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October 5, 1970 |
Ondarroa, Basque Country, Spain
Kirmen Uribe (pronounced [ˈkiɾmen uˈɾibe]; born October 5, 1970) is a Basque-language writer, and one of the most relevant writers of his generation in Spain. He won the National Prize for Literature in Spain in 2009 for his first novel Bilbao-New York-Bilbao, a work that was acclaimed as a literary event. The languages into which the novel has been translated already exceed fourteen, including French (Gallimard) and Japanese (Hakusui Sha). His poetry collection Meanwhile Take My Hand (Graywolf, 2007), translated into English by Elizabeth Macklin, was a finalist for the 2008 PEN Award for Poetry in Translation. The first draft of his last novel Mussche (translated into Spanish as Lo que mueve el mundo, 2012) was completed during a residency at the Headlands Center for the Arts in Sausalito (CA). His works have been published on several American publications such as The New Yorker, Open City or Little Star.
Kirmen Uribe was born in Ondarroa (Basque Country), a small fishing town about one hour from Bilbao. Uribe's father (who died in 1999) was a trawlerman and his mother was a homemaker. He studied Basque Philology at the University of the Basque Country–Gasteiz, and did his graduate studies in Comparative Literature in Trento, Italy. In October 2009 he was awarded the Spanish Literature Prize, for his novel Bilbao–New York–Bilbao. For the same work he had received the 2008 Critics' Prize for a novel written in Basque.
Poetry and multimedia
The critic Jon Kortazar has said that the appearance of Kirmen Uribe's poetry collection Bitartean heldu eskutik (Meanwhile Take My Hand), published by Susa in 2001, was a "peaceful revolution" in the world of Basque literature. It received the Critics Prize for poetry written in Basque, and its first edition sold out within a month. The book has since been translated into Spanish (Visor, 2003), French (Castor Astral, 2006), English (Graywolf, 2007), Catalan (Proa, 2010) and Russian (Издательство Герника, 2010). The U.S.-born writer Elizabeth Macklin translated it into English directly from Basque, and this would be the first time a book translated directly from Basque was published by a commercial press in the United States of America. Meanwhile Take My Hand was a finalist for the 2008 PEN Award for Poetry in Translation, which recognizes the best book of poetry in translation published in the United States in the previous year.
Uribe has taken part in a number of onstage performances combining literature with other arts. In 2000, with musician Mikel Urdangarin and filmmaker Josu Eizagirre, he began work on Bar Puerto, which united poetry, music, video and oral history onstage, to recount the life experiences of the residents of an old neighborhood that was torn down to build a highway in Uribe's home town. In the fall of 2003, in collaboration with musicians Urdangarin, Bingen Mendizabal and Rafa Rueda and artist Mikel Valverde, Uribe published the CD-book Zaharregia, txikiegia agian ("too old, too small, maybe"; published by Gaztelupeko Hotsak), which was the outcome of a half dozen readings-with-music the group had done in New York earlier that year; the question in its title refers to the Basque language, whether our language might not be too old and too small for our globalized times.
The filmmaker Arkaitz Basterra based his documentary Agian (Maybe) on the group's work together; the film had its première at the 2006 San Sebastian Film Festival. When the French translation of Bitartean heldu eskutik appeared, that same year, Uribe worked in collaboration with the Bordeaux-born playwright François Mouget on the performance piece Entre-temps donne moi la main.
In 2008 Uribe published his first novel, Bilbao–New York–Bilbao (Elkar). The book sparked great curiosity. It received the Critics' Prize and the Spanish Literature Prize for Narrative. In early 2010 it was brought out simultaneously in Spanish (Seix-Barral), Galician (Xerais) and Catalan (Edicions 62). The novel Bilbao–New York–Bilbao is set on a hypothetical flight that its narrator, one Kirmen Uribe, takes from Bilbao's Loiu Airport to New York's J.F.K. On the flight the writer contemplates his supposed novel-in-progress, which is about three generations of a family, his own, whose life is bound up with the sea. Bilbao–New York–Bilbao is a novel with no conventional plot to speak of. Its structure is that of a net, and the knots of the net are the stories of the three generations as they intersect with crosswise stories and reflections on the twentieth century as it was experienced in the Basque Country. Ollie Brock wrote about the novel in The Times Literary Supplement in August 2011: "Uribe has succeeded in realizing what is surely an ambition for many writers: a book that combines family, romances and literature, anchored deeply in a spoken culture but also in bookishness —and all without a single note of self-congratulation".
