Kiryat Shmona massacre
|Kiryat Shmona massacre|
|Part of Palestinian insurgency in South Lebanon|
|Location||Kiryat Shmona, Israel|
|Date||11 April 1974|
|Deaths||18 Israelis, including 8 children (+ 3 attackers)|
|Perpetrators||3 Palestinian assailants. PFLP-GC claimed responsibility.|
The Kiryat Shmona massacre was an attack by three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command on civilians in the Israeli town of Kiryat Shmona on 11 April 1974. Eighteen people were killed, nearly half of them children, and 16 were wounded.
On 11 April 1974, three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command crossed the Israeli border from Lebanon. First, they entered the Janusz Korczak middle school, but it was the Passover holiday and the school was unoccupied. They then decided to enter another building nearby. They killed many of that building's residents. The attackers then blew themselves up as Israeli soldiers stormed the building.
More attacks on northern Israel followed by Palestinian militants, including the Ma'alot massacre the same year, the Savoy Hotel Attack and Kfar Yuval hostage crisis in 1975, and multiple airplane hijacking acts, the most notable being Entebbe Operation in 1976.
- Israel Forces Attack 6 Lebanese Villages in Retaliatory Raids - published on the Los Angeles Times on 13 April 1974
- "Massacre of 18 in Kiryat Shemona Continues to Provoke Indignation". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 18 April 1974. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
- Herf, Jeffrey (3 May 2016). Undeclared Wars with Israel: East Germany and the West German Far Left, 1967–1989. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107089860.
- Arab Terrorists Slay 18 In Raid On Israel, 13 April 1974
- Modern Israel & the Diaspora (1970-1979) Jewish Virtual Library