Church Lane, Kirk Ella (2008)
Kirk Ella shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|– London||155 mi (249 km) S|
|Civil parish||Kirk Ella and West Ella|
|Unitary authority||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Haltemprice and Howden|
The place has been a village since at least the 11th century – it remained a relatively unimportant hamlet until the 18th and 19th centuries when it became a location of choice for merchants of Hull wishing to live outside the city. Several large houses were built during this period without any substantial increase in village population. After the 1920s the village grew substantially with large amounts of high quality housing surrounding the traditional village centre – the village continued to grow during the second half of the 20th century, becoming a large suburb, contiguous with Anlaby and Willerby.
- See also Kirkella and West Ella civil parish
Modern Kirk Ella is contiguous with the suburbs of Willerby to the north; and Anlaby to the east; the village of West Ella is to the west, separated by a golf course; to the south is Hessle separated by under 0.6 miles (1 km) of fields.
The village skirts the foothills of the Yorkshire Wolds to the west, and rises from around 10 to 40 metres (33 to 131 ft) above sea level east to west. Housing stock is affluent, much of it detached or semi detached, with large back gardens; street layouts are irregular, curved, with no main roads passing through the village. Much of the housing development is to the southeast of the original village centre, and church. An area of Kirk Ella including the church, Church Lane, and parts of Packman Lane and Godmans Lane has been designated a conservation area (since 1974), mainly due to its interesting and varied housing stock. The large gardens in much of the village contribute to a wide variety of native and non-native trees and bushes, and thriving wildlife.
The facilities in Kirk Ella include the Hull Golf Course, several pubs (The Wheatsheaf, The Beech Tree and The Lounge) and there is also an approximate 30 minute walk from the centre of the village to the Haltemprice Leisure Centre, down Springfield Way, which contains a swimming pool, gyms etc. A few hairdressers are in the village too as well as a post office, dentist, a Costcutter mini supermarket and a newsagents. There are several green spaces such as the tree and bush area around the area of Pine Meadows and the small grass area near to the Wolfreton Upper School site on South Ella Way. There is also a rather large public playing field on Beverley Road, opposite the Haltemprice Bowling Green. There are several bus stops in Kirk Ella, some buses go into Kingston upon Hull and other local areas such as Anlaby, Willerby and Hessle. There is also a small cemetery on Mill Lane, which is now used instead of the church cemetery, which is now full. A short walk from the centre of the village is Willerby Square, which houses many estate agents, a Cooplands bakery store, Sainsbury's Local small supermarket and a gift shop. The borderline between Kirk Ella and Willerby is just past the Kirk Ella Police Station, opposite the car park.
Kirk Ella has many historic buildings, mainly in the centre of the village, including Kirk Ella House, St Andrew's Church and The Forgery (now Mark Hill's Hairdressing Salon). The Kirk Ella and West Ella Heritage Trail, set up by a local councillor, begins at The Willerby Square Car Park and ends up in the centre of West Ella. Many of Kirk Ella's historic buildings are on Church Lane - these are: Kirk Ella House, Kirk Ella Mansions Care Home and The Old Vicarage. The oldest building in Kirk Ella is the church.
The name "Kirk Ella" is thought to derive from the Old English, and mean "Aelf(a)'s Woodland Clearing with a Church".
Kirk Ella appears in the 11th century Domesday survey as Aluengi (Ella). There is some evidence for human activity in the area as far back as the Bronze age – bronze axes have been discovered in the area, pottery from the Roman period has also been found, and an Iron Age enclosure visible as cropmarks has been found halfway between the village and Swanland.
After the Norman Conquest the village was the property of Ralph de Mortimer, as part of the manor of Ferriby. Ownership passed to Wake family during the reign of Edward II. Part of the land was given by Thomas Wake (1297–1349) to Haltemprice Priory.
The Church of St. Andrew, now a Grade I listed building, dates to the early 13th century (chancel), with a tower dating to the mid 15th century. Much of the structure is of square rubble; the tower is of limestone ashlar; the upper part of the chancel is of rendered brick. The building was restored and remodeled 1859–60, widening the aisles, and a north chapel, south porch and organ chamber added; the tower was restored 1882-3. Other alterations took place in 1886-7 to the chancel north wall and arch; 1890, clerestry windows; 1894 choir vestry, enlarged 1955-6. The church contains numerous monuments and incriptions, many of late 18th and 19th century, many to members of the Sykes family, most notable of which is one to Joseph Sykes (d.1805) by John Bacon junior, similar to a tomb by Louis-François Roubiliac for William Hargrave in Westminster Abbey. In the graveyard are the stones of a Norman arch, and several 19th century table tombs, including a chest tomb of Jane Whitaker, (d.1815, aged 9 months), now a listed structure.
