Kirklington, North Yorkshire
Kirklington shown within North Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Kirklington cum Upsland|
|Shire county||North Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||DL8 2|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Richmond (UK Parliament constituency)|
Kirklington is a village in the English county of North Yorkshire close to the A1. Kirklington forms the major part of the civil parish of Kirklington cum Upsland which is in the district of Hambleton.
The 2001 UK Census recorded the population of the parishes of Kirklington cum Upsland, Howgrave and Sutton with Howgrave as 204, of which 168 were over the age of sixteen years old and 82 of those were in employment. There were 88 dwellings in the village of which 46 were detached. The estimated population of Kirklington cum Upsland alone was 200 in 2010.
The village lies within the Richmond (Yorks) UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Bedale electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Tanfield ward of Hambleton District Council.
There is some evidence of Roman occupation around the village, in the form of a white-ware burial at the Lady well, a stretch of Healam Beck, behind the Hall. Also close to the village on the A1, at Healam Bridge lie buried the remains of a Roman Dere Street fort, almost entirely ploughed away. Just beyond the village to the north lies 'Camp Hill', the remains of an iron age camp.
Kirklington is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Cherdinton alongside Yarnwick, a lost village whose remains lie to the north of the village, between the Hall and Camp Hill prehistoric sites. The principal landowner at the time was Count Alan of Brittany. At the time of the Norman invasion the Lord of the Manor was Rosskell, but the title was granted by the Crown to Robert of Moutiers. The Anglicised form of Moutiers was Musters and this family held the manor until the mid 14th century, when is passed via marriage into the Wandesforde family. The line of succession was not a complete one thereafter, but the name was continued by those marrying into the family who adopted the Wandesford surname. Among the notable people to hold the title were Christopher Wandesford, successively MP for Aldborough, Richmond and Thirsk and briefly Lord Deputy of Ireland. In 1662 another Christopher Wandesford was created a baronet and his son, yet another Christopher, was created Viscount Castlecomer in 1707. John Wandesford, 5th Viscount Castlecomer was created Earl Wandesford in 1758, but the title ended with him as he had no male issue.
The Hall, which stands in Whinwath Lane on the northern edge of the village, was built c.1570 for Sir Christopher Wandesford, with alterations in the early 18th and 19th centuries. It is a Grade II* listed building.
There was a school house, now converted to housing, that served the village until the 1970s.
There are three known ghost stories about the village, one in the pub, one in the Hall and one around Stapley Lane.
Kirklington was a large ancient parish, with an area of 4,164 acres (1,685 ha). Until the 19th century it included the townships of Kirklington with Upsland, Howgrave, Sutton Howgrave and East Tanfield, all of which became separate civil parishes in 1866.
The parish church in the village is dedicated to St Michael. It was built in the 13th century with subsequent restorations and contains banners and armour of the Wandesford family who still own the Hall. It is a Grade I listed Building.
The public house in the village is the Black Horse. On the edge of the village is a cricket pitch used by the village team.
The nearest settlements are Carthorpe 1.8 miles (2.9 km)to the north; Sinderby 1.6 miles (2.6 km) to the east; Sutton Howgrave 1.3 miles (2.1 km) to the south and Thornborough, North Yorkshire 1.7 miles (2.7 km) to the south-west. Healam Beck flows northwards past the west side of the village as a tributary of the River Swale.
- "2001 UK Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- "Population Estimates". North Yorkshire County Council. 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
- Kirklington in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 743, 744. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
- "History". Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Historic England. "The Hall (1315187)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- "School closure". Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- "Stapley Mound, Ancient Barrow". English Heritage. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- William Page (editor) (1914). "Parishes: Kirklington". Victoria County History: A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Parish website
- "Church Listing". Retrieved 3 January 2013.
Media related to Kirklington, North Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons