Legends of the Hidden Temple
|Legends of the Hidden Temple|
|Created by||David G. Stanley
Scott A. Stone
|Presented by||Kirk Fogg|
|Narrated by||Dee Bradley Baker|
|Composer(s)||David G. Stanley
Scott A. Stone
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||3|
|No. of episodes||120|
|Location(s)||Universal Studios Florida|
|Running time||22–24 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Stone Stanley Entertainment|
|Original release||September 11, 1993 – 1995|
Legends of the Hidden Temple is an action-adventure game show for children that aired from 1993 to 1995 in its first-run and through 1998 in reruns. The show centered on a temple that was "filled with lost treasures protected by mysterious Mayan temple guards". Kirk Fogg hosted the program and served as the teams' guide, while Dee Bradley Baker announced and voiced a talking Olmec Head who "knows the secrets behind each of the treasures in his temple". Six teams of two children (one boy and one girl) competed to retrieve one of the historical artifacts in the temple by performing physical stunts and answering questions based on history, mythology, and geography.
Legends of the Hidden Temple was produced by Stone Stanley Productions in association with Nickelodeon and was taped at Nickelodeon Studios at Universal Studios in Orlando, Florida. It aired on Nickelodeon from September 11, 1993 to 1995 in its first-run and through August 23, 1998 in reruns. Later, episodes of the program aired on Nick GAS from 1999 to 2007, and occasionally on TeenNick. In 1995, Legends of the Hidden Temple won a CableACE award for Best Game Show Special or Series.
Broadcast and production history
Legends of the Hidden Temple began airing on Nickelodeon on September 11, 1993. The show originally aired on weekends at 6:30 p.m. In that time slot, it increased the Nielsen rating from 1.5 to 2. Due to this success, the show began airing weekdays at 5:30 p.m. starting the week of February 14, 1994. The show was renewed for a second season in February 1994. Auditions for new episodes took place on February 26 and 27, and production occurred from March 27 through April 17. Second season episodes began airing June 6 of that year. A third season was produced and aired in 1995.
In 1996, the Orlando Business Journal reported that Nickelodeon was considering renewing Legends for a fourth season, but according to Scott Fishman, then Vice-President of Production Services at Nickelodeon, renewal was "not [a] sure bet" because Nickelodeon was considering three new game show pilots taped in Orlando. The series stopped producing new episodes by April 1996.
The program continued airing in reruns for three years until February 28, 1999, when the program stopped airing on Nickelodeon. However, on March 1, 1999, the show once again began airing in reruns on Nick GAS until that network ceased operations December 31, 2007. It has since occasionally aired on TeenNick. In March 2009, TV Week reported that David Stanley acquired the rights to several Stone-Stanley shows, including Legends of the Hidden Temple, and this assignment was recorded in the copyright office May 2, 2008.
In 1999, Nickelodeon included the show in a block of Nickelodeon programming that aired on Zee TV. On October 7, 2011, the series aired on TeenNick as part of its The '90s Are All That block, and the show returned to The '90s Are All That again from August 3, 2012, to August 5, 2012; it has appeared on the block sporadically since that time.
Prospective contestants for Legends of the Hidden Temple were required to be between 11 and 14 years old. Those trying out had to compete in several physical tasks, including rope climbing and running, as well as a written test. The majority of the contestants were picked from the surrounding Orlando, FL area. 
The set design of Legends of the Hidden Temple was based on the Indiana Jones movies, and Marianne Arneberg of the Orlando Sentinel described the program as "a combination of Jeopardy and Raiders of the Lost Ark". The set design has been described as Mayan. It included areas for different types of physical challenges: a broad but shallow pool of water (the moat), a set of steps (the Steps of Knowledge), and a large, two-and-a-half-floor vertical labyrinth (the "hidden temple"). At the temple's gate was a talking Olmec head simply named Olmec (voiced by Dee Bradley Baker). Olmec narrated the stories told in the steps of knowledge and temple game challenges (although in a few early episodes Fogg narrated the temple game challenges). Each episode centered on a particular legend regarding an artifact (real or fictional) from around the world that found its way to the temple. Some artifacts included "Lawrence of Arabia's Headdress", "The Electrified Key of Benjamin Franklin", "The Jewel-Encrusted Egg of Catherine the Great", and "The Broken Wing of Icarus". In addition to providing an artifact, the legend also was important to other aspects of the show: the Steps of Knowledge used questions based on the historical legend, and the theme of the temple games was also loosely based on the legend.
