Kirkwood Formation

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Kirkwood Formation
Stratigraphic range: Lower Cretaceous
Kirkwood Formation.png
Map showing the location of the formation
Type Geological formation
Unit of Uitenhage Group
Underlies Sundays River Formation
Overlies Enon Formation
Region Africa
Country South Africa
Type section
Named for Kirkwood, Eastern Cape

The Kirkwood Formation is a geological formation in Eastern Cape and Western Cape provinces, South Africa whose strata date back to the Early Cretaceous. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.[1]

Vertebrate paleofauna[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Early Cretaceous, Africa)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 571-573. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  2. ^ "Table 4.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 76.
  3. ^ "Table 13.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 270.
  4. ^ a b c McPhee, Blair W.; Mannion, Philip D.; William; Choiniere, Jonah N. (2016). "High diversity in the sauropod dinosaur fauna of the Lower Cretaceous Kirkwood Formation of South Africa: Implications for the Jurassic–Cretaceous transition". Cretaceous Research. 59: 228–248. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2015.11.006. 
  5. ^ "Table 16.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 345.