Kiryat Haim

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Achi Eilat Street, the main thoroughfare through Kiryat Haim

Kiryat Haim (Hebrew: קריית חיים‎  pronounced [kiʁˈjat ˈχa.im]) is one of the five Krayot suburbs located north of Haifa, Israel. In 2008, Kiryat Haim had a population of just under 27,000.[1][2] Kiryat Haim is within the municipal borders of the city of Haifa, and lies on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea.

History[edit]

Kibbutz Mishmar Zevulun in Kiryat Haim, 1942

Kiryat Haim, founded in 1933, was named after Haim Arlosoroff, who was assassinated that year. Kibbutz Kfar Masaryk, formed in Petah Tikva in 1932 and originally known "Czecho-Lita," moved to Bat Galim in 1933 and then to the sand dunes of Kiryat Haim, west of the railway.[3] The kibbutz raised vegetables and opened a dairy farm. At this point it adopted a new name: Mishmar Zevulun (Guardian of Zevulun Valley).[4]

Administratively, Kiryat Haim is divided into two parts, Kiryat Haim West and Kiryat Haim East. Kiryat Haim West is located on the western side of the railway line between that and Kiryat Haim beach.

Kiryat Haim East was expanded to later and is located on the eastern side of railway. The housing initially consisted of low-density single-family housing, with a number of public housing projects located to edge of the neighbourhood. In later decades, some of this has been replaced by higher-density developments and apartment buildings.[1] Kiryat Haim East hosts the commercial "heart" of the suburb, with a number of shops, restaurants and a supermarket located along Achi Eilat Street, the suburb's main thoroughfare.

Urban development[edit]

The promenade at Kiryat Haim beach

As part of its coastal development plan, the Haifa Economic Corporation built the Kiryat Haim Promenade, named for Israeli minister of the environment Yehudit Naot.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Kiryat Haim absorbed large numbers of immigrants from the former Soviet Union who arrived in the 1990s.[citation needed] The suburb also has a large population of Ethiopian Israelis.

Sports[edit]

A soccer match at Kiryat Haim Stadium

The most notable sports team in the history of Kiryat Haim was its weightlifting team, which was sent to the Munich Olympics in 1972. Ze'ev Friedman, a member of the team, was murdered by Arab terrorists in the Munich massacre, after placing 6th in the world.[citation needed]

Thomas D'Alesandro Stadium, sometimes referred to simply as Kiryat Haim Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Kiryat Haim used mainly for football matches. It was originally the home of Hapoel Haifa and Maccabi Haifa until Kiryat Eliezer Stadium was built. It was named for Baltimore mayor Thomas D'Alesandro.[6]

Kiryat Haim is home to a handball team, Maccabi Hakiryatim.

Transportation[edit]

Kiryat Haim is served by the Kiryat Haim Railway Station,[7] which is on the main Coastal railway line to Nahariya, with southerly trains to Beersheba and Modi'in.

Three Egged bus lines route through Kiryat Haim, route 13 that travels between Kiryat Ata and Kiryat Yam,[8] route 15 that routes via the western half of Kiryat Haim from the Krayot Central Bus Station in the north of Kiryat Motzkin to Hutzot HaMifratz,[9] and route 26 that travels between Kiryat Ata and Kiryat Haim beach.[10]

At night, Kiryat Haim is served by night bus 210, which runs a meandering route through the Krayot with terminuses in Kiryat Ata and Kiryat Bialik.[11]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "קריית חיים פרופיל גיאוגרפי" [Kiryat Haim geographic profile]. עיריית חיפה (in Hebrew). City of Haifa. Retrieved 2015-10-17. 
  2. ^ "חיפה: מאפיינים לפני אזורים" [Haifa: Characteristics by region] (PDF) (in Hebrew). City of Haifa. June 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-02-19. 
  3. ^ Nadav Man (14 February 2009). "Naaman factory: Settlement's building blocks". Ynetnews. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  4. ^ History of Kibbutz Kfar Masaryk
  5. ^ Kiryat Haim Coast
  6. ^ Emanuel Benavidor (9 November 2009). "אצטדיון תומס ד'אלסנדו –הידעתם" [Thomas D'Alesandro Stadium: Did you know?] (in Hebrew). Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Israel Railways - Kiryat Hayyim". Israel Railways. Israel Railways. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  8. ^ "bus.co.il - Israel Public Transportation Information". bus.co.il. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  9. ^ "bus.co.il - Israel Public Transportation Information". bus.co.il. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  10. ^ "bus.co.il - Israel Public Transportation Information". bus.co.il. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  11. ^ "bus.co.il - Israel Public Transportation Information". bus.co.il. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°50′N 35°4′E / 32.833°N 35.067°E / 32.833; 35.067