In each episode, six teams of two contestants began a three round competition to determine which team earned the right to enter the temple. Each team was identified with a color and an animal, indicated on their uniform shirts: the Red Jaguars, Blue Barracudas, Green Monkeys, Orange Iguanas, Purple Parrots, and Silver Snakes.
Round 1: The Moat
In the first round of the show, the six teams attempted to cross a narrow swimming pool known as "the moat" in a prescribed manner. For example, in one episode, teams were required to swing out to a rope net in the middle of the moat, climb it, and then swim to the other side. All six teams attempted to get both members across according to the rules and push a button on a pedestal to ring a gong. The first four teams to cross the moat and ring their gongs advanced to the second round.
Round 2: The Steps of Knowledge
The four remaining teams stood on the topmost of the four levels of the Steps of Knowledge. Olmec began the round by telling the remaining teams the episode's legend of the featured artifact, which became the theme for the remainder of the episode. The legend centered on an artifact which the winning team searched for in the final round. At the end of the legend, Olmec told the teams the room in which the artifact could be found. After finishing, he asked the teams a series of questions to test their memory. Each multiple-choice question had three possible answers. A team attempting to answer signaled by stomping on a button on their step, causing the front of the step to illuminate (if Olmec was still in the middle of asking a question, he stopped talking immediately). A team who answered correctly moved down to the next level. If a team answered incorrectly or ran out of time (three seconds after being called upon), the other teams were given a chance to answer. The first two teams to answer three questions correctly and thereby reach the bottom level advanced to the next round.
Round 3: The Temple Games
The temple games featured the two remaining teams competing in three physical challenges to earn Pendants of Life which the winning team used in the final round. Several different types of temple games were featured, with the episode's legend serving as a theme for each. Temple games were either untimed or lasted for a maximum of 60 seconds. After each challenge, the winning team received some portion of a protective Pendant of Life. The first two challenges, pitting single members from each team, were worth one half of a pendant, while the final challenge, involving both contestants on both teams, was worth a full pendant. If a temple game ended in a tie, both teams received the pendant value of that game.
The team that earned the most number of pendants by the end of three temple games won the right to enter the temple. In the event that the two teams earned the same number of pendants after the three temple games, the teams played a tiebreaker to determine who advanced to the temple. The teams stood behind a tiebreaker pedestal, and Fogg (in later episodes, Olmec) asks a tiebreaker question to determine the winner. The first team to hit the button on top of their gong was given the chance to answer the question. A correct answer allowed the team to go to the temple. However, if the team failed to answer within three seconds or their first answer was incorrect, their opponents won. Originally, a team that buzzed-in and gave an incorrect answer or ran out of time) automatically lost, allowing the other team to advance to the temple by default. However, in Seasons 2 and 3, the other team was required to answer the question correctly to go to the temple.
Final Round: The Temple Run
In the final round, the winning team took the Pendants of Life the contestants earned into the temple, and attempted to retrieve the episode's artifact and bring it back out of the temple within a three-minute time limit. The team designated one member to enter the temple first; that team member carried one of the team's full pendants. The other team member held the remaining pendant or half pendant and stood by to enter if the first team member was taken out of the temple by a temple guard. Before starting, Olmec would explain the rooms in the temple and the necessary tasks in each room. During season 1, Fogg asked who would go 1st and explained about the temple guards and, if necessary, the extra half pendant. Beginning in season 2, Olmec himself explained these things.
The temple consisted of 12 or 13 rooms, each with a specific theme (e.g., the Throne Room, the King's Storeroom, the Observatory, the Shrine of the Silver Monkey, etc.). The rooms connected to adjacent rooms by doorways, although some doors were locked, blocking a contestant's progress into the adjacent room; the pattern of locked and unlocked doors changed from episode to episode depending both on the temple layout and the artifact's location. The unlocked doors were closed at the start of the round, but they could be opened by completing a specific task or puzzle within each room. One room in the temple contained the themed artifact (as stated by Olmec prior to the Steps of Knowledge round). Three other designated rooms held temple guards (spotters in lavish Mayan sentinel costumes). If the winning team had exactly 1½ pendants, the remaining half pendant was also placed in a room for the contestant with the half pendant to collect to make a full pendant. The extra half pendant, if needed, would either be hanging on the wall near a door or placed inside an object in a room(e.g., hidden inside a pot in the King's Storeroom). If the 1st player dropped their pendant, the 2nd player was allowed to pick it up and either throw it back to their partner or use it if needed.
