Kiryat Tiv'on

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Kiryat Tiv'on

  • קִרְיַת טִבְעוֹן
  • كريات طبعون
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Qiryat Ṭibˁon
 • Also spelledQiryat Tiv'on (official)
View of Kiryat Tivon
View of Kiryat Tivon
Kiryat Tiv'on is located in Haifa region of Israel
Kiryat Tiv'on
Kiryat Tiv'on
Kiryat Tiv'on is located in Israel
Kiryat Tiv'on
Kiryat Tiv'on
Coordinates: 32°43′26″N 35°7′38″E / 32.72389°N 35.12722°E / 32.72389; 35.12722Coordinates: 32°43′26″N 35°7′38″E / 32.72389°N 35.12722°E / 32.72389; 35.12722
District Haifa
 • TypeLocal council (from 1958)
 • Head of MunicipalityDavid Ariely
 • Total8,419 dunams (8.419 km2 or 3.251 sq mi)
 • Total17,717
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)

Kiryat Tiv'on (Hebrew: קִרְיַת טִבְעוֹן, also Qiryat Tiv'on; Arabic: كريات طبعون‎) is a town in the Haifa District of Israel, in the hills between the Zvulun (Zebulon) and Jezreel valleys. Kiryat Tiv'on is situated 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southeast of Haifa, on the main road to Nazareth. Kiryat Tiv'on is the result of the municipal merger of several older settlements, Tiv'on (est. 1947), Elro'i (est. 1935), Kiryat HaRoshet (est. 1935) and Kiryat Amal (est. 1937). On the outskirts of Tiv'on is a Bedouin township called Basmat Tab'un. In 2017 it had a population of 17,717.[1]


View of Kiryat Tivon from Beit She'arim National Park

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1859, the village of Tubaun[2] was estimated to have a tillage of 22 feddans.[3] In 1875, Victor Guérin found that the village had 200 inhabitants.[4] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Tubaun as a small adobe village, on high ground, at the edge of the wood.[3] A population list from about 1887 showed that Tuba'un had about 90 inhabitants; all Muslims.[5]

British Mandate era[edit]

The 1922 census of Palestine showed that Tub'un had 151 inhabitants, all Muslim.[6] In 1925 a Zionist organisation purchased 30 feddans in Kiskis (present Alonim) and Tabon (present Kiryat Tiv'on) from the Sursuk family of Beirut. At the time, there were 36 families living there.[7] In the 1931 census Tabun had a population of 239, still all Muslim, in a total of 48 houses.[8] From 1931, and lasting several years, the Jewish Agency struggled to evict the tenant farmers from Tabaun, from the land which was to become Tivon.[9]

In the 1945 statistics, al Tivon (Alonim) (previously Qusqus Taboun) had 370 Muslim and 320 Jewish inhabitants, with a total land area of 5,823 dunams.[10][11] Of this, 141 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 2,038 for cereals,[12] while 3,644 dunams were classified as non-cultivable land.[13]

State of Israel[edit]

Kiryat Tiv'on was established in 1958 merging three small villages Tiv'on (founded in 1947), Kiryat Amal (founded in 1937) and Elro'i (founded in 1935). Kiryat Haroshet, founded by a rabbi from Jablona, Poland who settled there with his followers in 1935, became part of Kiryat Tiv'on in 1979.[citation needed]

Tiv'on was built on land owned by a British Jewish couple who bought the land in early 1945. It was later developed by the Jewish National Fund based on an urban plan drawn up by Alexander Klein, a Russian Jewish architect who was commissioned by the Jewish National Fund.[14][full citation needed]

The symbol of Kiryat Tiv'on is the cyclamen, a flower that grows between the rocks, reflecting the town's appreciation of nature and its efforts to preserve the landscape and safeguard the environment.[15]



The town is best known for the national park, Beit She'arim, which borders it on the southwest. Beit Shearim was an important Jewish spiritual center and necropolis during the Roman period, and was once the seat of the Sanhedrin.

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Kiryat Tiv'on is twinned with:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Localities File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  2. ^ from tảba: to press or stamp, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 117
  3. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 273
  4. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 398-399
  5. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 175
  6. ^ Barron, 1923, p. 33
  7. ^ according to List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 96
  9. ^ Avneri, 1984, pp. 156-7
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 15
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 92
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 142
  14. ^ Revista Morashá - Artigos
  15. ^ Municipality website
  16. ^ "about oranim college". Archived from the original on 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  17. ^ About Ramat Hadassah Youth Village
  18. ^ "Braunschweigs Partner und Freundschaftsstädte" [Braunschweig - Partner and Friendship Cities]. Stadt Braunschweig [City of Braunschweig] (in German). Archived from the original on 2012-12-01. Retrieved 2013-08-07.


External links[edit]