Kirkjubøur

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Kirkjubøur
Village
Olavskirkjan at the left, Kirkjubøargarður  at the center. Background the islands Sandoy and Hestur.
Olavskirkjan at the left, Kirkjubøargarður at the center. Background the islands Sandoy and Hestur.
Kirkjubøur is located in Denmark Faroe Islands
Kirkjubøur
Kirkjubøur
Location in the Faroe Islands
Coordinates: 61°57′22″N 6°47′37″W / 61.95611°N 6.79361°W / 61.95611; -6.79361Coordinates: 61°57′22″N 6°47′37″W / 61.95611°N 6.79361°W / 61.95611; -6.79361
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Faroe Islands
Island Streymoy
Municipality Tórshavn Municipality
Population (1 January 2009)
 • Total 75
Time zone GMT
 • Summer (DST) EST (UTC+1)
Postal code FO 175
Climate Cfc

Kirkjubøur (Danish: Kirkebø) is the southernmost village on Streymoy, Faroe Islands. The village is located on the south-west coast of Streymoy and has a view towards the islands Hestur and Koltur towards west and to Sandoy towards south.[1]

This is the site of the country's most important historical site with the ruins of the Magnus Cathedral from around 1300, the Saint Olav's Church (Olavskirkjan), from 12th century and the old farmhouse Kirkjubøargarður from 11th century. In 1832, a runestone was found near the Magnus Cathedral in Kirkjubøur. The stone which is referred to as the Kirkjubøur stone dates back to the Viking Age.[2][3]

The little islet just of the coast, Kirkjubøhólmur contains an eiderduck colony. To the village belongs the islet Trøllhøvdi, just 100 m of the northern tip of Sandoy 9 km away from Kirkjubø, it was given as payment to the villagers as it was their duty to ferry people across to Sandoy in medieval times.[4][5]

History[edit]

The village was important in the Middle Ages. At that time it was the episcopal residence for the Diocese of the Faroe Islands and as such the spiritual centre of the society. In those days the village is said to have had around 50 houses. The majority of these houses were washed away by a fierce storm in the 16th century, which created the islet Kirkjubøhólmurin, which contains ruins from that time. It is speculated that the church located the diocese in Kirkjubø, to counter the heathen in Velbastaður only 5 km to the north west up the coast.[6]

Saint Olav's Church

There are three main attractions from this time:

Notable residents[edit]

Kirkjubøur chairs[edit]

The medieval carved pew ends from Saint Olav's Church are now to be found in the National Museum of the Faroe Islands. These were featured in three series of Faroese stamps, engraved by Czeslaw Slania. For the full series, see here.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kirkjubøur". Visit the Faroe Islands. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Kirkjubøur". Visit Tórshavn. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Magnus Cathedral and the Kirkjubøur Village". fotostrasse.com. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Kirkjubøur". faroeislands.com. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Velbastaður". Tórshavn Municipality. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  6. ^ Ljunggren, Karl Gustaf (1955-01-01). "Kirkjubøur, Velbstaður og Tórshavn". Fróðskaparrit 1955. 
  7. ^ "Magnus Cathedral, Catholic Church · Landmark & Historical Place". Facebook.com. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  8. ^ "The oldest church in the Faroe Islands". tripadvisor.com. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Kirkjubøargarður". The Vintage News. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]