Kirkby-in-Ashfield

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Kirkby-in-Ashfield
Larwood.jpg
Statue of Harold Larwood in Kirkby Market Place
Kirkby-in-Ashfield is located in Nottinghamshire
Kirkby-in-Ashfield
Kirkby-in-Ashfield
Location within Nottinghamshire
Population25,265 
OS grid referenceSK 50547 56054
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNottingham
Postcode districtNG17
Dialling code01623
PoliceNottinghamshire
FireNottinghamshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire
53°05′56″N 1°14′42″W / 53.099°N 1.245°W / 53.099; -1.245Coordinates: 53°05′56″N 1°14′42″W / 53.099°N 1.245°W / 53.099; -1.245

Kirkby-in-Ashfield is a market town in the Ashfield District of Nottinghamshire, England. With a population of 25,265 (according to the 2001 National Census), it is a part of the wider Mansfield Urban Area. The Head Offices of Ashfield District Council are located on Urban Road in the town centre.

Overview[edit]

Kirkby-in-Ashfield lies on the eastern edge of the Erewash Valley which separates Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Kirkby, as it is locally known, was originally a Danish settlement (Kirk-by translates as 'Church Town' in Danish)[citation needed] and is a collection of small villages including Old Kirkby, The Folly (East Kirkby), Nuncargate and Kirkby Woodhouse. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book and has two main churches: St Wilfrid's, a Norman church, which was gutted by fire on 6 January 1907 but quickly re-built; and St Thomas', built in the early 1910s in neo-gothic style.

History[edit]

Kirkby Castle[edit]

Kirkby Castle is said[weasel words] to have dated back to at least the 13th Century. Its owner in 1284 Robert de Stuteville was fined by King Edward I for not attending the Royal summons. However, in 1292 Robert clearly forgiven, hosted the king at the Castle to a nights stay.[1][better source needed][better source needed]

Tudor times[edit]

It was said[weasel words] that Cardinal Thomas Wolsey in 1530 travelled through Sutton in Ashfield having been recalled to London by King Henry VIII, before he stayed at nearby Kirkby Hardwick.[2][better source needed][better source needed]

Coal and transport[edit]

Kirkby-in-Ashfield was once an important centre of coal mining and railways in west Nottinghamshire, with three active coal mines and several railway junctions.[3] The former Mansfield and Pinxton Railway from the Erewash Valley Line was joined here by the later Midland Railway line from Nottingham. The Great Central Railway main line passed to the south-west side of the town and had a double junction with the Great Northern Railway Leen Valley Extension line to Langwith Junction and the Mansfield Railway to Clipstone.

Rail stations[edit]

The town was served by four stations. Only one is now open:

The town rapidly expanded during the Victorian era. However the closure of the coal mines in the 1980s and early 1990s led to a major slump in the local economy, and the area then suffered a high level of socio-economic depression.[citation needed]

'Kirkby in Ashfield education in the eighteenth century as drawn by Samuel Hieronymus Grimm.'
The now-closed Kirkby-in-Ashfield East railway station in 1963

Regeneration[edit]

In 2013, plans were introduced to create a new civic square from what was a car park.[4][5] Nearby permanent market stalls were removed in October 2014.[6]

The town centre underwent further upgrading, starting in late 2014 and 2015 to include the demolition of the old Co-Operative foodstore and county library with surrounding pedestrian plaza, to be rebuilt with a Morrisons store.[7]

A new indoor market – named Moor Market – was created in 2021 by internally joining adjacent small retail shops into a larger space.[8][9][10]

In 2021, a new leisure centre was developed including a swimming pool for the first time in Kirkby, partially on land originally purchased in 1935 by Kirkby Urban District Council, to replace the old Festival Hall.[11][12][13]

Education[edit]

The town has two large secondary schools, Ashfield School and Kirkby College.

Politics[edit]

Local politics have been dominated by the Labour Party for much of the 20th century; however, Ashfield attracted media attention in the late 1970s with a shock by-election win for the Conservatives. From the 2010 General Election until her stepping down in 2019, the MP was Gloria De Piero, best known for her work with GMTV. She took over from Geoff Hoon, one-time Secretary of State for Defence during the premiership of Tony Blair. She was elected with a very slim majority of 192 votes from the Liberal Democrats' Jason Zadrozny. In 2019, Conservative Lee Anderson won the seat.

The town's most famous historical resident is Harold Larwood; the England cricketer who was born in Nuncargate in 1904, best known for his bodyline bowling in the Ashes Test series of 1932–33.

The area around St Wilfrid's Church is designated a conservation area,[citation needed] and consists of former farm buildings built from local stone, some of which are listed. In the conservation area, at the junction of Church Street, Chapel Street and Sutton Road, is Kirkby Cross. This is the remains of a thirteenth-century village cross in dressed stone, and is a listed structure and designated ancient monument.[14] It is thought[who?] the cross has been in place since 1218, some years before the village was granted a market and fair. It was nearly demolished by an articulated lorry in early December 1987, but has been restored.[citation needed]

Leisure[edit]

Portland Park

On the edge of Kirkby near Annesley is Portland Park (known to local people as "the quarries") a mixture of woodland and grassland areas which, together with a number of small ponds and streams, are home to a wide variety of wildlife. The visitor centre, which doubles up as local cafe The Wild Rabbit, was opened in October 1994,[citation needed] and is an environmentally friendly building and a centre of excellence for energy conservation. The building is also used as a popular venue for local live acts and other entertainment. The area surrounding The Wild Rabbit Cafe is a place of scientific interest due to the unique limestone outside to the rear of the cafe.

Notable people[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.castlesfortsbattles.co.uk/midlands/kirkby_in_ashfield_castle.html created in 2019 retrieved on 3rd October 2020
  2. ^ https://www.huthwaite-online.net/hucknall/historians/1978-clay-dove.php created on 23 January 2012 and retrieved on 21 August 2020
  3. ^ Railway Junction Diagrams 1914 page 143, Ian Allan Ltd reprint, ISBN 0-7110-1256-3
  4. ^ "Decision date for new town centre plans". Chad, 28 August, 2013, p.32. Accessed 9 May, 2022
  5. ^ Kirkby Square a step closer Chad, 22 October, 2013. Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  6. ^ Removal of market stalls inspirepicturearchive.org, (Nottinghamshire County Library services). Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  7. ^ £2.4 million facelift for Kirkby is announced Chad, local newspaper, 13 August 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2015
  8. ^ Work starts on the new Kirkby Indoor Market www.ashfield.gov.uk, 19 April 2021. Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  9. ^ Moor Market comes to Kirkby www.ashfield.gov.uk, 11 June 2021. Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  10. ^ Kirkby's new indoor market ready to welcome new traders Chad, 20 August 2021. Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  11. ^ This is when the new Kirkby Leisure Centre will open Nottinghamshire Live, 18 November 2021. Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  12. ^ Sneak peek as Kirkby's new leisure centre is half way through construction Chad, 6 January 2022. Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  13. ^ Swimming pool at new Kirkby Leisure Centre filled with water for first time Chad, 22 February 2022. Retrieved 9 May, 2022
  14. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1012926)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2013.