Kirovsk, Murmansk Oblast

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View of Kirovsk
View of Kirovsk
Coat of arms of Kirovsk
Coat of arms
Location of Kirovsk
Kirovsk is located in Russia
Location of Kirovsk
Kirovsk is located in Murmansk Oblast
Kirovsk (Murmansk Oblast)
Coordinates: 67°37′N 33°39′E / 67.617°N 33.650°E / 67.617; 33.650Coordinates: 67°37′N 33°39′E / 67.617°N 33.650°E / 67.617; 33.650
Federal subjectMurmansk Oblast[1]
Town status sinceOctober 30, 1931[2]
380 m (1,250 ft)
 • Total28,625
 • Estimate 
26,581 (-7.1%)
 • Subordinated toKirovsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
 • Capital ofKirovsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
 • Urban okrugKirovsk Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofKirovsk Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
Dialing code(s)+7 81531
OKTMO ID47712000001
Central Kirovsk

Kirovsk (Russian: Ки́ровск), known as Khibinogorsk (Хибиного́рск) until 1934, is a town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located at the spurs of the Khibiny Mountains on the shores of the Lake Bolshoy Vudyavr, 175 kilometers (109 mi) south of Murmansk. Population: 28,625 (2010 Census).[3]


A settlement which eventually became Kirovsk was founded in 1929, soon after an expedition led by Alexander Fersman had discovered large deposits of apatite and nepheline in the Khibiny Massif in the 1920s.[citation needed] By the end of 1930, its population grew to ten thousand people, and a mining and chemical plant here was well under construction.[2] Due to the rapid growth, the Presidium of the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee petitioned on January 18, 1931 to grant the settlement town status and to name it Khibinogorsk.[2] The petition was approved by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee Resolution on October 30, 1931 and the town was subordinated directly to the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee.[2] On December 15, 1934, the town was renamed Kirovsk after recently assassinated Sergey Kirov,[8] who had been in charge of planning the development of the deposits.

On February 26, 1935, when new Kirovsky District was established on part of the territory of Kolsko-Loparsky District, Kirovsk was transferred to it and made its administrative center.[8] On May 6, 1954, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, Kirovsk was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction.[9] Kirovsky District was abolished, and its territory was subordinated to Kirovsk.[9]

By the September 20, 1965 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR Decree, the work settlement of Kovdor located on the territory under Kirovsk's jurisdiction was granted town under district jurisdiction status and subordinated to Kirovsk Town Soviet.[10] On January 6, 1966, the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee petitioned to transform the work settlement of Molodyozhny located on the territory under Kirovsk's jurisdiction into a town under oblast jurisdiction called Khibinogorsk and on subordinating a part of the territory in Kirovsk's jurisdiction to it.[10] The petition was reviewed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, which, however, decreed on July 7, 1966 to merge the work settlements of Molodyozhny and Apatity into a town under oblast jurisdiction, which would retain the name Apatity.[10] Consequently, the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee subordinated a part of the territory under Kirovsk's jurisdiction to the new town by the decision of October 13, 1966.[10]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated as Kirovsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Kirovsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory is incorporated as Kirovsk Urban Okrug.[5]

Population development[edit]


The northernmost botanical garden in Russia is located in Kirovsk.


Kirovsk is the northernmost mountained ski area in Europe. There are two major ski resorts in the town: Bigwood and Kukisvumchorr with nearly 50 km of slopes operating from November to June. The touristic industry is developing rapidly with new hotels and ski lifts opening every year.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kirovsk is twinned with:



  1. ^ a b c d e Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 40–41
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #533-01-ZMO
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Local post info
  8. ^ a b Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 47–48
  9. ^ a b Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 54–55
  10. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 57
  11. ^ a b c Народная энциклопедия городов и регионов России - Кировск
  12. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).


  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1953-01-ЗМО от 24 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области"». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1953-01-ZMO of December 24, 2015 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast". ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №533-01-ЗМО от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе муниципального образования город Кировск с подведомственной территорией», в ред. Закона №1601-01-ЗМО от 24 апреля 2013 г. «Об упразднении некоторых населённых пунктов Мурманской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Мурманской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №234, стр. 3, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #533-01-ZMO of December 2, 2004 On the Status of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Kirovsk with Jurisdictional Territory, as amended by the Law #1601-01-ZMO of April 24, 2013 On Abolishing Several Inhabited Localities of Murmansk Oblast and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север".

External links[edit]