A contestant who encountered a temple guard was forced to give up a full pendant in order to continue. However, if the first contestant was caught without a pendant in his or her possession, he or she was taken out of the temple and the second contestant entered. In either case, the temple guard who captures the contestant was out of play, and did not appear again in that room where the first contestant was captured. When the second contestant entered, any doors that the first contestant opened remained open. If the second contestant was caught without a full pendant, the run ended immediately. It was possible for a player to enter a room with an unencountered temple guard on their way to the artifact and not get caught, usually if the room design makes it so that the guard can only capture the player if within reach(e.g. the Dark Forest where 1 of the trees "could be inhabited by the spirit of a temple guard" which was signaled if the tree grabbed the player, but the player had to be within reach to trigger the tree).
The team had three minutes to retrieve the artifact and leave the temple with it. If either contestant grabbed the artifact, all remaining temple guards vanished and all locked doors in the temple instantly opened, allowing the contestant to escape unhindered. For entering the temple, the team automatically won a prize. If a team member picked up the artifact, the team won a more expensive prize as well. A team that retrieved the artifact and exited the temple with it before time ran out earned the grand prize, in addition to the other two prizes. In season one, the artifact had to be handed to Fogg in order to win the third prize. In later seasons, the contestant only needed exit the temple with the artifact to win the third prize. Also, starting with season 2, the temple had an actual gate that Olmec would lower before the round started.
Writing for Entertainment Weekly, A. J. Jacobs listed Legends of the Hidden Temple among a series of imitators of American Gladiators, describing the concept as "Gladiators meets Young Indiana Jones Chronicles." Jacobs criticized the "Steps of Knowledge" round as filler, but concluded that "kids'll praise it to the moon." Legends won the award for best game show at the Sixteenth Annual CableACE awards in January 1995. The show also received nominations at the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Annual CableACE Awards in December 1995 and October 1996, but lost to The News Hole and Debt. Feminist author Susan Douglas, a Hampshire College professor of media and American studies, praised Legends of the Hidden Temple for being a "nonsexist and nonviolent" show.
- Stone-Stanley Productions. Legends of the Hidden Temple. Starring Kirk Fogg and Dee Bradley Baker. 1993–95.
- Schwartz, David; Steve Ryan; Fred Wostbrock (1999). "Legends of the Hidden Temple". The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows (3rd ed.). Facts on File. p. 124. ISBN 0-8160-3847-3.
- Brooks, Tim; Earle Marsh (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present. Random House. ISBN 0-345-49773-2.
- Schwartz, David; Steve Ryan; Fred Wostbrock (1999). "Legends of the Hidden Temple". The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows (3rd ed.). Facts on File. p. 124. ISBN 0-8160-3847-3.
- Arneberg, Marianne (1993-10-04). "Programmers Dive into Kids Shows: Programs Involving Children Hottest New Trend in Television". Orlando Sentinel. p. 12.
'We wanted to do an action-adventure game show - sort of like a live video game for television,' said Scott Stone
- Stone-Stanley Productions. "The Jewel-Encrusted Egg of Catherine the Great." Legends of the Hidden Temple. Starring Kirk Fogg and Dee Bradley Baker as Olmec. 1995
- ""Legends of the Hidden Temple" (1993) - Awards". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-05-13.
- Schwartz, David; Steve Ryan; Fred Wostbrock (1999). "Appendix E: Game Show Award Winners and Nominees". The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows (3rd ed.). Facts on File. p. 305. ISBN 0-8160-3847-3.
- Donion, Brian (1993-09-02). "More to Feed Appetite for TV: Newcomers on Cable Channels". USA Today. p. 03.D.
Legends of the Hidden Temple, a game show that send kids searching for historic artifacts, premieres Sept. 11.
- Flint, Joe (1994-02-17). "Stone Stanley Inks for Firstrun with Nick, ESPN". Variety. Retrieved 2008-11-13.
