|Parliamentary Constituency||Kira Municipality|
|• Mayor||Julius Mutebi|
|• Member of Parliament||Ibrahim Ssemujju Nganda|
|• Total||38.16 sq mi (98.83 km2)|
|Elevation||3,900 ft (1,190 m)|
|Population (2014 Census)|
|• Density||4,712/sq mi (1,819.3/km2)|
Kira Town, a municipality in the Wakiso District of the Central Region of Uganda, is the country's second-largest city by population. It is administered by the Kira Town Council, an urban local government.
- 1 Location
- 2 Administration
- 3 Population
- 4 Economic activities
- 5 Sites of interest
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Photos
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Kira town council has been elevated to Municipality since mid 2016. Kira Municipality is bordered by Gayaza to the north, Mukono to the east, Lake Victoria to the south, Kampala to the west, and Kasangati to the north-west. The town is approximately 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) north-east of the central business district of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. The coordinates of the town are 0°23'50.0"N, 32°38'26.0"E (Latitude:0.397237; Longitude:32.640557). The town is approximately 98 square kilometres (24,000 acres) in size.
The population of Kira Town has grown at a relatively rapid rate compared to the national average over the last decade. Part of the rapid growth is attributable to the town's proximity to Kampala. Kira is a bedroom community for Kampala.
The national census in 2002 estimated Kira's population to be 140,774 people, of whom 67,222 (47.8 percent) were males and 73,548 (52.2 percent) were females. The Uganda Bureau of Statistics estimated the mid-year 2010 population to be 172,300 and the mid-year 2011 population to be 179,800. The town planner, however, estimated the population to be 300,000 in 2010. In August 2014, the national population census put the population at 313,761.
A large number of young adults are engaged in boda boda (motorcycle and bicycle) for-hire transportation. Increasingly, residents of Kira Town are employed in salaried and non-salaried positions in the city of Kampala and return to Kira in the evenings to sleep. The Kampala Industrial and Business Park, an 894 hectares (2,210 acres) business development park developed by the Uganda Investment Authority at a cost of about US$180 million (about UGX:470.5 billion), is located at Namanve in Bweyogerere Ward in extreme southeastern Kira Town.
Sites of interest
Basilica of the Uganda Martyrs at Namugongo
The Catholic Basilica of the Uganda Martyrs has been built at Namugongo in Kyaliwajjala Ward, where the majority of the 22 Catholic Uganda Martyrs (now Saints) were burned alive on the orders of Ssekabaka Mwanga II in the late 19th century. An Anglican shrine, administered by the Church of Uganda, is about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of the basilica, at the site where another group of martyrs were murdered for their beliefs.
Kabaka's Palace at Kireka
Mandela National Stadium
Kampala Northern Bypass Highway
The Kampala Northern Bypass Highway, also referred to as the Northern Bypass, is the first dual-carriage interstate highway to be built in Uganda. It forms an incomplete circle around the north-east, north, and north-west of the city of Kampala. The northern and eastern portion of the highway traverses Bweyogerere and Kireka wards, in Kira Town.
Umeme electricity substation
In 2015, the electricity distribution company Umeme built a 40 megawatt substation in the Nsasa neighborhood of Kira Town, at a cost of US$7 million (UGX:24 billion). This substation is expected to stabilise the electricity grid and reduce power losses in this fast-growing urban area.
Other public health issues
The Public Health Department of Kira Town is determined to improve the living conditions of its citizens, through detailed attention to sanitation, provision of safe drinking water, safe disposal of human and other waste, and the maintenance of hygiene in schools, markets, and other public places. Plans are underway to formulate minimum acceptable hygiene standards for private and public buildings and open spaces.
Efforts are underway to assist citizens in starting income-producing activities, including growing mushrooms.
A number of first class primary and secondary schools are in the town.
In January 2011, the Shimoni Core Primary Teachers' College opened at Kitikifumba village in Kira Town. The college, formerly located on Nakasero Hill in Kampala, was established by the British government in 1952. In 2006, the former location was sold to an investor to construct the Kampala Intercontinental Hotel. The new location occupies 25 acres (10 ha). The facilities can accommodate approximately 450 students. The new college cost approximately UGX:8 billion to build.
In 2011, St. Augustine International University (SAIU), a private, multi-campus university, received a provisional license from the Uganda National Council for Higher Education. SAIU is one of a number of private universities accredited between 2010 and 2014. It maintains a campus at Namugongo, where it hosts its College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine.
- Arthur Sserwanga - Professor, accountant, entrepreneur, and academic administrator, is a native son. Vice chancellor of Muteesa I Royal University.
- Hakim Sendagire - Professor, physician, microbiologist, biochemist, and academic administrator. Dean of Habib Medical School.
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- Mukisa Philemon Kirunda (December 2009). "Public Participation In Solid Waste Management: Challenges And Prospects. A Case of Kira Town Council, Uganda (Thesis for Master of Science at the University of Agder, Kristianstad, Norway)" (PDF). University of Agder. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
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- SDBC (May 2015). "Nelson Mandela National Stadium (Namboole)". Stadiumdb.com (SDBC). Retrieved 3 June 2015.
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- ARM (29 December 2015). "Umeme Limited nears completion of substation for Ugandan township". London: African Review Magazine (ARM). Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- Mukwaya, Idd (10 December 2008). "Kira Must Not Be Entangled In Kampala's Chaos". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- Jordan, Christina (13 March 2010). "LiA Kireka Mushroom Project". Lifeinarica2.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
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- Talemwa, Moses (9 January 2011). "New Shimoni campus opens". The Observer (Uganda). Kampala. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
- UNCHE. "Uganda National Council for Higher Education: Private Universities". Kampala: Uganda National Council for Higher Education (UNCHE). Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- Conan Businge, and Gloria Nakajubi (25 March 2013). "Uganda Registers New Private University". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- SNIS. "Arthur Sserwanga: Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). Swiss Network for International Studies (SNIS). Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- Emmanuel Ainebyoona, and Winnie Tabitha (13 February 2015). "IUIU Launches Habib Medical School". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 3 May 2015.