Kirk Ella was once one of the parishes of the county of Hull (Hullshire), established in 1440, and incorporated West Ella, Willerby, Wolfreton, and Anlaby, and included a detached within modern day Hull roughly halfway between Hull and Hessle town centres.
From the 1750s onwards many of the wealthy merchants and shipowners of Kingston upon Hull began moving their residences out of Hull, mostly westwards towards the higher ground of the wolds foothills and in an opposite direction to the prevailing winds, which carried the factory smells and other polutiuon eastward. The road from Hull to Anlaby and Kirkella was turnpiked in 1745. The influx of Hull merchants is also evidenced in the memorials and tombs in the village church. The fields around Kirk Ella, West Ella and Willerby were enclosed in by acts of 1796 and 1824.
Most of the early movement of Hull merchants was into residences on Church Lane: Richard Williamson, Hull merchant acquired land and built a house at No.4 Church Lane sometime after 1730, The Old Hall was rebuilt 1760, probably by Edward Burrow who acquired the property from another Hull merchant Thomas Haworth 1759; Thomas Bell built The Elms (demolished, the associated early 19th century Elm Lodge remains); and William Mowld established Wolfreton Hall in the same period, both on Church Lane, (Wolfreton Hall was later expanded, refronted in white brick and divided into Wolfreton Grange, and Wolfreton Hall); Kirk Ella House was built c.1778. and a coach house added c.1799; Trevayne at No.6 Church Lane was built c.1830–40 on the site of a previous dwelling. Additionally the Vicarage (No.8), and an adjacent stable/coachhouse were built 1839.
Wolfreton House was built c.1810/15 on the road to Beverley, east of the village centre, the associated stable block also dates to the late 18th/early 19th century. Other merchants had dwellings on Godman's Lane, now demolished; and on Packman Lane: Kirk Ella Hall, a 7 bay yellow-grey brick two storey building in a Tuscan style, was built (1778–9) for William Kirkby, Hull solicitor and white lead manufacturer, by expansion from a from a pre-existing house. (The Hall is now part of Kirkella Golf Club.) A lodge to the hall was built 1838. There was also a house South Ella, formerly Mount Ella, built for Hull banker Robert C. Pease in the early 19th century.
Other building developments in the 19th century included an infants school (No.11 Packman Lane, 1838, enlarged 1990s); and the Wheatsheaf Inn, rebuilt in 1870 in a Tudor revival style, in the 1850s, The Anchor. The village's population was 306 in 1851, fom 212 in 1801. The village consisted of no more than a few houses on Church Lane, and the east send of Goodmans Lane.
In 1838 the parish of Kirk Ella became part of the Hunsley Beacon Division of the Harthill Wapentake. Extraparochial parts of the parish were transferred to the parish of Newington in 1878, and this area was transferred to the borough of Hull in 1882.
By 1891 the population of the township had risen to 354.
By 1910 the town included a primary school which had been built on the corner of Mill Road (now Mill Lane) and West Ella Road, and a cemetery at the south end of Mill Lane, approximately 0.5 miles (0.80 km) south of the village, built due to the fullness of the church cemetery. From 1850 to the 1930s there was minimal building growth within the village. An 18 hole golf course designed by James Braid was established west of the village from 1924 by the Hull Golf Club (1921) Limited.
In the 1930s the village began to grow substantially, with new housing developments, much of it semidetached or detached houses with large gardens. New estates were established on Beverley Road leading to Anlaby; on West Ella Road; far along Packman Lane leading to Riplingham, and centred around new roads such as West Ella Way; Westland Road; Elms Drive; Redland Drive; Fairfield Avenue; and St. Andrews Mount. By the 1940s the new houses greatly outnumbered the dwellings that had existed up to the 1920s. In the post Second World War period further, during the 1950s to 1960s housing growth of a similar type took place, including new streets and estates on The Vale and South Ella Way off Mill Lane and at Wolfreton Garth. Further infill housing and expansion of housing to the south took place in the next decade, so that by the end of the 1970s an area of around 1 mile (1.6 km) square was completely urbanised, and the development was contiguous with both the expanded villages of Willerby and Anlaby to the north and east. In this period South Ella was built over, and a new large school established (Wolfreton Upper School), south of South Ella Way. The extent of urban growth had reached a near peak, though further housing was built in the last years of the 20th century at the northern edge of the village, around Glenfield Drive, Glendale Close, Ashworth Drive, Laxton Garth and Willingham Way, built on fields with several natural springs as well as minor infill developments.
