Kirby Misperton

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Kirby Misperton
Kirby Misperton is located in North Yorkshire
Kirby Misperton
Kirby Misperton
Location within North Yorkshire
Population370 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE779794
Civil parish
  • Kirby Misperton
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMALTON
Postcode districtYO17
Dialling code01653
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°12′17″N 0°48′23″W / 54.2047°N 0.80644°W / 54.2047; -0.80644Coordinates: 54°12′17″N 0°48′23″W / 54.2047°N 0.80644°W / 54.2047; -0.80644

Kirby Misperton is a small village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England and has a population of around 370.

Geography[edit]

It is about four miles (6 km) south from Pickering by road and about seven miles (11 km) north from Malton, just west of the A169 road.

Adjacent to the village lies one of the most popular amusement parks in England, Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo.[2]

A gas field nearby, discovered in 1985, pipes gas to the Knapton Generating Station. The fields were bought by Kelt UK Ltd (owned by Kelt Energy plc and Edinburgh Oil & Gas plc) from Candecca Resources Ltd (owned by BP) in 1992.

History[edit]

Main Street in 1976

The place-name 'Kirby Misperton' conflates the names of two adjoining places. Kirby is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Chirchebi. This means 'church village' in Old Norse. Misperton is also first attested in the Domesday Book, where it appears as Mispeton. This may mean 'foggy hill' or 'dung hill', possibly from mistbeorg in Old English. The two names first appear together in early Yorkshire charters, as Mispertona Kirkeby circa 1090, and as Kircabimispertun in 1157.[3]

The Domesday Book recorded a total population of 14 households (13 villagers and 1 priest) with a total tax assessed of 2.8 geld units. The Lord in 1066 was recorded as Thorbrand, son of Karli and from 1086 the Canons of York (St. Peter). The Tenant-in-chief in 1086 was Berengar of Tosny.[4]

Kirby Misperton Church[edit]

St Laurence's Church

The Anglican parish church is dedicated to St Laurence and is part of the Benefice of Kirby Misperton, which is made up of the parishes of Kirby Misperton, Normanby and Salton, and the Benefice of Middleton, which is made up of the parishes of Middleton, Newton and Sinnington.[5]

The church has stood in the village since the 9th century. Incorporated in the stone work of the chancel walls are a number of 'wheeled crosses' and fragments of a tomb headstone, dating from the late Anglian period which came to an end with the Danish invasion of Northumbria in 867 AD. Kirby Misperton is thought to have been one of the few stone-built churches to have existed in Yorkshire at this time when "there was not a stone church in all the land, but the custom was to build them all of wood." The church was entirely rebuilt in the 15th century, and no part of the present building has survived since before that reconstruction, although the Norman chancel arch was not removed until the late 19th century. The chancel was rebuilt by rector George Body in 1857 and designed by Charles Hodgson Fowler. In 1886 the East window commemorating the family of rector Charles John Symson was removed to its present position near the pulpit and replaced by that given in memory of Squire and Mrs Robert Tindall.[6]

The window above the altar depicting the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Infant Christ is a memorial to two former rectors and was dedicated on the feast of the Purification in 1949 by Eric Milner-White, Dean of York. The crucifix on the Lady Chapel altar came from the disused Mission Church at Ryton. The carved oak lecturn, at the base of which may be seen the figure of St Laurence, was given by Miss Jane Tindall of Kirby Misperton Hall, in 1891. The baptistery is dedicated to the memory of Canon F.W. Drake, rector 1914–1928. On the walls are baptismal rolls dating back to the early 1920s. The tower, of which the lower half is from the 15th century, houses three bells, recast by Mears of Newcastle at the expense of Charles Duncombe, 1st Baron Feversham, to commemorate the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838. In 1891 the present church clock, made by Potts of Leeds, was given by the rector W. H. Hutchings.[6]

Alexander Neville was a cleric at Kirby Misperton and rose to become the Archbishop of York, was subsequently deposed, and exiled to France, where, he ended his days as a parish priest in Louvain. Other notable rectors include John Thornborough who became chaplain to Queen Elizabeth I, was one of the translators of the Authorised Version of the Bible, and died Bishop of Worcester at the age of 90 in 1641. His immediate successor, Peter Rollock, was a member of the Scottish Privy Council, and sometime Titular Bishop of Dunkeld. In the early 19th century the Rev'd. and Hon Augustus Duncombe held the Living for seven years and became Dean of York in 1858. George Body, who rebuilt the chancel, was a noted preacher and writer in his day and one of the leaders of Anglo-Catholicism.[6]

Gas industry[edit]

Oil and gas exploration has a history in North Yorkshire dating back to the 1930s. In 1937 the first well was drilled at Eskdale on the North York Moors and in 1938 gas was discovered in a deeper second well. There was much oil and gas exploration in the Vale of Pickering during the 1970s and 1980s. A significant number of seismic surveys were shot and several fields were discovered, some of which are still in production today. During the 1980s the fields of Kirby Misperton and Marishes were discovered. Well KM-1 was drilled in March 1985 and found gas at two levels. Since 2000 eleven new wells have been drilled in North Yorkshire with drilling at Ebberston, Marishes, Pickering and Kirby Misperton.[7]