Books for children
Kirmen Uribe has published a number of books for children and young adults as well. The best-known are the humorous adventures of Garmendia, a Basque who in the nineteenth century goes to America to work as a sheepherder and ends up a gunslinger. So far he has appeared in three little books: Garmendia and the Black Rider (Elkar, 2003), Garmendia the King (Elkar, 2004) and Garmendia and Fanny’s Secret (Elkar, 2006). Garmendia the King won the New Book prize, thanks to the voting of the young people in Basque secondary schools.
For younger children Uribe has written the books Guti (Elkar, 2005), the story of a fishermen’s dog who is left without a boat, and I’m Not Blond—So What? (Elkar, 2004), which recounts the anxieties of a little Moroccan girl named Amira, who has trouble making friends in her new home in the Basque Country. For the twentieth anniversary of the founding of the Kukubiltxo theatre group, Uribe adapted Mikel Zarate’s children’s story Ekidazu for the stage, and Kukubiltxo performed it in 2002, with the musical collaboration of Oskorri.
On the international scene
Kirmen Uribe has participated in a number of international literary festivals, among them New York’s PEN World Voices Festival, the Berlin international poetry festival, the Taipei international poetry festival, the Manchester (England) literature festival, the Bordeaux ‘¡Mira!’ festival, the Vilenica (Slovenia) international festival (twice) and the Havana (Cuba) international poetry festival. He has given lectures and led seminars at a number of internationally known universities, among them Stanford, Brown, New York University, City University of New York, California Institute of the Arts, University of California-San Diego, Taipei's Fu-Jen Catholic University, UNAM and Iberoamericana in Mexico City, the National University in Lima, and the University of Warsaw.
His poems have appeared in renowned periodicals and international anthologies. In May 2003 The New Yorker magazine published his poem "May." Since then his work has appeared in other U.S. journals as well. In 2006, the Berlin online magazine Lyrikline published a selection of ten of his poems in German translation; it was the first time that journal of international poetry had ever published work by a Basque writer. In 2008, the American literary critics Kevin Prufer and Wayne Millar included three of Uribe's poems in their New European Poets anthology. The Harvard Book Review has said of him, "Uribe's voice speaks across cultures…. His poems may be rooted [in the Basque Country], but they bloom outwards."
- Bitartean heldu eskutik (2001), Meanwhile Take My Hand (English edition, 2007).
- Zaharregia, txikiegia agian (Too old, Too Small Maybe, collaboration; 2003)
- Bar Puerto (multimedia project; 2010)
- Bilbao-New York-Bilbao (2008)
- Mussche (2012)
- Garmendia eta zaldun beltza. 2003, Elkar.
- Ekidazu, lehoiek ez dakite biolina jotzen. 2003, Elkar.
- Ez naiz ilehoria, eta zer?. Elkar.
- Garmendia errege. Elkar.
- Garmendia eta Fannyren sekretua. Elkar.
- Lizardi eta erotismoa. 1996, Alberdania.
- Portukoplak (2006, Elkar)
- Spanish Critics Award (Poetry in Basque) 2002 for Meanwhile take my hand.
- Spanish National Book Award (Narrative) 2009 for his novel Bilbao-New York-Bilbao.
- Spanish Critics Award (Narrative in Basque) 2009 for his novel Bilbao-New York-Bilbao.
- "El Correo-Vocento" 2010 Journalism Award for the best article in the Spanish Press.
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