Kirtling All Saints parish church
|Kirtling shown within Cambridgeshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
From the 16th to the 19th century, Kirtling was known as Catlidge. Upend, on the other hand, was originally called Upheme – old English for ‘the up-dwelling’. Upend may once have been a separate village but was absorbed into Kirtling before 1066. In fact, Kirtling had become the most heavily populated parish in the neighbourhood in 1086.
A rich Cambridgeshire landowner named Oswi and his wife Leofflaed gave the parish of Kirtling to Ely Abbey around 1000. It later belonged to Earl (later king) Harold who died in 1066. By 1086 it was probably held by an Englishman named Frawine of Kirtling.
Kirtling Tower is a Grade I listed building; its gatehouse was built c. 1530 by Edward North, 1st Baron North. Dudley North, 4th Baron North, the politician and polymath, was buried at Kirtling on 27 June 1677.
The population of the parish had reached its peak of 1,458 by the 1801 census, and had fallen to 909 in 1851, below 800 in 1880, 600 in 1910, 500 in 1930 and to 300 in 1971. The population (including Upend) at the 2011 census was 327.
- Historic England. "Kirtling Tower (Grade I) (1126291)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Dale B. J. Randall: "North, Dudley, fourth Baron North (1602–1677)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, UK: OUP, 2004). Retrieved 13 March 2016. Pay-walled.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
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