Kirkby-in-Furness

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Kirkby in Furness
St Cuthberts Church Kirby Ireleth.jpg
St Cuthbert's Church
Kirkby in Furness is located in South Lakeland
Kirkby in Furness
Kirkby in Furness
Location in South Lakeland
Kirkby in Furness is located in Cumbria
Kirkby in Furness
Kirkby in Furness
Location within Cumbria
OS grid referenceSD2282
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townKIRKBY-IN-FURNESS
Postcode districtLA17
Dialling code01229
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°13′52″N 3°11′13″W / 54.231°N 3.187°W / 54.231; -3.187Coordinates: 54°13′52″N 3°11′13″W / 54.231°N 3.187°W / 54.231; -3.187

Kirkby-in-Furness is a village in the Furness area of Cumbria, England. Historically part of Lancashire, it's located close to the Lake District National Park. It is about 3 miles (5 km) south of Broughton in Furness, 5 miles (8 km) northwest of Ulverston and 9 miles (14 km) north of Barrow-in-Furness. It is one of the largest villages on the peninsula's north-western coast, looking out over the Duddon estuary.

History[edit]

Kirkby is a collection of six different hamlets, namely: Soutergate, Wall End, Beck Side, Sand Side, Marshside and Chapels. The name Kirkby was used by the Furness Railway company during the construction of its Cumbrian Coast Line, and was the name they gave to the station which serves these hamlets. The name Kirkby is much older. The parish of Kirkby Ireleth, a name of Norse origin, is listed in the Domesday Book as one of the townships forming the Manor of Hougun which was held by Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria.[1]

Much of the housing and infrastructure in Kirkby arose due to the growth and development of the Burlington Slate Quarries, which are owned by the Cavendish family of Holker Hall and Chatsworth House in Derbyshire. Houses at Marshside and Incline Foot were originally built for quarry workers, and the railway linked up to the quarries following bogie lines. Present-day Kirkby-in-Furness is now primarily a commuter village but still provides a work force for the slate and agrarian work. The nearby Kirkby Moor rises to 333 metres (1,093 ft) above sea level which features a 12 turbine wind farm.

The village has an increasingly aged population due to the rise in house prices and lack of homes suitable for first time buyers. This has led to young families leaving Kirkby, buying cheaper houses in surrounding towns and villages. As a result, the intake for the local primary school has fallen dramatically in the last few years, and continues to fall.

Amenities[edit]

The village has a primary school - Burlington Church of England Primary School[2] - and most older children attend Victoria High School at Ulverston with a few attending Dowdales School in Dalton-in-Furness and John Ruskin School in Coniston.

There is a corner shop, a post office adjacent to the shop and a service station,[3] all centrally located in Kirkby at Four Lane Ends and a cafe that is open three days a week - Sunday to Tuesday only - opposite the railway station. There is also a surgery on the road between Four Lane Ends and the railway station.[4]

It has three places of worship: the parish church, St Cuthbert's in Beck Side; a methodist church in Marshside and a Church of Christ[5] meeting house at Wall End.

The village has two pubs, the Burlington Inn at Four Lane Ends and The Ship Inn, which dates from 1691, near the railway station.

There is a community centre in Beck Side - refurbished in 2019/20 - with changing rooms for the adjacent recreation ground which has a cricket pitch, a football pitch, a crown bowling green, two hard tennis courts and a children's playground. There is also the old village hall, the Beck Side Rooms, in the old, converted, school buildings.

Sport & leisure[edit]

The cricket club, football club, bowls club and tennis club are all based at the recreation ground in Beck Side.

The Kirkby in Furness Cricket Club play league fixtures on a Saturday in the Cumbria Cricket League Division 1 and also midweek fixtures on a Wednesday night in the Furness Cricket League.[6] Kirkby United Football Club play in the Furness Premier League; Kirkby-in-Furness Bowls club play a number of competitive matches throughout the summer months and Kirkby Tennis Club compete in the Duddon Tennis League.

The village has a number of active societies, covering a range of interests.[7] These include the History of Kirkby Group, that has a number of publications to its name,[8] the Kirkby Floral and Horticultural Society and the Kirkby Photographic Club.

Transport[edit]

Kirkby is situated on the A595 giving direct access to Askam, Dalton-in-Furness and Barrow-in-Furness to the south and villages and towns on the Cumbria Coast to Whitehaven and beyond.

There is a limited bus service for Kirkby, the Blueworks X7 service, running on Wednesdays only.[9] This allows a brief return journey to Askam, Barrow & the Asda supermarket in Barrow.

Kirkby-in-Furness station is a request stop on the Cumbrian Coast Line, with the rail service being provided by Northern. There are regular services southbound to Barrow-in-Furness, a few services continuing further along the Furness Line e.g. to Lancaster, while most northbound services go to Carlisle, a few services not continuing the whole way e.g. to Millom.[10]

Notable people[edit]

The English sailor Barnet Burns.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cumbria: Hougun (The Domesday Book On-Line)
  2. ^ Burlington Church of England Primary School official website Retrieved July 23, 2020
  3. ^ Moorland service station official website Retrieved July 23, 2020
  4. ^ Duddon Valley Medical Practice official website Retrieved July 23, 2020
  5. ^ Church of Christ, Kirkby-in-Furness official website Retrieved July 23, 2020
  6. ^ Kirby-in-Furness CC official website Retrieved July 23, 2020
  7. ^ "Organisations in Kirkby-in-Furness". Kirkby-in-Furness village website. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  8. ^ History of Kirkby Group official website Retrieved July 23, 2020
  9. ^ "Bus timetable - Blueworks X7". Cumbria County Council. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Kirkby-in-Furness station information". Northern Rail. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  11. ^ Registers of the Parish Church of Kirkby Ireleth 1681 - 1812, page 57, published Lancashire Parish Register Society, 1911.
  12. ^ 1891 United Kingdom Census, Administrative County of Lancaster, Civil Parish of Ulverston, Ecclesiastical Parish of St. Mary's, page 37, schedule number 212.
  13. ^ 1901 United Kingdom Census, Administrative County of Lancaster, Civil Parish of Ulverston, Ecclesiastical Parish of St. Mary's, page 26, schedule number 152.
  14. ^ 1911 United Kingdom Census, Registration District Barrow-in-Furness, schedule number 97.
  15. ^ "Designated Sites View - Kirkby Moor - 1006121 SSSI". Natural England. Retrieved 31 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "Designated Sites View - Duddon Estuary SSSI". Natural England. Retrieved 31 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]