In 2015 the Wolfreton Upper School in Kirk Ella was made surplus to requirements by the development of a new school building in Willerby, where presently lies the Wolfreton School Lower School site.
- The singer David Whitfield lived here in the 1960s in a house named "Cara Mia", named after one of his songs.
- Robert Levet (1705–1782), friend of Samuel Johnson was born in Kirk Ella.
- The comedian, actress and writer Isy Suttie lived in Kirk Ella as a child, before moving to Matlock, Derbyshire with her mother and father.
- Ordnance Survey 1:25000 2006
- Ordnance Survey. Sheets 225, 239. 1852, 1855 1:10560
- Conservation Area Appraisal 2007, pp. 2, 5, 13.
- "Haltemprice and Howden". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- Kirk Ella in the Domesday Book
- Tickell 1798, p. 886.
- Conservation Area Appraisal 2007, p. 6.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 910789". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 78947". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 78954". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "Monument No. 1556562". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Tickell 1798, p. 885.
- Historic England. "CHURCH OF SAINT ANDREW, CHURCH LANE (1103401)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, pp. 584–5.
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 585.
- Historic England. "CHEST TOMB OF JANE WHITAKER ABOUT 50 METRES SOUTH WEST OF WEST TOWER OF CHURCH OF SAINT ANDREW (1309983)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Allison, K.J., ed. (1969), "The City of Kingston upon Hull : Boundaries", A History of the County of York East Riding (Victoria County Histories), 1. The city of Kingston upon Hull, pp. 1–10
- Tickell 1798, pp. 885–6.
- Allison 1981.
- Woolley, William, ed. (1830). "Chronological Table". A collection of statutes relating to the town of Kingston-upon-Hull, the county of the same town and the parish of Sculcoates. Simpkin and Marshall. pp. xi–xxviii.
- Allison 1981, p. 30.
- Historic England. "4, Church Lane (1346984)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "THE OLD HALL, 10, CHURCH LANE (1103402)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 586.
- Allison 1981, p. 31.
- Allison 1981, pp. 31–2.
- Historic England. "WOLFRETON GRANGE WOLFRETON HALL (1103361)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "KIRK ELLA HOUSE AND ATTACHED GARAGE (1347006)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "TREVAYNE, 6, CHURCH LANE (1161637)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "THE VICARAGE (1161648)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "OUTBUILDING APPROXIMATELY 7 METRES NORTH WEST OF NUMBER 8 (VICARAGE) (1346985)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Allison 1981, p. 34.
- Historic England. "WOLFRETON HOUSE (1103400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "STABLE BLOCK AT WOLFRETON HOUSE (1161634)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 587.
- Allison 1981, pp. 29–30.
- Historic England. "KIRK ELLA HALL, PACKMAN LANE (1103363)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Allison 1981, p. 29.
- Historic England. "11, PACKMAN LANE (1103362)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Allison 1981, p. 10.
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, pp. 585–586.
- Allison 1981, p. 27.
- Bulmer 1892.
- See Hull and Barnsley Railway
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- Ordnance Survey| Sheet 239NE 1908
- Ordnance Survey. 1855 1:10560; 1888–90, 1910, 1927 1:2500
- "About Hull Golf Club". Hull Golf Club. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Ordnance Survey. Sheet 239NE 1926, 1938, 1948; Sheet 225SE 1926, 1938, 1946–8
- Ordnance Survey 1956, 1968 1:10560
- Ordnance Survey 1977–80 1:10000; 1971. 1976 1:2500
- Ordnance Survey 1994-5 1:10000
- "Wolfreton School ready for 'inspiring' – and long-awaited – £22m redevelopment". Hull Daily Mail. 5 January 2015.
- "An address of distinction". Hull Daily Mail. 3 August 2009.
- Hawkins, John (1787). The Works of Samuel Johnson, LL. D. together with his life 1. pp. 396–.
- "Twitter". Twitter. 5 December 2015.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Neave, David (1995), "Yorkshire: York And the East Riding", Pevsner Architectural Guides (2nd ed.) (Yale University Press), ISBN 0 300 09593 7
- Allison, K.J. (1981), Hull Gent seeks country residence, East Yorkshire Local History Society
- CONSERVATION AREA APPRAISAL – KIRK ELLA (PDF), EAST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE COUNCIL, 2007
- Bulmer, T. (1892), "Kirk Ella", Bulmer's History and Directory of East Yorkshire
- Tickell, John (1798), The History of the Town and County of Kingston Upon Hull, T. Lee
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kirk Ella.|
- "St. Andrew's Kirk Ella", www.kirkellachurch.com
- "Kirk Ella & West Ella Parish Council", www.kirkella-westella-pc.info