Kippure, southern slope
|Elevation||757 m (2,484 ft) |
|Location||Wicklow & South Dublin Ireland|
|Parent range||Wicklow Mountains|
|Topo map||OSi Discovery 56|
Kippure (Irish: Cipiúr) is a granite mountain that straddles the county boundary from its peak in Wicklow into South Dublin. It is popular for hill walking and outdoor leisure activity owing to its proximity to Dublin city, with its fine views over Dublin Bay towards Howth Head. It has convenient access and easy terrain. At 757 metres (2,484 feet), it is the 73rd highest in Ireland.
The townland of Kippure is 1,490 acres and occupies the western flank of the mountain. The ridge between the summits of Kippure and Seefingan defines the northern border of the townland, while the River Liffey in the valley below defines the southern border.
The slopes of Kippure hold the sources of multiple watercourses, including tributaries that feed the River Liffey, which rises in the Liffey Head Bog on the western slopes of nearby Tonduff Mountain.
At the summit of Kippure stands a 127m television and radio transmitter mast. This is the oldest television transmission site in the Republic of Ireland, and was initially selected as a potential VHF FM radio transmitter site during the course of a Radio Éireann survey in the mid-1950s. The Irish Board of Works built an access road to the site in 1959, and the transmitter installation work was then started by the British company Pye Ltd. By the summer of 1961 the mast was erected and test transmissions followed, consisting of slide views of Ireland, a testcard, and the music of Count John McCormack.
Telefís Éireann began with transmission from Kippure on 31 December 1961 using the British 405-line TV standard on VHF Band III channel 7, to be followed by a 625-line service on channel H in the summer of 1962. Kippure was the first of the original five main Telefís Éireann transmitters to come into service, the others being, Truskmore (1962), Mount Leinster (1963), Maghera (1963), and Mullaghanish (1963)
VHF FM transmission of RTÉ Radio (the former Radio Éireann) commenced in 1966, with stereo broadcasting beginning in 1969.
405-line transmission from Kippure ceased in 1978 with the arrival of RTÉ 2, however Kippure did not transmit RTÉ 2 until much later. Initially on Channel J at low power later moving to Channel H with RTÉ 1 moving to Channel E.
Kippure's importance in radio and television transmission has diminished since the late 1970s with the opening of three new UHF transmitter sites at Three Rock in County Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Clermont Carn in County Louth, and Cairn Hill in County Longford, which provide better reception in most areas previously served only by Kippure. Today the Irish DTT service, Saorview, the national FM radio stations, and some commercial radio stations are broadcast from the site.
|738 MHz||54||63||Saorview 1||H|
|770 MHz||58||63||Saorview 2||H|
|227.36 MHz||12C||20||DAB Ireland Mux 1|
Analogue FM radio
|89.1 MHz||50||RTÉ Radio 1|
|91.3 MHz||50||RTÉ 2fm|
|93.5 MHz||50||RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta|
|98.7 MHz||50||RTÉ lyric fm|
|100.9 MHz||50||Today FM|
Kippure TV relay transmitter
|Relay transmitter||County||Mux 1||Mux 2||kW||Pol|
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