edit]

As of  2010, Kippel had an unemployment rate of 0.9%. As of 2008, there were 9 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 1 person was employed in the secondary sector and there was 1 business in this sector. 90 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 16 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 191 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 42.4% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 74. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 3, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 1, in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 70. In the tertiary sector; 9 or 12.9% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 18 or 25.7% were in the movement and storage of goods, 15 or 21.4% were in a hotel or restaurant, 2 or 2.9% were the insurance or financial industry and 20 or 28.6% were in health care.[16]

In 2000, there were 35 workers who commuted into the municipality and 113 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 3.2 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[17] Of the working population, 16.8% used public transportation to get to work, and 34.6% used a private car.[7]

Transport[edit]

Kippel lies on the road up the Lötschental valley from Steg and Goppenstein. The road passes through Kippel village and reaches its end at Fafleralp. A PostAuto bus service runs along the road, connecting the municipality to Goppenstein railway station, with some buses continuing to Steg.[18]

Religion[edit]

Kippel village church

From the 2000 census, 361 or 98.1% were Roman Catholic, while 6 or 1.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. 1 person belonged to no church, was agnostic or atheist.[8]

Education[edit]

In Kippel about 143 or (38.9%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 23 or (6.3%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 23 who completed tertiary schooling, 73.9% were Swiss men, 21.7% were Swiss women.[8]

As of 2000, there were 40 students in Kippel who came from another municipality, while 22 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Kippel in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 13-October-2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived 2010-06-28 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 13-October-2011
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived 2013-08-09 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Ständige Wohnbevolkerung nach Geschlecht und Heimat am 31.12.2009.xls (in German) (in French) accessed 24 August 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived 2014-09-07 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 2014-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived 2015-05-14 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
  14. ^ Staatsratswahlen vom 1. März 2009 (in German) accessed 24 August 2011
  15. ^ Ständeratswahl 2007 (in German) accessed 24 August 2011
  16. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived 2014-12-25 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  17. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb Archived 2012-08-04 at Archive.is (in German) accessed 24 June 2010
  18. ^ "Gampel-Steg–Hohtenn–Goppenstein–Blatten (Lötschen)–Fafleralp" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 

External links[edit]