A kirschwasser (//, UK also /-/; German: [ˈkɪɐ̯ʃvasɐ], German for "cherry water") or kirsch is a clear, colorless fruit brandy traditionally made from double distillation of morello cherries, a dark-colored cultivar of the sour cherry. However, it is now also made from other kinds of cherries. The cherries are fermented completely, including their stones. Unlike cherry liqueurs and cherry brandies, kirschwasser is not sweet.
The best kirschwassers have a refined taste with subtle flavors of cherry and a slight bitter-almond taste that derives from the cherry seeds.
Kirschwasser is usually imbibed neat. It is traditionally served cold in a very small glass and is taken as an apéritif. However, people in the German-speaking region where kirschwasser originated usually serve it after dinner, as a digestif.
High-quality kirschwasser may be served at room temperature, warmed by the hands as with brandy.
Origin and production
Because morellos were originally grown in the Black Forest regions of Germany, kirschwasser is believed to have originated there.
In France and in English-speaking countries, clear fruit brandies are known as eaux de vie. The European Union sets a minimum of 37.5% ABV (75 proof) for products of this kind; kirschwasser typically has an alcohol content of 40%–50% ABV (80–100 proof). About 10 kilograms (22 pounds) of cherries go into the making of a 750 ml bottle of kirschwasser.
Kirsch can also be used in the filling of chocolates. A typical kirsch chocolate consists of no more than one milliliter of kirsch, surrounded by milk or (more usually) dark chocolate with a film of hard sugar between the two parts. The hard sugar acts as an impermeable casing for the liquid content and also compensates for the lack of sweetness that is typical of kirsch. Swiss chocolatiers Lindt & Sprüngli and Camille Bloch, among others, manufacture these kirsch chocolates.
In popular culture
In the Steely Dan song "Babylon Sisters", the narrator suggests that he and his companion will go to San Francisco and "drink Kirschwasser from a shell".
In 1943's "The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp," English officer Clive Candy (Roger Livesey) and his former dueling opponent Theo Kretschmar-Schuldorff of the German army (Anton Walbrok) bond over glasses of kirshwasser while recuperating from their respective injuries.
- Black Forest cake
- Cherries Jubilee
- Distilled beverage
- Fruit brandy
- Culinary Heritage of Switzerland
- Lichine, Alexis. Alexis Lichine's New Encyclopedia of Wines & Spirits (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987), p. 292.
- Use of kirsch in a traditional Swiss cake
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