- "Kids Can Audition for Nick Show". Orlando Sentinel. 1994-02-25. p. A2.
Auditions will be Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. at Nickelodeon Studios at Universal Studios Florida . . .The show will be in production at Universal March 27 through April 17.
- Zad, Martie (1994-06-05). "TBS Series Tells of Women's Century of Effort and Gains". The Washington Post. p. y.04.
At 5:30 p.m. on Monday, Nickelodeon launches the second season of the popular 'Legends of the Hidden Temple,' a weekday action-adventure game show that challenges mind and body.
- Barth, Cindy (1996-02-23). "New GM to Keep Nick 'On Course'". Orlando Business Journal. p. 1.
Game shows Global GUTS and Legends of the Hidden Temple are not sure bets, Fishman says, because the network is looking at three new game show pilots just out of production at the Orlando facility that may replace the older shows.
- Greenbaum, Kurt (1996-04-21). "On Dads, Pigs, Cars, and Being Bored at 4". Sun Sentinel. p. 31.
Apparently, Nickelodeon has canceled one of her favorite shows, Legends of the Hidden Temple. She wanted to know why. So we logged onto America Online, scooted into Nick's site and posed the question.
- Adalian, Josef (March 2009). "Stanley, Gurin Co. Bring Back 'Shop 'til You Drop'". TV Week. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
[Mr. Stanley] recently acquired the rights to several Stone Stanley formats in addition to "Shop," among them "Loveline," "Legends of the Hidden Temple" and "Born Lucky."
- "Recorded Document V3564D755". US Copyright Office. 2008-05-02.
- Vijayakar, R. M. (2000-10-20). "Bombay Film Beat". India - West. p. C4.
- Mosher, Chad (2012-08-02). "’90s Nickelodeon Game Shows Air On TeenNick’s "’90s Are All That" This Weekend". BuzzerBlog. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- "Kids Can Audition for Nick Show." "The cable network is looking for about 150 kids age 11 to 14"
- Flood, Pat (1994-08-25). "Teen's Team Wins Big on TV". Orlando Sentinel. p. 12B.
During her April tryout, Tabitha, 13, had to take a written test, run, climb a rope and do pull-ups, she said.
- Katz, Frances (1995-04-09). "Secrets of the 'Temple': Behind the scenes at Nickelodeon's hit game show". Boston Herald. p. 12.
'Kids love this show,' says co-producer Brendan Huntington, citing the combination of athletic skill and brainpower and the Indiana Jones-type setting as being particularly popular with kids aged 11–14 . . . 'We want the kids to feel like they really are right inside an "Indiana Jones" movie duking it out to the end,' says producer David Greenfield.
- Katz. "Much more threatening this season will be the timed chase through the Mayan ruins"
- Scarberry, Pat (1993-09-19). "Classmates to Make Nickelodeon Debut". St. Petersburg Times. p. 11.
[Legends] encourages kids to use both mental and physical capabilities as they trek through a Mayan ruin searching for legendary artifacts.
- Katz. "'We still have the occasional kid fall into the moat because it looks like fun,' Huntington says. 'But the water's not that deep.'"
- "Kids Can Audition for Nick Show." "kids scramble through a 13-room, 2½ -story Mayan temple"
- Arneberg. "The 40 episodes of Legends 'are all story driven' — the stunts are themed around a specific legend, as are questions contestants must answer during a segment of the show, Stone said."
- Fogg's explanation before the round in "John Sutter and the Map to the Lost Gold Mine"
- This is according to Fogg's rundown of the rules before a tiebreaker occurred.
- Jacobs, A. J. (1995-02-17). "'American Gladiators': Knockoffs Battle of the Flexes". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
- West, Kay (1996-02-28). "Mirror, Mirror on the Wall". Nashville Banner. p. A.1.
On cable television, Douglas believes Nickelodeon is doing the best job of producing programming that presents positive images to young girls, citing Rugrats, Secret World of Alex Mack, Clarissa Explains It All and Legends of the Hidden Temple as generally nonsexist and nonviolent.
- "What Do YOU Think?". State Journal-Register. 2007-01-23. p. 13.
- Official site
- Legends of the Hidden Temple at the Internet Movie Database
- Legends of the Hidden Temple at TV.com