Third Energy Onshore drilled the KM8 well (located about 500m WSW of the village of Kirby Misperton), within the Kirby Misperton gas field, during 2013. Samples were taken at several different depths to assess the hydrocarbon potential. Analysis of the gas bearing zones in the deeper Bowland section concluded that they should be appraised further. To assess their commercial potential, Third Energy applied for a hydraulic fracturing permit to stimulate gas flow from these inter-bedded sandstone and shale sections.[8]

The planning application C3/15/00971/CPO (NY/2015/0233/ENV) submitted to North Yorkshire County Council in 2015 for the proposed hydraulic fracturing operation was approved by the Planning Committee on 23 May 2016;[9] Friends of the Earth and a local pressure group, Frack Free Ryedale, applied for judicial review of the decision,[10] but this application was rejected in December 2016.[11][12] In October 2017, Third Energy Onshore announced its intention to begin fracking within weeks.[13][14]

2018 fracking suspension[edit]

In November 2017, opponents to the fracking operation called upon Third Energy to confirm its financial standing before commencing work; the company was over a month late in filing its accounts[15] (which were eventually filed on 1 February 2018).[16] In January 2018, Business Secretary Greg Clark said permission for Third Energy to frack would not be granted until financial checks had been completed by the Infrastructure and Projects Authority,[17] amid concerns about its resilience and ability to fund clean-up costs.[18] The 2016 accounts of its wholly owned subsidiary Third Energy UK Gas Ltd showed it made a £3.4 million loss (down from a £3.85 million loss in 2015), but owed £44.7 million to its ultimate parent company, Third Energy Holdings, based in the Cayman Islands.[18]

Third Energy began removing equipment from the site in early February 2018,[19] as questions about the company's finances and management continued, including about the September 2017 appointments[20] of former Carillion interim CEO Keith Cochrane as non-executive chairman,[21] and of Jitesh Gadhia, a Conservative party peer and donor, as a non-executive director.[18] Cochrane and Gadhia resigned as directors in September 2018.[22]

In October 2018, owner Barclays was reported to be considering selling Third Energy Onshore rather than invest a further £5m to make the Kirby Misperton fracking site fully functional in the next 12 months.[23] In April 2019, the Kirby Misperton site remained dormant over a year after Third Energy Onshire vacated it;[24] the company had earlier said it would drill at the site before the end of 2019.[25] In July 2019, Third Energy Onshore and two sister companies were sold to York Energy, a subsidiary of US-owned Alpha Energy,[26] raising fears that fracking preparations might be restarted.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Kirby Misperton Parish (1170217259)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  2. ^ Wilson, Natalya (29 December 2010). "Kirby Misperton in the spotlight". Gazette & Herald. Archived from the original on 2 February 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  3. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.279.
  4. ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Kirby [Misperton] | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  5. ^ User, Super. "Welcome to the Middleton & Kirby Misperton Benefice Website". www.mkm-churches.org.uk. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  6. ^ a b c rebecca. "Home". www.mkm-churches.org.uk. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  7. ^ User, Super. "History of Ryedale Gas Exploration in North Yorkshire". www.ryedalegas.co.uk. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Assets & Operations | Third Energy". www.third-energy.com. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Landmark fracking operation approved". BBC News. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  10. ^ Grimwood, Tom (17 June 2016). "Fracking challenge lacks real legal merit says law firm". Utility Week. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  11. ^ Evers, Angus (10 February 2017). "Hydraulic fracturing - the third way". Shoosmiths. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  12. ^ "Approved Judgement" (PDF). Royal Courts of Justice. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  13. ^ Kentish, Benjamin (5 October 2017). "Onshore fracking to begin in UK 'within weeks'". Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  14. ^ "First UK shale gas frack in North Yorkshire weeks away". ITV News. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  15. ^ Gosden, Emily (6 November 2017). "Opponents tell Barclays-backed fracking firm Third Energy to show its accounts". Times. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  16. ^ Mackie, David (7 February 2018). "Fracking firm Third Energy hands in late accounts". Gazette & Herald. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  17. ^ "Kirby Misperton fracking permission postponed for financial checks". BBC News. BBC. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  18. ^ a b c Vaughan, Adam (19 February 2018). "Fracking row: Treasury 'showing shambolic conflict of interest'". Guardian. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  19. ^ "Kirby Misperton fracking: Company to remove equipment". BBC News. BBC. 7 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  20. ^ Duke, Simon (3 September 2017). "City veterans Keith Cochrane and Lord Gadhia go fracking in Yorkshire". Times. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  21. ^ Helm, Toby (10 February 2018). "Carillion links put fracking firm's scheme in doubt". Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  22. ^ Hayhurst, Ruth (18 September 2018). ""City heavyweights" resign from fracking firm, Third Energy". Drill or Drop. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  23. ^ Todd, Felix (29 October 2018). "What is Third Energy? The UK energy firm whose financial woes could stop its fracking operations". Compelo. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  24. ^ Mackie, David (3 April 2019). "Campaigners to mark 'frack-free year'". Gazette & Herald. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  25. ^ Mackie, David (28 February 2019). "Anti-fracking protesters vow to fight Third Energy fracking plans". The Press. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  26. ^ Mackie, David (10 July 2019). "Ryedale gas company Third Energy finalises sale to US firm". The Press. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  27. ^ Burn, Chris (10 July 2019). "Fracking fears reignited for Yorkshire village as US firm buys shale gas company Third Energy". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 15 July 2019.

External links[edit]